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THE CIVIL WAR. 1861-1865. The Declaration of Independence Had Condemned Slavery. Read What If The Declaration of Independence Had Condemned Slavery? Read pages 116–117 of your textbook and answer the questions on the following slides. The Declaration of Independence Had Condemned Slavery.

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the civil war

THE CIVIL WAR

1861-1865

slide2

The Declaration of Independence Had Condemned Slavery

  • Read What If The Declaration of Independence Had Condemned Slavery? Read pages 116–117 of your textbook and answer the questions on the following slides.
slide3

The Declaration of Independence Had Condemned Slavery

  • 1. Why do you think Thomas Jefferson, who was a slaveholder, wanted to include this paragraph?
slide4

The Declaration of Independence Had Condemned Slavery

  • 2. Would the course of American history have changed significantly if the Declaration of Independence had included Jefferson’s statement? If so, how? If not, why not?
  • Possible reasons: the colonies may not have united to throw off British rule, individual colonies may have struggled for their own independence, or slavery may have ended sooner than it actually did.

CA HI2, HI3, HI4

why did the founders not make provisions in the constitution
Why did the founders not make provisions in the constitution?
  • It was a dying practice at the time!
  • Until the invention of the cotton gin in 1793 by Eli Whitney
    • Made southern plantations larger and had more of a need for slave labor
    • They called it a “necessary evil”
    • Made slavery part of southern culture and increased the population
society after independence
Society after Independence
  • Second Great Awakening and social reform
    • Changes in rehabilitation-hospitals and prisons
    • Temperance movement-prohibition
    • Women’s rights-suffrage movement
    • Public education instituted
    • Abolition movement
american expansion missouri compromise of 1820
American Expansion/Missouri Compromise of 1820
  • Conflict between north and south when states were added to American territory
  • Would the new state be a free or slave state?
  • Missouri Compromise, 1820
    • Compromise that made Missouri a slave state and Maine a free state
deep rooted differences
Deep Rooted Differences

NorthSouth

Abolitionists Slavery

Vocal northerners who called The 1/3 population who

For immediate freedom and claimed they needed

Political rights for blacks slavery for the ag. based

economy. Thought it would bring chaos to the south.

slide10
NorthSouth

Industry/city Cotton/Ag./country

1860 northern states South's provided 3/4

contained 4/5 of U.S. of worlds cotton. No

factories and 2/3 of cities needed or

Nations R.R. mileage wanted.

Progress/ Change Tradition

People were forced to Well-mannered and proud

change due to industry. of their traditional slow

Embraced change and way of life. No need for

the future. Change in their society.

slide11
NorthSouth

Union Preservation States Rights

States did not have the Believed the Union

right to break up the was a collection of

greatest democratic sovereign states.

experiment the world Viewed the North

has ever known. as invaders, so they

left the union.

compromise of 1850
Compromise of 1850
  • Gave Texas $10 million to abandon eastern New Mexico territory
  • New Mexico was split into two territories and made slave or free by popular sovereignty basis
  • Made California a free state
  • Expansion of slavery still unsolved
dred scott decision 1854
Dred Scott Decision, 1854
  • Dred Scott, a slave moved to a free state, Illinois, with his master
    • His master died and he sued for freedom
    • The case reached the supreme court and he denied a hearing because he was not a citizen
    • This outraged abolitionists
kansas nebraska act 1854
Kansas/Nebraska Act(1854)
  • Act organized Kansas and Nebraska to be divided into territories on the basis of popular sovereignty. The new states would be received into the Union with or without slavery, as outlined in their state constitution at the time of their admission.
  • Northerners quickly moved to the territory to create an antislavery majority.
  • Pro-slavery Missourians also hurried to Kansas. They voted illegally to elect a pre-slavery legislature.
  • In response, antislavery settlers held a convention and wrote a constitution that excluded slavery. Then, Kansas had two governments
  • This later led to the John’s Brown raid and the first bloodshed of the Civil War.
emancipation proclamation
Emancipation Proclamation
  • “Slaves within any state, or designated part of a state… shall be forever free. January 1st, 1863 During the Civil War.
  • This was the Forefather for the 13th Amendment outlawing slavery in1865.
  • 200,000 slaves left the South to fight alongside the union troops in the North.
  • Main Cause of Civil War was slavery economics, also about power State vs. Federal
reconstruction 1865 1877
Reconstruction 1865-1877
  • Arguable that the Civil Rights movement started after Civil War and is still happening today.
  • Lincoln’s goal was to reconcile with the S., instead of punishing if for treason.
  • Originally became more of a battle of who had power the Congress (states) or the President ( Federal).
  • 1st Reconstruction Act set up military districts to enforce Federal laws.
  • 13th Amendment (1865) abolished slavery.
  • 14th Amendment All person except Native American Indians citizenship. Enabled “due process” under law.
  • 15th Amendment all citizens could vote.
reconstruction overview
Reconstruction Overview
  • Southern states allowed back into the Union with ratification of New Constitution including 13, 14 and 15 Amendments. Once ratified federal troops withdrew.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1875 Gave all people equal accommodations under the law: Inns, RR, Boats, Theaters, Not Schools
  • 1883 it was declared unconstitutional because it lacked federal backing.
impeachment of andrew johnson r 1868
Impeachment of Andrew Johnson (R) 1868
  • Power Struggle-Johnson (federal) vs. Congress (State)
  • Johnson vs. Congress
  • Northerners wanted to reconstruct south
  • Southerners wanted revenge against the north
  • Nothing to do with Civil rights.
  • Impeachment 1 vote short (35-19) of removing him from office.
supremacy groups
Supremacy Groups
  • Several southern supremacy groups unhappy with policies of Reconstruction.
  • KKK patterned after college fraternity (Kappa Alpha) sheets represented the confederate dead. They basically became a terrorists group.
  • Lead to “force bills” violating civil rights became a federal offense.
  • Between 1882-1901 some 2000 African-Americans were lynched
compromise of 1877 reconstruction ended broken promises
Compromise of 1877 Reconstruction Ended Broken Promises
  • Flawed Electoral College
  • Tilden received 51% of vote. (184 electoral votes)
  • Hayes received 48% of vote. (166 electoral votes)
  • 19 votes still to be decided. Republicans gave votes to Hayes in exchange for the removal of Federal Troops.
  • No federal troops to enforce laws everything went backwards thus ending reconstruction.