Europe in The 17 th Century. The Age of Reason, Enlightenment, Scientific Revolution, Neo-Classicism, and Global Trade. The Scientific Revolution. Emphasis on experimentation and inductive reasoning Scientific Method New methods of observation: the microscope and the telescope
The Age of Reason, Enlightenment, Scientific Revolution,Neo-Classicism, and Global Trade
A replica of Isaac Newton's telescope of 1672.
Copernicus, Portrait from Toruń, 1580
Godfrey Kneller's Sir Isaac Newton at 46
René Descartes. Portrait by Frans Hals, 1648
Gin Lane (1751). Etching and Engraving by William Hogarth. The New York Public Library.
Prince of Wales
Mary “Perdita” Robinson
Duchess of Devonshire
Vauxhall Gardens (1784). A drawing by Thomas Rowlandson. Victoria and Albert Royal Museum.
Addison and SteeleThe Spectator
A London coffeehouse. The British Museum
A reading of Molière, Jean François de Troy, ca. 1728
G. P. Pannini assembles the canon of Roman ruins and Roman sculpture into one vast imaginary gallery (1756)
Louis Michel van Loo Portrait of Diderot
J. S. Muller after Samuel Wale, A General Prospect of Vaux Hall Gardens Shewing at one View the disposition of the whole Gardens (after 1751).
The Laughing Audience (1733). Etching and engraving by William Hogarth. The New York Public Library
Most of his tragedies are based on classical themes and tragedies
Considered the master of the Alexandrine line
Major works:Andromaque (1667) Britannicus(1669) Bérénice (1670) Iphigénie (1674) Phèdre (1677)Jean Racine1639-1699
Comedy of Manners
Satirical of social mores
Marriage and moneyEnglish Restoration Theatre
Painting of the interior of the Drury Lane Theater. Thomas Rowlandson. The British Library.
The Rise of the Middle Class
Frost Fair on the
Center for Chinesetraders
Potosi Silver Mine
Model: Antoine Van Leeuwenhoek?
Genre painting – science embodied in astronomy
The Celestial Globe
The pre-eminence of Holland in Global Trade: The Dutch East Indies Co.
Warehouse of the Dutch East India Company
Delft China 18th Century, Companie Des Indes
Dutch Silver Ducat
Self Portrait, 1577
Still Life, n.d.
Self-Portrait as a Female Martyr, c. 1615
A Game of Cards
Her husband, Charles gave up his occupation in the Patents Office to join her in her studio to prepare her canvases and mix her paints.
Self-Portrait, ca. 1660
“This year's (1994) Traditional Holiday stamp is the first to depict the work of a woman artist. ElisabettaSirani'sVirgin & Child was chosen for the stamp. An artist of international renown, Sirani created 190 pieces during the 1660s, a time when there were very few women artists. She established a painting school for women in her early twenties and was so beloved in her native Bologna that the entire city went into mourning when she died at age twenty-seven. Her depiction of the Virgin and child has been admired both for its technical mastery and for its tenderness.”
Virgin and Child, 1663 ElisabettaSirani