American Life in the 17 th Century. Life in the Chesapeake. Location: Maryland and Virginia area Disease: typhoid, dysentery, malaria Life span: 40 to 50 years Family Life: Men outnumbered the women (6:1) 1/3 of women are pregnant on their wedding day Tobacco Economy: Exports rose from
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1.5 million pounds of tobacco annually in the 1630s to 40 million pounds in 1700
Problem: Production increases – prices fall
Solution: keep planting and producing
Purpose: growth for the Chesapeake Area
Aristocrat (rich) sponsors an indentured servant to America, that aristocrat earns the right to purchase 50 acres of land
PROBLEM: Rich are gobbling up the land….poor people are left out!
Remember: indentured servants vs. African slaves
1676 – 1,000 man revolt
against Governor William Berkeley
Governor Berkeley: great relationship with the Native Americans (fur-trading)
Goal of Bacon’s Rebellion: LAND FROM INDIANS
End of Rebellion: Bacon dies of disease and Governor Berkeley takes over and crushes the rebellious tide.
Psychological legacy: lingering fear of revolt and lawlessness in the minds of the upper class.
1670 – 1680s – African American slaves made up 7% of Southern population
Reference: MIDDLE PASSAGE (WEST AFRICA TO WEST INDIES) = seasoning of slaves while in West Indies
Largest import cities: Charleston, SC and Newport, RI
(1) FFV’s: (Virginia) land owners / strong voice in the House of Burgesses (fairness?) Nicknamed the FFV’s (First Families of Virginia)
(2) Small Farmers: largest social groups / owned small plots of land and owned 1 – 2 slaves
(3) Landless Whites: freed indentured servants
(4) Slaves: no rights and no hope of gaining any
Remember: Urban Sprawl DID NOT occur – Why?
(compare to South)
Characteristics: structured and ordered
(town squares, churches, homes, shops….)
Most Valued: EDUCATION
Lower populated areas: primary schools
Higher populated areas: secondary schools
HARVARD COLLEGE: 1636 – America’s OLDEST college
Main motivation: train men for the ministry
Church connection: a church would give an understanding of self-government….feeds into society
Jeremiad: a stern, old-fashioned scolding
Paradox: Puritan leaders and preachers began to loosen their grip on church membership =
*Half-way status with the church
17th century society saw everything through religious eyes so…..
In 1692, a few girls claimed to have been bewitched by a Caribbean woman practicing voodoo.
Names were named, rumors spread, and innocent people were accused of being witches.
Hysteria took hold and twenty people were
By 1693, the Salem residents saw the
recklessness for what it was and called it off.
Result: less ethnically diverse than South
Major Industry: Fishing! (God and Cod)
Assignment: Read p. 74 and 75 to come up with a well-rounded response to the following question
*Essential Question: Evaluate how African men and women continued to have a deep cultural tie to their Motherland, and how African culture influenced the social makeup of America.
Length: ½ page (due today)
*Please do not rewrite what you read / make sure you answer the actual question
(E) Economic, (S) Social, (P) Political, and the
(N) Environmental issues and themes of each area of Colonial America.
DO NOT be afraid to draw upon what you already know.
Purple paper up frontfor gridding