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Conjugating a Fourth Conjugation Verb. audio audire audivi auditus. All About Verbs Each verb has 4 principal parts . audio. audire. audivi. auditus. First Person Singular Present Active I hear. Present active Infinitive To hear. First Person Singular Perfect Active I have heard .

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conjugating a fourth conjugation verb

Conjugating a Fourth Conjugation Verb

audio audire audivi auditus

slide2

All About Verbs

Each verb has 4 principal parts

audio

audire

audivi

auditus

First Person Singular Present ActiveI hear

Present active

Infinitive

To hear

First Person SingularPerfect ActiveI have heard

Perfect Passive ParticipleHaving been heard

slide3

Finding the Present Stem

Find the second principal part of the verb.

audio

audire

audivi

auditus

The present stem is the second principal part – re.

audire

- re

=

audi

slide4

Present Active Tense

The present active tense = Present Stem + Present Active Endings

Singular

Plural

First Person

mus

we

o

I

tis

you

Second Person

you

s

he, she,it

nt

they

Third Person

t

Present Active Endings

slide5

Present Active

I hearI am hearingI do hear

First Person

We hearWe are hearingWe do hear

audi

o

audi

mus

Second

Person

You hearYou are hearingYou do hear

You hearYou are hearingYou do hear

audi

tis

audi

s

He hearsHe is hearingHe does hear

Third Person

They hearThey are hearingThey do hear

audi

t

audiu

nt

Nota Bene: There is a “u” in the third person plural.

slide6

Present Passive Tense

The present passive tense = Present Stem + Present Passive Endings

Singular

Plural

First Person

mur

we

or

I

mini

you

Second Person

you

ris

he, she,it

ntur

they

Third Person

tur

Present Passive Endings

slide7

Present Passive

We are heard

I am heard

First Person

audi

or

audi

mur

Second

Person

You are heard

audi

mini

audi

ris

You are heard

He is heard

They are heard

Third Person

audi

tur

audiu

ntur

Nota Bene: There is a u in the third person plural.

slide8

Imperfect Tense

Present Stem

+ BA

+ Present Endings

Nota Bene: In the imperfect an “e” is inserted before the “ba”

Imperfect Active

Imperfect Passive

audie

ba

m

I heard

audie

ba

r

I was heard

audie

ba

s

You heard

audie

ba

ris

You were heard

He heard

audie

ba

tur

He was heard

audie

ba

t

We heard

audie

ba

mur

We were heard

audie

ba

mus

You heard

audie

ba

mini

You were heard

audie

ba

tis

They were heard

They heard

audie

ba

ntur

audie

ba

nt

slide9

Future Tense

Present Stem

+ e

+ Present Endings

Nota Bene: In the first person singular a replaces the e.

Future Active

Future Passive

I will hear

audi

a

m

audi

a

r

I will be heard

audi

e

s

You will hear

audi

e

ris

You will be heard

He will hear

audi

e

tur

He will be heard

audi

e

t

We will hear

audi

e

mur

We will be heard

audi

e

mus

You will hear

audi

e

mini

You will be heard

audi

e

tis

They will hear

audi

e

ntur

audi

e

nt

They will be heard

slide10

Finding the Perfect Stem

Find the third principal part of the verb.

audio

audire

audivi

auditus

The perfect stem is the third principal part – i.

audivi

- i

=

audiv

slide11

Perfect Active Tense

The Perfect Active Tense = Perfect Stem + Perfect Active Endings

Singular

Plural

First Person

imus

we

i

I

istis

you

Second Person

you

isti

he, she,it

erunt

they

Third Person

it

Perfect Active Endings

slide12

First Person

audiv

i

I heardI have heardI did hear

audiv

imus

We heardWe have heardWe did hear

You heardYou have heardYou did hear

Second

Person

audiv

istis

audiv

isti

You heardYou have heardYou did hear

Third Person

audiv

it

audiv

erunt

They I heardThey have heardThey did hear

He heardHe has heardHe did hear

Perfect Active

slide13

Pluperfect Active Tense

Perfect Stem

+ era

+ Present Endings

Pluperfect Active

audiv

era

m

I had heard

audiv

era

s

You had heard

audiv

era

t

He had heard

audiv

era

mus

We had heard

You had heard

audiv

era

tis

audiv

era

nt

They had heard

slide14

Future Perfect Active Tense

Perfect Stem

+ eri

+ Present Endings

Future Perfect Active

audiv

er

o

I will have heard

audiv

eri

s

You will have heard

audiv

eri

t

He will have heard

audiv

eri

mus

We will have heard

audiv

eri

tis

You will have heard

audiv

eri

nt

They will have heard

slide15

Perfect Passive System

1. Uses the fourth principal part which is called the perfect passive participle (PPP).

audio, audire, audivi, auditus. -a. -um

2. The perfect passive participle (PPP) is a verbal adjective and must agree with the subject of the sentence.

If the subject is puella (feminine singular), the PPP will be audita.

If the subject is puellae (feminine plural), the PPP will be auditae.

If the subject is vir (masculine singular), the PPP will be auditus.

If the subject is viri (masculine plural), the PPP will be auditi.

If the subject is oppidum (neuter singular), the PPP will be auditum.

If the subject is oppida (neuter plural), the PPP will be audita.

slide16

Perfect Passive Tense

PPP

+ Present Tense of Sum

Perfect Passive

Auditus – a - um

sum

I have been heard

Auditus – a - um

es

You have been heard

Auditus –a -um

est

He has been heard

Auditi –ae -a

sumus

We have been heard

You have been heard

Auditi –ae –a

estis

They have been heard

Auditi – ae -a

sunt

slide17

Pluperfect Passive Tense

PPP

+ Imperfect Tense of Sum

Pluperfect Passive

auditus – a - um

eram

I had been heard

auditus – a - um

eras

You had been heard

auditus –a -um

erat

He had been heard

auditi –ae -a

eramus

We had been heard

You had been heard

auditi –ae –a

eratis

They had been heard

auditi – ae -a

erant

slide18

Future Perfect Passive Tense

PPP

+ Future Tense of Sum

Future Perfect PassiveTense

auditus – a - um

ero

I will have been heard

auditus – a - um

eris

You will have been heard

auditus –a -um

erit

He will have been heard

auditi –ae -a

erimus

We will have been heard

You will have been heard

auditi –ae –a

eritis

They will have been heard

auditi – ae -a

erunt

slide19

The ______________ tense does not use the present stem.

a. Future

b. Past Perfect

c. Imperfect

d. Present

next

slide20

Munire is the ______________ principal part of the word.

a. First

b. Second

c. Third

d. Fourth

next

slide21

Munivisti can be translated _____________

a. You have fortified

b. You were fortified

c. You are fortifying

d. You will fortify

next

slide22

Munita est can be translated _____________

a. She had been fortified

b. She is fortified

c. She has been fortified

d. She will have been fortified