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Technology in Search and Rescue Efforts General Overview What is Civil Air Patrol? Emergency Services Technology Used/Being Implemented Video Scan Equipment Emergency Location Transmitters Search Theory applied to SAR Conclusions What is Civil Air Patrol

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Technology in

Search and Rescue Efforts


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General Overview

  • What is Civil Air Patrol?

  • Emergency Services

  • Technology Used/Being Implemented

    • Video Scan Equipment

    • Emergency Location Transmitters

    • Search Theory applied to SAR

  • Conclusions


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What is Civil Air Patrol

  • Official Auxiliary of the US Air Force

  • Made up of Civilian Volunteers

    • Created Dec. 1, 1941

      • Performed SAR, Coastal Patrols, and other functions for War Department

    • July 1, 1946, President Truman incorporated CAP as a benevolent, nonprofit organization.

  • Personal Background Information

    • Member since 1992

    • Currently 1Lt. With GTM Rating, and about 100 hours of SAR training/actual missions



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CAP Resources

  • Aviation Assets

  • Ground Assets

  • Communications

  • Supplies & Equipment


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CAP Missions

  • Aerospace Education

  • Cadet Programs

  • Emergency Services

    • Reconnaissance

    • Counter drug

    • Transportation

    • DR

    • SAR


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Commonly Used Technology in Civil Air Patrol

  • Usual Stuff

  • Video Scanning Equipment

  • Emergency Location Transmitters

  • Applications of Search Theory


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The Usual Stuff

  • Databases for Paperwork

  • GPS/Map Programs

  • Communications

    • Cell Phones

    • Internet for Media Coverage

    • Laptop/PDA’s to transmit data to teams


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Commonly Used Technology in Civil Air Patrol

  • Usual Stuff

  • Video Scanning Equipment

  • Emergency Location Transmitters

  • Applications of Search Theory


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Video Scanning Equipment

  • Best use is in Disaster Relief

    • Floods, Train Wreck, Hurricanes

    • Plattsburgh Ice Storm

  • Issues and Obstacles

    • Weather Conditions

      • Altitude

    • Transmission Protocols

    • Matching up Pictures


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Connecticut Wing Evaluation 2001Housatonic River Photos


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Connecticut Wing Evaluation 2001Connecticut River Photos


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Commonly Used Technology in Civil Air Patrol

  • Usual Stuff

  • Video Scanning Equipment

  • Emergency Location Transmitters

  • Applications of Search Theory


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Emergency Location Transmitters

Emergency Location Transmitters

  • History

  • False Positives

  • Mirror Images/Tracking Issues


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Emergency Location Transmitters

Emergency Location Transmitters

  • History

  • False Positives

  • Mirror Images/Tracking Issues


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Target moving

Reported Crash

Flight Plan

Reported Overdue

Distance Math

Lat/Long.

Person Hiking

Heavily Wooded Area

Not required for Private Aircraft

No Family/Friends

Picking up Reflections

15-20 km accuracy

Possible Independent Tests for ELT Hits


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121.5 MHz ELT

Currently: 1/3 World

Analog Signal

Need Additional Info

15-20 km off

700 sq km

.1 Watt

$200 - $1500

406 MHz ELT

Global Coverage

Digital Signal

1st alert capable

2-5 km off

12.5 sq km (GPS)

5 watt

$750 - $3500

121.5 MHz. vs. 406 MHz.Transmitters


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Commonly Used Technology in Civil Air Patrol

  • Usual Stuff

  • Video Scanning Equipment

  • Emergency Location Transmitters

  • Applications of Search Theory


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Search Theory Applied to SAR

  • Terms

    • POD (Probability of Detection)

    • POA (Probability of Area)

    • POS (Probability of Success)

    • ROW (Rest of World)



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CASIE

Computer Aided Search Information Exchange

  • Simplifies Search Theory Calculations

  • Adds other functions

    • Resource Optimization

    • Influence of Clues

  • Simple DOS Shell Program


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Conclusions

Technology is a very helpful aspect to Search and Rescue, but one must remember that at all times it is a tool to be used, not a crutch to depend on

Thanks to

1LT Mike Pienkosz, CTWG PAO

CAPT James Blessing, 103rd CC

MAJ Len Schindler, CTWG PAP

http://www.math.arizona.edu/~dsl/casie/casie.htm

http://www.ctwg.cap.gov/

http://www.capnhq.gov/


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Technology in

Search and Rescue Efforts

Michael Schenk

1LT. SCCS, CTWG, CAP


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