What is a Participle? • Looks like a verb – a “verby” looking word • Ends in –ing or –ed(some irregularly formed…known) • Behaves as an adjective in the sentence • Describes nouns and pronouns
What Does a Participle Look Like? EX: Leaping the fence, the cat surprised me. Leaping looks like a verb, but it really describes the cat. Surprised is the verb. EX: Defeating all the teams, the Eagles celebrated. Defeatinglooks like a verb, but it is an adjective that describes teams.
Your Turn To Identify Participles- • Peeling and slicing cucumber, I added them to the salad. • Look for –ing and –ed words • Decide if the words act as adjectives or verbs • Those acting as adjectives are participles
What is a Participial Phrase? • It begins with the participle (-ing or –ed word acting as an adjective) and also contains other related words…prepositional phrase, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs
What Does a Participial Phrase Look Like? • Outwitting the hounds, the raccoons easily escaped. • Outwitting is the participle…describes raccoons • The hounds relates to outwitting…tells what was outwitted • Outwitting the hounds is the participial phrase • It tells more information about the raccoons
Your Turn To Identify Participial Phrases- • Tackled on the one-yard line, Sam fumbled the ball. • Look for –ing and –ed words • Decide if the words act as adjectives or verbs • Those acting as adjectives are participles and begin the participial phrase • Identify the related words which make up the phrase
Your Turn To Identify Participial Phrases- • Tackled on the one-yard line, Sam fumbled the ball. • Tackled describes what happened to Sam…adjective, thus participle • On the one-yard line is related to tackled… tells where Sam was tackled • Fumbled tells what Sam did…verb
Participial Phrases and Commas- • Sentences which begin with a participial phrase always have a comma at the end of the participial phrase • Wildly cheering for the team, we celebrated the victory.
FIND THE PARTICIPIAL PHRASES IN THESE CORRECT SENTENCES. • Flying from flower to flower, the bee made its way through the field. • Shown in theatres everywhere, the movie set a new box office record. • Painting a picture, the artist lost track of time. • Left home alone by his parents, Johnny stayed up later than usual.
PRACTICE • Now try creating a sentence of your own that uses a present participial phrase. • Add one to your spooky story!