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Von Thunen’s Theories of Land Use and Agricultural Organization. How is agricultural land organized? How does this impact the cost of rent/purchasing land?. Land Use and Agriculture. Fallow – the practice of farming land, harvesting, tilling (but not planting), and repeating the cycle

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von thunen s theories of land use and agricultural organization

Von Thunen’s Theories of Land Use and Agricultural Organization

How is agricultural land organized?

How does this impact the cost of rent/purchasing land?

land use and agriculture
Land Use and Agriculture
  • Fallow – the practice of farming land, harvesting, tilling (but not planting), and repeating the cycle
    • Half the field is fallowed, the other half is planted
  • CBD – central business district (town, city, hearth)
  • Three-Field Farming
    • Only one third of the field is fallowed, while the other two parts are harvested in Spring and Autumn
  • Bid rent – how much someone is willing to pay for a particular piece of land
johann heinrich von th nen
Johann Heinrich Von Thünen
  • Developed an agricultural model to explain the locations and costs of agriculture in and around a CBD
  • He used mathematics to explain the cost of farming in multiple environments
  • R = Y(p − c) − YFm
  • R = rent p = production costs
  • Y = yield c = market price
  • F = transportation costs
  • m = distance to market
applications
Applications
  • By analyzing the consumer costs, production, and geographic limitations, Von Thunen’s model could help landowners and agriculturalists determine adequate rent for land and potential profits
  • This model is outdated and was created assuming all land was similar, climate was fixed, no roads existed, and technology would not improve
  • This model has been modified to take physical features into account
william alonso
William Alonso
  • William Alonso used von Thunen’s model to evaluate the cost of land in an agricultural region (or industrial center)
  • The farther away from the CBD, the less money people were willing to pay due to the limited access to the CBD
  • How can this be applied today?
modernization
Modernization
  • How can the principals of von Thünen and Alonso be used to explain land costs for agriculture today?
  • What changes over time have shifted this model?
  • Can this model be used in future agriculture?
  • Where can this model still be seen?
grocery ad
Grocery Ad
  • How can the grocery ad illustrate von Thunen’s model in action?
  • Why are the prices different for each product?
  • What factors are used to determine the market cost of foods?