Future Trends in Tourism and Transport Lecture : 12
Sustainable Transport A series of stages when developing a sustainable tourism transport network: • First stage: analysis of existing policy frameworks, infrastructure & available data on market. • Second stage: re-appraise existing land use & assess future proposals for tourism development (i.e. core sustainability indicators) • Third stage: installation of work undertaken in stage two, in form of policy guidance or documentation. • Final stage: implementation and continuous monitoring in terms of both, software & hardware requirements of tourism transport network.
Sustainable Transport (continued 1) Concern with sustainable transport can be sketched in two ways: • Control & regulation of emissions. • Availability of alternative means of power in light of peak oil problem.
Space Tourism: New Frontier(s)? • Space travel is the best way of minimizing environmental impacts of air transport, but space travel has its own environmental issues. • It is necessary to position space tourism development in wider context of transport. • At the end of 2005, three individuals have been in earth orbit as passengers (i.e. not as members of a scientific crew) “Dennis Tito” & “Mark Shuttleworth”.
Space Tourism: New Frontier(s)? (Continued 1) • Future of tourism & transport, involves space. • In fact, it may involve other planetary bodies. • In sep 2005, United States, announced that it will go to the moon & a few months later, reports emerged that china will head to moon by 2017. • Space tourism is quickly becoming the latest niche product involving transport.
Space Tourism: New Frontier(s)? (Continued 2) There are several forms of space tourism: • Near-earth orbit: reach tourist masses • Low-earth orbit, high-speed aircraft: boeing announced its “Sonic Cruiser”, designed to fly at supersonic speeds. • Terrestrial-based space tourism activities: including attractions and events such as; space shuttle launches & tours to locations around the world where solar eclipses would be visible.
Future Trends and Issues in Tourism and Transport • Airline industry seems to change on almost daily basis. • New routes being introduced & security screening systems introduced. • Rail transport tends to move slightly slower.
Rail Travel: Limited to Niche Markets? • Rail travel will likely to continue to appeal to niche markets, but may face difficulties with any attempt to re-establish itself as a prime mode of transport for tourists between origin & destination.
Shifting Demographics • As tourist flows take place between advanced or western countries, suggest that many older people wish to enjoy activities & entertainment that they enjoyed in their youth and they have more disposable income to spend on those activities. • Coupled with ageing are overall population levels. • In less developed countries, “Africa & Asia”, population levels are predicted to rise at much faster rate than more developed countries “Europe & Australia”. • Tourist & migration traffic between less developed countries & more developed countries will likely increase.
Cruise Tourism: Riding the Wave of Shifting Demographics • Cruise tourism will continue to enjoy growth. • The major growth areas in cruise tourism will not be traditional regions such as Mediterranean or Caribbean, rather growth in Asia and Gulf region (e.g. India, Bahrain)
Non-Western Domestic Tourism and Transport Growth • In recent years, several countries around the world have capitalized on global economic growth by enhancing internal transport modes. • Inbound tourism is expected to grow at a healthy rate. • India suggest that domestic air travel is expected to grow 25% over next five years, by allowing private companies to provide air services as “air taxis”
Open Skies & Liberalization of Global Air Transport Industry • With increasingly globalised economic climate, open skies agreements will continue to increase in number, with liberalisation efforts extending beyond simple scheduling and capacity elements to include owenership and effective control. • A move towards multilateral systems will continue to grow.
Capacity Concerns • Capacity is likely to be a key issue in economic sustainability of international transport. • Growing capacity without reductions in costs, may result in future capital losses for air transport industry as investors see fewer returns. • For time being, global airline passenger traffic is increasing.
Information Technology • IT trends in transport industry will continue to evolve to benefit of passenger. • IT infrastructure has altered distribution channels within all modes of transport (particularly through GDS), and this extend towards providing wireless internet access during a journey. • The more common IT initiatives in transport generally revolve around service provisions for passengers (e.g. on-board entertainment).
Text book • Duval D. (2007). Tourism and Transport: Modes, Networks and Flows. Multilingual Matters & Channel View Publications. (Chapter 9)