Conjugating a First Conjugation Verb - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Conjugating a First Conjugation Verb

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  1. Conjugating a First Conjugation Verb amo amare amavi amatus

  2. All About Verbs Each verb has 4 principal parts amo amare amavi amatus First Person Singular Present ActiveI love Present active Infinitive To love First Person SingularPerfect ActiveI have loved Perfect Passive ParticipleHaving been loved

  3. Finding the Present Stem Find the second principal part of the verb. amo amare amavi amatus The present stem is the second principal part – re. amare - re = ama

  4. Present Active Tense The present active tense = Present Stem + Present Active Endings Singular Plural First Person mus we o I tis you Second Person you s he, she,it nt they Third Person t Present Active Endings

  5. I loveI am lovingI do love First Person We loveWe are lovingWe do love Am o Ama mus Second Person You loveYou are lovingYou do love You loveYou are lovingYou do love Ama tis Ama s He lovesHe is lovingHe does love Third Person They loveThey are lovingThey do love Ama t Ama nt Present Active

  6. Present Passive Tense The present passive tense = Present Stem + Present Passive Endings Singular Plural First Person mur we or I mini you Second Person you ris he, she,it ntur they Third Person tur Present Passive Endings

  7. I am loved First Person We are loved Am or Ama mur Second Person You are loved Ama mini Ama ris You are loved He is loved Third Person They are loved Ama tur Ama ntur Present Passive

  8. Imperfect Tense Present Stem + BA + Present Endings Imperfect Active Imperfect Passive Ama ba m I loved Ama ba r I was loved Ama ba s You loved Ama ba ris You were loved He loved Ama ba tur He was loved Ama ba t We loved Ama ba mur We were loved Ama ba mus You loved Ama ba mini You were loved Ama ba tis They were loved They loved Ama ba ntur Ama ba nt

  9. Future Tense Present Stem + Bi + Present Endings Future Active Future Passive I will love Ama b o Ama bo r I will be loved Ama bi s You will love Ama be ris You will be loved He will love Ama bi tur He will be loved Ama bi t We will love Ama bi mur We will be loved Ama bi mus You will love Ama bi mini You will be loved Ama bi tis They will be loved They will love Ama bu ntur Ama bu nt

  10. Finding the Perfect Stem Find the third principal part of the verb. amo amare amavi amatus The perfect stem is the third principal part – i. amavi - i = amav

  11. Perfect Active Tense The Perfect Active Tense = Perfect Stem + Perfect Active Endings Singular Plural First Person imus we i I istis you Second Person you isti he, she,it erunt they Third Person it Perfect Active Endings

  12. First Person Amav i I lovedI have lovedI did love Amav imus We lovedWe have lovedWe did love You lovedYou have lovedYou did love Second Person Amav istis Amav isti You lovedYou have lovedYou did love Third Person Amav it Amav erunt They lovedThey have lovedThey did love He lovedHe has lovedHe did love Perfect Active

  13. Pluperfect Active Tense Perfect Stem + era + Present Endings Pluperfect Active Amav era m I had loved Amav era s You had loved Amav era t He had loved Amav era mus We had loved You had loved Amav era tis Amav era nt They had loved

  14. Future Perfect Active Tense Perfect Stem + eri + Present Endings Future Perfect Active Amav er o I will have loved Amav eri s You will have loved Amav eri t He will have loved Amav eri mus We will have loved You will have loved Amav eri tis They will have loved Amav eri nt

  15. Perfect Passive System 1. Uses the fourth principal part which is called the perfect passive participle (PPP). amo, amare, amavi, amatus. -a. -um 2. The perfect passive participle (PPP) is a verbal adjective and must agree with the subject of the sentence. If the subject is puella (feminine singular), the PPP will be amata. If the subject is puellae (feminine plural), the PPP will be amatae. If the subject is vir (masculine singular), the PPP will be amatus. If the subject is viri (masculine plural), the PPP will be amati. If the subject is oppidum (neuter singular), the PPP will be amatum. If the subject is oppida (neuter plural), the PPP will be amata.

  16. Perfect Passive Tense PPP + Present Tense of Sum Perfect Passive Amatus – a - um sum I have been loved Amatus – a - um es You have been loved Amatus –a -um est He has been loved Amati –ae -a sumus We have been loved You have been loved Amati –ae –a estis They have been loved Amati – ae -a sunt

  17. Pluperfect Passive Tense PPP + imperfect Tense of Sum Pluperfect Passive Amatus – a - um eram I had been loved Amatus – a - um eras You had been loved Amatus –a -um erat He had been loved Amati –ae -a eramus We had been loved You had been loved Amati –ae –a eratis They had been loved Amati – ae -a erant

  18. Future Perfect Passive Tense PPP + Future Tense of Sum Future Perfect PassiveTense Amatus – a - um ero I will have been loved Amatus – a - um eris You will have been loved Amatus –a -um erit He will have been loved Amati –ae -a erimus We will have been loved You will have been loved Amati –ae –a eritis They will have been loved Amati – ae -a erunt

  19. The ______________ tense does not use the present stem. a. Future b. Past Perfect c. Imperfect d. Present next

  20. Portare is the ______________ principal part of the word. a. First b. Second c. Third d. Fourth next

  21. Portavisti can be translated _____________ a. You have carried b. You were carried c. You are carrying d. You will carry next

  22. Donata est can be translated _____________ a. She had been given b. She is given c. She has been given d. She will have been given

  23. Finis