From 0 to 100 in 8 seconds: how to successfully improve your career David Groneberg Institute of Occupational Medicine Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin Freie Universität & Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Career: What do we mean? Career: Is a term defined by the Oxford English Dictionary as an individual's "course or progress through life (or a distinct portion of life)". It usually is considered to pertain to remunerative work (and sometimes also formal education).
Career in which field: Allergy and Clinical Immunology
An individual's "course or progress through life (or a distinct portion of life)" Allergy and Clinical Immunology Dermatology ENT Respiratory Medicine Immunology Pediatrics Rheumatology Occupational Medicine
An individual's "course or progress through life (or a distinct portion of life)"
….. Internal Pediatrics Dermatology …. ….. Pneumology Rheumatology Immunology …. ….. University Big Hospital Small Hospital Practice Director Head Physician Scientist Male Female An individual's "course or progress through life (or a distinct portion of life)" Surgical Conservative ENT One Europe – but different national pathways …
An individual's "course or progress through life (or a distinct portion of life)" Surgical Conservative 1 100 careers 2 3 90 10 80 20 70 30 60 40 50 > 100 careers in allergy and clinical immunology
Nobel Prize Peter C. Doherty Rolf M. Zinkernagel EAACI President R. Gerth van Wijk Ulrich Wahn Full Professor … Senior Scientist … Head Physician … Career in Allergy and Immunology ?
Nobel Prize Peter C. Doherty Rolf M. Zinkernagel Tips: You want to win the Nobel Prize ? • No advice from my side. • It is not enough to publish in Nature, Science and Cell. • I.e. ask Rolf Zinkernagel. • Good luck.
EAACI President R. Gerth van Wijk Ulrich Wahn Tips: You want to become EAACI President ? • Again, no advice from my side. • It is not enough to publish in the Lancet, JACI, Allergy … • You need to be a good clinician, a good scientist, a good politician and a diplomate. • Good luck.
Full Professor … Tips: You want to become a Professor ? • There is no formula • Field of allergology? • Clinical professor ? • Basic science professor ? • You need to be a good clinician, a good scientist, • > How to become a good clinician?
Head Physician … Tips: You want to become a good clinician ? • Field of allergology? • Hospital size? • Who is the supervisor? • Additional research possible? • Training programs of EAACI • Big hospital • > clinical or basic research possible • Smaller hospital • > clinical research / reviews / case reports ? You
Senior Scientist … Tips: You want to become a good scientist ? • Field of allergology? • Institution type? • University department size ? • Who is the supervisor? • How are future prospects ? • 1. High scientific quality • > high risk of failure of experiments but … • 2. Lower scientific quality • > Easier way to get to results but … ? You
General tips: Age ? The younger the better … but …
Imagine: • You want to win the Nobel Prize for DNA research. • But you are already 40 and you did Amino Acid research for all of your life. Tip: The younger the better Conclusion: You never get the Nobel Prize … but …
Amino Acid research until the age of 40 years (1960) Nobel Prize (Insulin structure) DNA research until the age of 62 years (1980) Nobel Prize for DNA research He retired when he was 65. Conclusion: It is never too late
„Previously I had not had much interest in nucleic acids. I used to go to Gordon Conferences on Protein and Nucleic Acids when the two subjects were bracketed together, and would sit through the nucleic acid talks waiting to get back to proteins. However, with people like Francis Crick around, it was difficult to ignore nucleic acids or to fail to realize the importance of sequencing them.“ Listen to other people Thinking, talking, doing. Usefull citations from Frederick Sanger „Of the three main activities involved in scientific research, thinking, talking, and doing, I much prefer the last and am probably best at it. I am all right at the thinking, but not much good at the talking.“ * 13. August 1918 in Rendcombe, UK
Thinking, talking, doing. Without being a good “thinker“, > it is nearly impossible planing, writing, (…) Without being a good “talker“, > it is extremely difficult Presentation of data Convincing people (…) Without being a good “doer“, > it is difficult in the beginning Treating patients Doing lab experiments (…)
i.e. San Francisco i.e. Ghent Ciliated Epithelium Serous Cell Clara-Cell Neuroendocrine Cell Transitional Cell Goblet Cell Lumen Epithelial Subepithelial > 40 centers in Europe i.e. London i.e. Rotterdam i.e. Vienna i.e. South Hampton i.e. Berlin i.e. Gotenborg i.e. Davos i.e. Leuven Neuron Gland Endothelium Chondrocyte Smooth Muscle Cell Vessel Smooth Muscle Cell Airway Fibroblast
Database analysis of EAACI meetings Three Meetings: 2001, 2006 & 2007
What country? You can start a career from almost every European country