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Industrial Revolution Begins. Revolution in Great Britain. 1700s = change in technology energy source changed from human & animal power to machinery Industrial Revolution occurred when use of power-driven machinery was developed this started in Great Britain.

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Revolution in great britain
Revolution in Great Britain

  • 1700s = change in technology

  • energy source changed from human & animal power to machinery

  • Industrial Revolution occurred when use of power-driven machinery was developed

  • this started in Great Britain

Factors for success in great britain
Factors for Successin Great Britain

  • exploration and colonialism

  • power of the sea

  • political stability

  • government support

  • growth of private investment

Agricultural factors
Agricultural Factors

  • 1701  Jethro Tull invented seed drill

  • landowners bought up small farms and consolidated them in the enclosure movement

Factors of production land
Factors of Production: Land

  • Great Britain had great natural resources

    • coal for fuel

    • iron for steel & machinery

    • waterways (rivers & canals) to generate power and transport raw materials and goods

Factors of production labor
Factors of Production: Labor

  • Great Britain’s population grew because of greater food supply

  • enclosure movement took land away from small farmers

    • resulted in surplus of available workers

Factors of production capital
Factors of Production: Capital

  • capital is the money or property a business needs to stay in business

  • capital can be money, machines, or people

    • people who specialized in one area had abilities and skills to their advantages

A revolution in textiles
A Revolution in Textiles

  • a cottage industry is an occupation in which you make a craft and it is done in your home

  • making cloth had been a cottage industry

  • cloth was made mostly with wool

A new way of making cloth
A New Way of Making Cloth

  • cloth was now made from wool and cotton

    • more sheep could be raised due to the enclosure movement

    • cotton came to Great Britain from the colonies

  • new inventions helped the process of cloth making

Cotton gin
Cotton Gin

  • invented by Eli Whitney

  • removed seeds from raw cotton

Spinning jenny
Spinning Jenny

  • invented by James Hargreaves

  • spun multiple threads at one time

    • threads were still thick and broke easily

Spinning frame
Spinning Frame

  • invented by Richard Arkwright

  • similar to the spinning jenny

    • spun stronger, thinner threads

Flying shuttle
“Flying Shuttle”

  • invented by John Kay

  • pushed thread back and forth on loom automatically

    • had been done by the weaver pushing the shuttle back and forth

    • allowed for looms to be wider than arm’s width

Power loom
Power Loom

  • invented by Edmund Cartwright in 1785

  • automated the weaving process

Cloth making outside the home
Cloth Making Outside the Home

  • new inventions to speed up the cloth making process were big machines

  • machines needed a special place to house them

  • cloth now made in FACTORIES

Steam powers the revolution
Steam Powers the Revolution

  • steam is created when water is heated to the point of vaporizing

  • water vapors expand when hot

  • steam engines were invented in 1712 by Thomas Newcomen

Development of the steam engine
Development of the Steam Engine

  • James Watt innovated Newcomen’s steam engine to be more efficient

    • Watt’s engine was better suited for factories

  • 1802  Richard Trevithick put a steam engine in first locomotive

  • 1807  Robert Fulton developed the first steamship

Coal for british steam engines
Coal for British Steam Engines

  • coal mining industry in northern and western England grew

  • by 1800, Great Britain produced 80% of Europe’s coal

  • mining was dangerous

    • explosions

    • coal dust

    • collapsing shafts

    • hard labor

Exit ticket
Exit Ticket

  • What are the three factors of production that we discussed?

  • What is an example of each of these factors that Great Britain had?

  • How did the early inventions help the textile industry change from a cottage industry to an industry performed in factories?