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Deaths from smoking

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  1. Deaths from smoking in Denmark

  2. Deaths from smokingin Denmark • Particular emphasis is given to the number of deathsin middle age (defined as ages 35 to 69) • Available on www.deathsfromsmoking.net • This presentation provides estimates of the number of deaths caused by smoking in Denmark

  3. Source of data: “Mortality from Smoking in Developed Countries, 1950–2000” • Uses WHO mortality data for lung cancer and for other diseases, and UN population data • Updated edition of a 1994 book, authored by an international team of scientists: – Richard Peto, Professor of Medical Statistics, University of Oxford – Alan Lopez, Professor of Medical Statistics, University of Queensland – Jillian Boreham, Senior Research Fellow, University of Oxford – Michael Thun, Chief of Epidemiology, American Cancer Society www.deathsfromsmoking.net

  4. Denmark Deaths from smoking, 1950 to 2000 • About half (185,000) of them were still in middleagewhen they died • This was about one in four of all the deaths inmiddle age during this period (185,000 out ofthe 816,000 deaths at ages 35-69) • About 380,000 people died from smoking during this 50-year period in Denmark www.deathsfromsmoking.net

  5. Denmark, year 2000 Annual deaths from smoking • About 4,000 die in middle age from smoking • Many of those killed in middle age would have lived on for 10, 20, 30 or more good years • About 22 years of life are lost, on average, by those killed in middle age by smoking • Smoking kills about 12,000 people a year in Denmark www.deathsfromsmoking.net

  6. 12,000smoking 3,356*non-medical Murder/assault Falls Suicide Drowning Road accidents Poisoning Plane crashes Fires Train crashes Floods/storms Accidents at work Other natural disasters Accidents at home Other accidents *in year 2000 Denmark, year 2000 Smoking causes about four times as many deaths as all non-medical causes put together www.deathsfromsmoking.net

  7. 3,000vascular (heart disease, stroke and other diseases of the arteries and veins) 4,600cancer* 1,400other 3,000respiratory *includes 3,000 (87%) ofthe 3,430 lung cancer deaths Denmark, year 2000 Smoking kills 12,000 people a year,from many different diseases www.deathsfromsmoking.net

  8. 4,600 (30%)from smoking 15,400 total cancer deaths 2,900 (37%) from smoking 7,800 male 1,700 (22%)from smoking 7,600 female Denmark, year 2000 About one in three of all cancer deathsis due to smoking www.deathsfromsmoking.net

  9. Male deaths in middle age from smoking • This pattern is seen first in middle age, then in old age • The next three slides concentrate on male deathsin middle age • The main pattern of increase and, eventually, decrease in premature deaths from smoking is at a more advanced stage among men than among women www.deathsfromsmoking.net

  10. Denmark, year 2000 About one in four of all deaths inmiddle-aged men is due to smoking* *2,500 (28%) of the8,800 deaths at ages 35-69 www.deathsfromsmoking.net

  11. • 27 die in middle age* • 8 of these 27 deaths are from smoking 8 27% *risks at year 2000death rates for ages 35-69 Denmark, year 2000 Of 100 men aged 35 years … www.deathsfromsmoking.net

  12. Smoking All causes 32% 6 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 33% 7 35% 10 34% 10 34% 11 35% 12 34% 12 33% 11 32% 10 27% 8 *risks at period-specificdeath rates for ages 35-69 Denmark, 1955-2000 Male death in middle age: changing hazards* www.deathsfromsmoking.net

  13. Denmark, year 2000 Summary for the whole population In Denmark: • Smoking kills about 12,000 men and women every year • About 4,000 die in middle age from smoking • Smoking causes about four times as many deaths as all non-medical causes put together • About one in three of all cancer deaths is due to smoking www.deathsfromsmoking.net

  14. Messages for the individual smoker • Those killed in middle age lose many years • Stopping smoking works • Even in early middle age, those who stop (before they have lung cancer or some other fatal disease) avoid most of their risk of being killed by tobacco • Stopping before middle age works even better • The risk is big: about half are killed www.deathsfromsmoking.net

  15. Deaths from smoking:an electronic resource • www.deathsfromsmoking.net • Published by • International Union Against Cancer (UICC), Geneva: Switzerland, 2006 • Funded by • Clinical Trial Service Unit & Epidemiological Studies Unit (CTSU), University of Oxford • International Union Against Cancer (UICC) • Fogarty International Center, US NIH • UK Medical Research Council • Cancer Research UK • Project team Richard Peto, Judith Watt, Jillian Boreham • Project management Sinéad Jones • Advice and support Steve Woodward, Konrad Jamrozik, Lesley Walker, Trish Cotter • Design bwa-design.co.uk