Ordered to Care Chapter 7 Professionalism and its Discontents. Angela Bridges Wendy DuBose BEF 644 Fall 2012. Introduction. Trained Nurse and Hospital Review (1889) Discussed need for national organization for nursing Intent was to: Limit number of nurses
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Isabel Hampton Robb
(American Journal of Nursing)
On left from top, clockwise:
Lillian Wald, Lavinia Dock, & Adelaide Nutting
“Where there is one nurse with a missionary spirit,….there are forty-nine others who are obliged to make the humiliating confession: I am a nurse because I must earn a living for myself and those dependent on me, because my nursing is well paid, honorable and to me is interesting.” Trained Nurse (1888)
Annette Fiske-private duty nurse and educator
Charlotte Aikens-nurse and hospital superintendent
Character/service; not education
Raise nursing standards through organizational power
Provide hospitals with cheap labor
Proposed grading/classification of nurses.
Reverby, S. M. (1987). Ordered to care: The dilemma of American nursing, 1850-1945.
Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press