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Meeting of the National Drug Observatories in the Caribbean. DRUG CONSUMPTION SITUATION IN THE CARIBBEAN. Pernell Clarke Coordinator of Information and Research for the Caribbean OID/CICAD Barbados, June 14 – 16, 2005. Summary. The Caribbean and Drugs Supply Statistics

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Meeting of the National Drug Observatories in the Caribbean

DRUG CONSUMPTION SITUATION IN THE CARIBBEAN

Pernell Clarke

Coordinator of Information and Research for the Caribbean

OID/CICAD

Barbados, June 14 – 16, 2005

summary
Summary
  • The Caribbean and Drugs
  • Supply Statistics
  • Consumption Statistics (School Surveys)
  • Emerging Trends
  • Discussion
supply statistics
Supply Statistics
  • The region continues to be an important trans-shipment area because of geography
  • Highest volume: Marijuana
  • The supply of cocaine from South American producers is declining
  • Designer drugs amphetamines, ecstasy etc are increasingly being trafficked
supply statistics5
Supply Statistics
  • Sources include:
    • Police Depts.
    • Prosecutors
    • Customs
    • Coast Guard
    • National Drug Observatories
  • Data may include:
    • Production of illicit crops (land area under cultivation)
    • Drug Seizures (quantities in lbs, kgs.)
    • Seizures of chemical precursors (types and quantities)
    • Labs Discovered
    • Persons arrested for drug crimes
consumption statistics
Consumption Statistics
  • General Population Surveys
  • School Surveys
  • Treatment Centres
  • Emergency Rooms
  • Prisoners
  • Street Children
  • Key Informants
current world situation
Current world situation

Source: UNODC 2004 Report

OID-CICAD / OAS

other variables
Other Variables
  • Frequency of use
  • Mode of Use
  • Demographic
  • Family background, living conditions, social status
  • KAPB
  • Deviance (besides drug use), school performance, etc
trend data the next frontier
Trend Data….the next frontier
  • Assessing changes in drug use (types of drugs, direction of change, rate of change)
  • Assessing the changes in Users (age of first use, frequency of use, reasons for use, characteristics of users)
  • Determining risk factors (Are they the same? Are there new ones? Is the order of importance changing?)
  • Evaluation (Impact of interventions, treatment, supply reduction etc)*

*Must be carefully done. The use of a control group will usually present a better scientific evaluation, but this is not always feasible.

recap
Recap
  • Supply: Marijuana, cocaine, designer drugs
  • Supply statistics are available from many sources. Need to screen for quality and consistency
  • Demand: Alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, ecstasy??
  • Consumption surveys (secondary schools) need to be done at least every two years if we are to scientifically identify trends.