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Technology in Search and Rescue Efforts General Overview What is Civil Air Patrol? Emergency Services Technology Used/Being Implemented Video Scan Equipment Emergency Location Transmitters Search Theory applied to SAR Conclusions What is Civil Air Patrol

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slide1

Technology in

Search and Rescue Efforts

general overview
General Overview
  • What is Civil Air Patrol?
  • Emergency Services
  • Technology Used/Being Implemented
    • Video Scan Equipment
    • Emergency Location Transmitters
    • Search Theory applied to SAR
  • Conclusions
what is civil air patrol
What is Civil Air Patrol
  • Official Auxiliary of the US Air Force
  • Made up of Civilian Volunteers
    • Created Dec. 1, 1941
      • Performed SAR, Coastal Patrols, and other functions for War Department
    • July 1, 1946, President Truman incorporated CAP as a benevolent, nonprofit organization.
  • Personal Background Information
    • Member since 1992
    • Currently 1Lt. With GTM Rating, and about 100 hours of SAR training/actual missions
cap resources
CAP Resources
  • Aviation Assets
  • Ground Assets
  • Communications
  • Supplies & Equipment
cap missions
CAP Missions
  • Aerospace Education
  • Cadet Programs
  • Emergency Services
    • Reconnaissance
    • Counter drug
    • Transportation
    • DR
    • SAR
commonly used technology in civil air patrol
Commonly Used Technology in Civil Air Patrol
  • Usual Stuff
  • Video Scanning Equipment
  • Emergency Location Transmitters
  • Applications of Search Theory
the usual stuff
The Usual Stuff
  • Databases for Paperwork
  • GPS/Map Programs
  • Communications
    • Cell Phones
    • Internet for Media Coverage
    • Laptop/PDA’s to transmit data to teams
commonly used technology in civil air patrol9
Commonly Used Technology in Civil Air Patrol
  • Usual Stuff
  • Video Scanning Equipment
  • Emergency Location Transmitters
  • Applications of Search Theory
video scanning equipment
Video Scanning Equipment
  • Best use is in Disaster Relief
    • Floods, Train Wreck, Hurricanes
    • Plattsburgh Ice Storm
  • Issues and Obstacles
    • Weather Conditions
      • Altitude
    • Transmission Protocols
    • Matching up Pictures
commonly used technology in civil air patrol13
Commonly Used Technology in Civil Air Patrol
  • Usual Stuff
  • Video Scanning Equipment
  • Emergency Location Transmitters
  • Applications of Search Theory
emergency location transmitters
Emergency Location Transmitters

Emergency Location Transmitters

  • History
  • False Positives
  • Mirror Images/Tracking Issues
emergency location transmitters15
Emergency Location Transmitters

Emergency Location Transmitters

  • History
  • False Positives
  • Mirror Images/Tracking Issues
possible independent tests for elt hits
Target moving

Reported Crash

Flight Plan

Reported Overdue

Distance Math

Lat/Long.

Person Hiking

Heavily Wooded Area

Not required for Private Aircraft

No Family/Friends

Picking up Reflections

15-20 km accuracy

Possible Independent Tests for ELT Hits
121 5 mhz vs 406 mhz transmitters
121.5 MHz ELT

Currently: 1/3 World

Analog Signal

Need Additional Info

15-20 km off

700 sq km

.1 Watt

$200 - $1500

406 MHz ELT

Global Coverage

Digital Signal

1st alert capable

2-5 km off

12.5 sq km (GPS)

5 watt

$750 - $3500

121.5 MHz. vs. 406 MHz.Transmitters
commonly used technology in civil air patrol18
Commonly Used Technology in Civil Air Patrol
  • Usual Stuff
  • Video Scanning Equipment
  • Emergency Location Transmitters
  • Applications of Search Theory
search theory applied to sar
Search Theory Applied to SAR
  • Terms
    • POD (Probability of Detection)
    • POA (Probability of Area)
    • POS (Probability of Success)
    • ROW (Rest of World)
casie
CASIE

Computer Aided Search Information Exchange

  • Simplifies Search Theory Calculations
  • Adds other functions
    • Resource Optimization
    • Influence of Clues
  • Simple DOS Shell Program
conclusions
Conclusions

Technology is a very helpful aspect to Search and Rescue, but one must remember that at all times it is a tool to be used, not a crutch to depend on

Thanks to

1LT Mike Pienkosz, CTWG PAO

CAPT James Blessing, 103rd CC

MAJ Len Schindler, CTWG PAP

http://www.math.arizona.edu/~dsl/casie/casie.htm

http://www.ctwg.cap.gov/

http://www.capnhq.gov/

slide24

Technology in

Search and Rescue Efforts

Michael Schenk

1LT. SCCS, CTWG, CAP