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Social Interaction Functions. Making Conversations Work. COHERENCE. Interpretive Strategies Etc. Principal : Willingness to fill in the meaning of ambiguous language Assumption of Relevance : assume what is said is relevant to what has been said before

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social interaction functions

Social Interaction Functions

Making Conversations Work

coherence
COHERENCE
  • Interpretive Strategies
  • Etc. Principal: Willingness to fill in the meaning of ambiguous language
  • Assumption of Relevance: assume what is said is relevant to what has been said before
  • Retrospective-Prospective Sense of Occurrence: use of present or future utterances to interpret past or present remarks
  • Role Taking: mentally take the others position
local management of talk
Local Management of Talk
  • “Elementary Devices”
  • Turn taking, reference to previous statements, paraphrases, conjunctions
  • Alignment Moves
      • Motive talk: “Now the reason Why I did that . . .”
      • Disclaimers: “I haven’t read much in that area but .”
      • Accounts: “I did poorly on the exam but you see my roommate ... “ (power, rights, obligation, situation)
  • Structuring Moves
      • Quid Pro Quo: make concession to gain compliance
      • Change Procedure: “We’ll bring it up later…”
      • Fractionation: Break into workable segments
continuity and coherence
Continuity and Coherence
  • Link to previous utterance - seen as competent
    • extend theme, global topic best
    • event extensions when ambiguous
  • Synchrony Occurs in
    • Vocal parameters (duration, speech latencies, articulation rate, precision, accent, rate)
    • interacts with judgments (attraction, stuttering, perceived warmth, expectations, perceived intelligence, perceived competence, perceived agreement)
    • Within an individual (Body movements)
    • Between speaker and listener
    • Content Synchrony
intimacy
Intimacy:
  • Close interpersonal distances
  • Reciprocal touch
  • Direct body orientation
  • Mutual gaze
  • Forward lean
  • Postural openness
  • Verbal intimacy
  • Personal resource exchange
  • Facial Expressiveness
reinforcement positive
Reinforcement(positive)
  • Direct body orientation
  • Speech convergence
  • Positive head nods
  • Postural convergence
  • Friendly touch
  • Gestural convergence
  • Positive back-channel responses
  • Reciprocal self-disclosures
  • Praise; Smiles
  • Gaze at the other
  • Relatively long talk duration
impression management
Impression Management
  • Moderate to fast speech rates
  • Speech convergence
    • Moderate to long talk duration
  • Smiles, Forward lean
  • Positive head nods
  • Appropriate self-disclosure
  • Few and brief pauses (unless topic is highly intimate)
  • Speech with little or few disfluencies
  • Prestigious or similar (to the interlocutor) Accents, Gestures; Lexical diversity
control
Control
  • Turn-yielding cues
    • Terminate Gestures
    • Completion of a grammatical clause
    • Sociocentric sequences such as “you know” and “but-ah”
    • Decrease in pitch or loudness at end of sociocentric sequence
    • Prolonging the last syllable in a clause
    • Change in pitch of the last work of a clause
    • Asking a Question
    • Turn suppressing cues
control cont
Control,Cont.
  • Turn Taking Sequences
    • Head shifts away from the speaker
    • Gesturing
    • Overloudness of Speech
    • Audible Inhalation
persuasion
Persuasion
  • Gazing at target
  • Lexical diversity
  • Increasing loudness
  • Dialect similarity
  • Moderate to fast speech rates
  • Gestural matching
  • Facial expressiveness
dominance and power
Dominance and Power:
  • Gazing at listener when talking
  • Interruption
  • Gazing away while listening
  • Long floorholding
  • Non-reciprocal touch
  • Lexical style shifts
  • Lack of facial expressiveness
  • Moderately loud speech (when vying for dominance)
  • Relaxed Posture
  • Control-acquiescence speech act sequences