social interaction n.
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SOCIAL INTERACTION. Social interaction - emphasizes how people react when in the presence others. Social structure - patterned relationship between people that persist over time. Status refers to the position that an individual occupies.

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social interaction
SOCIAL INTERACTION
  • Social interaction - emphasizes how people react when in the presence others.
  • Social structure - patterned relationship between people that persist over time.
  • Status refers to the position that an individual occupies.
  • Status set - all statuses a person holds at a given time.
slide2
Ascribed status-- assume involuntarily
  • Achieved status-- assume voluntarily
  • Master status -- has special importance for social identity
  • Role - behavior, obligations, and privileges attached to a status.
  • Role set – A single status has several roles
slide3
Role conflict—conflict among roles corresponding to two or more statuses.
  • Role strain -- incompatibility among roles corresponding to a single status.
  • Role exit -- process by which people disengage from social roles.
  • Social construction of reality -- process of creatively shaping reality through social interaction.
dramaturgical approach
DRAMATURGICAL APPROACH
  • Dramaturgical approach hold that social interaction follows familiar, predictable cultural scripts.
  • Erving Goffman main authority in this field. Saw life as series of improvisational plays or skits.
  • Impression management --peoples’ efforts to control what others think about them.
slide5
Frontstage and Backstage

Frontstage -here people are required to play their roles with all the skills they have.

Backstage - “decompression” zone.

ethnomethodology
ETHNOMETHODOLOGY
  • Refers to ways in which people create order through everyday interactions.
  • BREECHING EXPERIMENTS establishes the power of culture and unstated norms.
slide7
Example: interpret this casual greeting

Acquaintance:[waving cheerily] How are you?

Student: How am I in regard to what? My health, my finances, my school work, my peace of mind, my….?

Acquaintance:[red in the face and suddenly out of control] Look! I was just trying to be polite. Frankly, I don’t give a damn how you are.