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Conjugating a First Conjugation Verb. amo amare amavi amatus. All About Verbs Each verb has 4 principal parts . amo. amare. amavi. amatus. First Person Singular Present Active I love. Present active Infinitive To love. First Person Singular Perfect Active I have loved .

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slide2

All About Verbs

Each verb has 4 principal parts

amo

amare

amavi

amatus

First Person Singular Present ActiveI love

Present active

Infinitive

To love

First Person SingularPerfect ActiveI have loved

Perfect Passive ParticipleHaving been loved

slide3

Finding the Present Stem

Find the second principal part of the verb.

amo

amare

amavi

amatus

The present stem is the second principal part – re.

amare

- re

=

ama

slide4

Present Active Tense

The present active tense = Present Stem + Present Active Endings

Singular

Plural

First Person

mus

we

o

I

tis

you

Second Person

you

s

he, she,it

nt

they

Third Person

t

Present Active Endings

slide5

I loveI am lovingI do love

First Person

We loveWe are lovingWe do love

Am

o

Ama

mus

Second

Person

You loveYou are lovingYou do love

You loveYou are lovingYou do love

Ama

tis

Ama

s

He lovesHe is lovingHe does love

Third Person

They loveThey are lovingThey do love

Ama

t

Ama

nt

Present Active

slide6

Present Passive Tense

The present passive tense = Present Stem + Present Passive Endings

Singular

Plural

First Person

mur

we

or

I

mini

you

Second Person

you

ris

he, she,it

ntur

they

Third Person

tur

Present Passive Endings

slide7

I am loved

First Person

We are loved

Am

or

Ama

mur

Second

Person

You are loved

Ama

mini

Ama

ris

You are loved

He is loved

Third Person

They are loved

Ama

tur

Ama

ntur

Present Passive

slide8

Imperfect Tense

Present Stem

+ BA

+ Present Endings

Imperfect Active

Imperfect Passive

Ama

ba

m

I loved

Ama

ba

r

I was loved

Ama

ba

s

You loved

Ama

ba

ris

You were loved

He loved

Ama

ba

tur

He was loved

Ama

ba

t

We loved

Ama

ba

mur

We were loved

Ama

ba

mus

You loved

Ama

ba

mini

You were loved

Ama

ba

tis

They were loved

They loved

Ama

ba

ntur

Ama

ba

nt

slide9

Future Tense

Present Stem

+ Bi

+ Present Endings

Future Active

Future Passive

I will love

Ama

b

o

Ama

bo

r

I will be loved

Ama

bi

s

You will love

Ama

be

ris

You will be loved

He will love

Ama

bi

tur

He will be loved

Ama

bi

t

We will love

Ama

bi

mur

We will be loved

Ama

bi

mus

You will love

Ama

bi

mini

You will be loved

Ama

bi

tis

They will be loved

They will love

Ama

bu

ntur

Ama

bu

nt

slide10

Finding the Perfect Stem

Find the third principal part of the verb.

amo

amare

amavi

amatus

The perfect stem is the third principal part – i.

amavi

- i

=

amav

slide11

Perfect Active Tense

The Perfect Active Tense = Perfect Stem + Perfect Active Endings

Singular

Plural

First Person

imus

we

i

I

istis

you

Second Person

you

isti

he, she,it

erunt

they

Third Person

it

Perfect Active Endings

slide12

First Person

Amav

i

I lovedI have lovedI did love

Amav

imus

We lovedWe have lovedWe did love

You lovedYou have lovedYou did love

Second

Person

Amav

istis

Amav

isti

You lovedYou have lovedYou did love

Third Person

Amav

it

Amav

erunt

They lovedThey have lovedThey did love

He lovedHe has lovedHe did love

Perfect Active

slide13

Pluperfect Active Tense

Perfect Stem

+ era

+ Present Endings

Pluperfect Active

Amav

era

m

I had loved

Amav

era

s

You had loved

Amav

era

t

He had loved

Amav

era

mus

We had loved

You had loved

Amav

era

tis

Amav

era

nt

They had loved

slide14

Future Perfect Active Tense

Perfect Stem

+ eri

+ Present Endings

Future Perfect Active

Amav

er

o

I will have loved

Amav

eri

s

You will have loved

Amav

eri

t

He will have loved

Amav

eri

mus

We will have loved

You will have loved

Amav

eri

tis

They will have loved

Amav

eri

nt

slide15

Perfect Passive System

1. Uses the fourth principal part which is called the perfect passive participle (PPP).

amo, amare, amavi, amatus. -a. -um

2. The perfect passive participle (PPP) is a verbal adjective and must agree with the subject of the sentence.

If the subject is puella (feminine singular), the PPP will be amata.

If the subject is puellae (feminine plural), the PPP will be amatae.

If the subject is vir (masculine singular), the PPP will be amatus.

If the subject is viri (masculine plural), the PPP will be amati.

If the subject is oppidum (neuter singular), the PPP will be amatum.

If the subject is oppida (neuter plural), the PPP will be amata.

slide16

Perfect Passive Tense

PPP

+ Present Tense of Sum

Perfect Passive

Amatus – a - um

sum

I have been loved

Amatus – a - um

es

You have been loved

Amatus –a -um

est

He has been loved

Amati –ae -a

sumus

We have been loved

You have been loved

Amati –ae –a

estis

They have been loved

Amati – ae -a

sunt

slide17

Pluperfect Passive Tense

PPP

+ imperfect Tense of Sum

Pluperfect Passive

Amatus – a - um

eram

I had been loved

Amatus – a - um

eras

You had been loved

Amatus –a -um

erat

He had been loved

Amati –ae -a

eramus

We had been loved

You had been loved

Amati –ae –a

eratis

They had been loved

Amati – ae -a

erant

slide18

Future Perfect Passive Tense

PPP

+ Future Tense of Sum

Future Perfect PassiveTense

Amatus – a - um

ero

I will have been loved

Amatus – a - um

eris

You will have been loved

Amatus –a -um

erit

He will have been loved

Amati –ae -a

erimus

We will have been loved

You will have been loved

Amati –ae –a

eritis

They will have been loved

Amati – ae -a

erunt

slide19

The ______________ tense does not use the present stem.

a. Future

b. Past Perfect

c. Imperfect

d. Present

next

slide20

Portare is the ______________ principal part of the word.

a. First

b. Second

c. Third

d. Fourth

next

slide21

Portavisti can be translated _____________

a. You have carried

b. You were carried

c. You are carrying

d. You will carry

next

slide22

Donata est can be translated _____________

a. She had been given

b. She is given

c. She has been given

d. She will have been given