RECOGNIZING + RESPONDING TO AN EMERGENCY First Aid/CPR Mr. Gagliardo
Recognizing an Emergency Four ways to sense an emergency situation: • Unusual Sights – blood, fire, smoke • Unusual Appearances/Behaviors – person who is uncomfortable, unconscious, or has trouble breathing • Unusual Odors – gasoline, smoke, unrecognizable smell • Unusual Noises – screaming, sudden silence, explosion, glass breaking
Overcoming Barriers to Act • Normal to feel hesitant/unsure about what to do in an emergency situation • Common barriers: • Fear of disease transmission • Fear of being sued • Fear of doing something wrong • Type of injury/illness in question
Obtaining Consent • **You MUST obtain consent to help an ill/injured person • Unconscious person? – IMPLIED CONSENT • How to obtain consent: State your name, tell the person you are trained in First Aid, ask to help, explain what YOU THINK may be wrong, explain WHAT YOU PLAN TO DO.
The Good Samaritan Law • You are FREE OF LIABILITY in the act of aiding someone who is ill/injured as long as you: • Act in good faith • Are not negligent • Act within your SCOPE OF TRAINING
Preventing Disease Transmission • Precautions when giving care: • Avoid blood/bodily fluids, use protective equipment (gloves, breathing barriers), and wash hands IMMEDIATELY after care. • Disease transmission risk when giving aid is LOW
Emergency Action Steps • CHECK – Check the scene for safety; check the person for life-threatening conditions • CALL – 9-1-1/local emergency number • CARE – For the ill/injured person *IF ALONE? CALL OR CARE FIRST? -CALL FIRST: Cardiac emergencies -CARE FIRST: Breathing emergencies (2 min. of care, THEN call 9-1-1)