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M&S Support for Cyber Defence. Bert Boltjes. Agenda . Modelling, Simulation & Gaming Supporting Cyber Operations Tools & Projects Examples NATO Modelling & Simulation Group 117 Questions . Agenda . Modelling, Simulation & Gaming Supporting Cyber Operations Tools & Projects Examples

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agenda
BERT.BOLTJES@TNO.NL M&S Support for Cyber DefenceAgenda
  • Modelling, Simulation & Gaming Supporting Cyber Operations
  • Tools & Projects Examples
  • NATO Modelling & Simulation Group 117
  • Questions
agenda1
BERT.BOLTJES@TNO.NL M&S Support for Cyber DefenceAgenda
  • Modelling, Simulation & Gaming Supporting Cyber Operations
  • Tools & Projects Examples
  • NATO Modelling & Simulation Group 117
  • Questions
our background
BERT.BOLTJES@TNO.NL M&S Support for Cyber DefenceOur background

Modelling, Simulation and Gaming:

  • Supporting of Ministry of Defence
  • Advanced Concept Development and Experimentation (ACE)

Cyber Security R&D – in support of:

  • Ministry of Defence
  • Ministry of Security and Justice
  • NATO
i ntegration in training models
BERT.BOLTJES@TNO.NL M&S Support for Cyber DefenceIntegration in training models
  • No detailed cyber modelling
  • Integrating possible effects of cyber ops in CD&E:
    • Reduced availability
    • Loss of integrity
    • Loss of information
  • Work in progress:
    • Vulnerability Situational Awareness Tools
    • Critical Infrastructure Protection Gaming:
        • Information from real and simulated systems
        • Lessons learned
        • Playing “What-if” Scenarios
agenda2
BERT.BOLTJES@TNO.NL M&S Support for Cyber DefenceAgenda
  • Modelling, Simulation & Gaming Supporting Cyber Operations
  • Tools & Projects Examples
  • NATO Modelling & Simulation Group 117
  • Questions
tno s cyber security e xpertise
BERT.BOLTJES@TNO.NL M&S Support for Cyber DefenceTNO’s Cyber Security Expertise
  • Historically defence-related R&D on information security
    • Knowledge applied to ‘high profile’ and complex organisations
    • Information assurance studies in support of MoD
    • Critical Infrastructure Protection
    • Vulnerability studies

hacker’s view

Cyber terrorism/ warfare

Cyber activism

Cyber crime

Cyber espionage

project example awareness trainer for cyber mod
BERT.BOLTJES@TNO.NL M&S Support for Cyber DefenceProject Example:Awareness trainer for Cyber – MoD
  • MoD: develop a demonstrator that will help raising the awareness level of the higher-ranked military personnel on Cyber
  • Result:
    • WIKI running on the MoDs network with hundreds of annotated relevant Cyber documents
    • e-learning package on the MoDs network
    • scenario packed with multimedia injects to train decision makers in a table-top simulation game
slide9
BERT.BOLTJES@TNO.NL M&S Support for Cyber DefenceTrack Record Critical Infrastructure Projects:Deliverables Useful for M&S of Cyber Induced Chain Effects
  • DESEREC (EU)
  • DIESIS (EU)
  • ACRIMAS (EU)
  • UrbanFlood (EU), Flood Control 2015 (NL)
  • Showcase Veilig Nederland / Secure Haven
agenda3
BERT.BOLTJES@TNO.NL M&S Support for Cyber DefenceAgenda
  • Modelling, Simulation & Gaming Supporting Cyber Operations
  • Tools & Projects Examples
  • NATO Modelling & Simulation Group 117
  • Questions
nato modelling simulation group 117 nmsg 117
BERT.BOLTJES@TNO.NL M&S Support for Cyber DefenceNATO Modelling & Simulation Group 117 (NMSG-117)

NATO Policy background,

Summit in Lisbon (November 2010):

  • NATO Heads of State and Government decided to enhance NATO’s cyber defence capabilities.

“Ensure NATO’s permanent and unfettered access to cyberspace and integrity of its critical systems”

nato modelling simulation group 117 nmsg 1171
BERT.BOLTJES@TNO.NL M&S Support for Cyber DefenceNATO Modelling & Simulation Group 117 (NMSG-117)

Objectives

  • Investigate and recommend what aspects of Cyber Defence can be supported with M&S.
  • Give support to the NATO Computer Incident Response Capability Next Generation (NCIRC NG)
  • Activity will focus on:
    • Education, training, exercise, evaluation.
    • Conops Development and their validation.
    • Cyber threat assessment, enhancingcyber capabilities,and technical solutions.
nato modelling simulation group 117 nmsg 1172
BERT.BOLTJES@TNO.NL M&S Support for Cyber DefenceNATO Modelling & Simulation Group 117 (NMSG-117)

Nations which have agreed to participate:

      • ACT (NATO),
      • CAN,
      • DEU,
      • GBR,
      • NIAG (Thales FR),
      • NLD
      • USA
  • Co-Chairs: Mrs Stella Croom-Johnson (GBR), Mrs Marieke Klaver (NLD / TNO).
  • Secretary: Mr Frank Jonat (DEU).
nato modelling simulation group 117 nmsg 1173
BERT.BOLTJES@TNO.NL M&S Support for Cyber DefenceNATO Modelling & Simulation Group 117 (NMSG-117)

Topics prioritized in the first meeting (September 2012):

  • Decision support system (model) including Course Of Action analysis
  • Cyber CAX and training programs, after action review and metrics for training effectiveness
  • Cyber awareness education for personnel
  • M&S environments, synthetic environments, standards, processes
nato modelling simulation group 117 nmsg 1174
BERT.BOLTJES@TNO.NL M&S Support for Cyber DefenceNATO Modelling & Simulation Group 117 (NMSG-117)

Upcoming events:

  • Second Task Group meeting (February 2013)
    • Development of Interpanel workshop programme
  • Interpanel workshop (San Diego, SISO,10 or 11-12 April 2013)

The interpanel workshop will be open for participation.

  • Will focus on the topics as prioritized by the TG.
  • The results of workshop will be in a interim technical report. Contact: scjohnson1@dstl.gov.uk
questions
BERT.BOLTJES@TNO.NL M&S Support for Cyber DefenceQuestions?

Bert.Boltjes@tno.nl

Marieke.Klaver@tno.nl

hacker’s view

Cyber terrorism/ warfare

Cyber activism

Cyber crime

Cyber espionage

tno test bed tools
BERT.BOLTJES@TNO.NL M&S Support for Cyber DefenceTNO Test-Bed Tools
  • ACE: Advanced Concept development & evaluation(CD&E) Environment.
  • Multi-Touch Tables for Situational Awareness
  • Building & Populating Virtual Worlds from SATCOM Imagery and with TNO’s SketchaWorld
  • Simulation of Communication Networks
  • Flooding & Evacuation modelling
  • TNO Publish/Subscribe Enterprise Bus
  • Integration of Simulators And Many More!
cyber and modelling and simulation
BERT.BOLTJES@TNO.NL M&S Support for Cyber DefenceCyber and modelling and simulation
  • Training and exercises
    • some examples
    • mostly table top exercises
    • education and training environment for MoD (work in progress)
  • Concept development and assessment
    • exploring the possibilities for cyber defence
  • Models in support of analysis
    • linked to Critical Infrastructure Protection
    • EU wide projects
m s for cyber models for analysis
BERT.BOLTJES@TNO.NL M&S Support for Cyber DefenceM&S for cyber: models for analysis
  • Exploring the role of models in
    • evaluating different modes of operation
    • exploring what-if scenario’s
  • Build on experience with modelling Critical infrastructures
    • build on past and current EU projects
  • Exploring the role of specialised model environments, e.g.
    • COTS environments targeted for cyber simulation
    • COTS environments for network simulation
  • Working towards a cyber test range
nato modelling simulation group 117 nmsg 1175

National Cyber Defence

BERT.BOLTJES@TNO.NL M&S Support for Cyber Defence

NATO Modelling & Simulation Group 117 (NMSG-117)

Dutch Policy Background

Dutch Cyber Security strategy (February 2011)

  • an integral approach by public and private parties.
  • intensify investigation and prosecution of cyber crime.
  • stimulate research and education.

Defence Cyber strategy - Ministry of Defence (June 2012)

  • strengthening the cyber defence of the Defence organisation
  • developing the military capability to conduct cyber operations
  • intensifying cooperation, both nationally and internationally
nato modelling simulation group 117 nmsg 1176
BERT.BOLTJES@TNO.NL M&S Support for Cyber DefenceNATO Modelling & Simulation Group 117 (NMSG-117)
  • Modelling and Simulation experience in research, analysis and training should be leveraged to assist in Cyber Defence capability.
  • NMSG-117 will inform and be exploited by national Cyber Defence initiatives.
  • Give support to the NATO Computer Incident Response Capability Next Generation (NCIRC NG)
  • NCIRC NG operational in 2020.
m s for cyber cd e
BERT.BOLTJES@TNO.NL M&S Support for Cyber DefenceM&S for cyber: CD&E

Experience

the Challenges

Develop Concept

for Solution

Refine Concept

for Solution

Complex

Situation

Implement

Solution

Experience brings change of mind-set

Change of mind-set brings a better solution faster

m s for cyber training and exercises
BERT.BOLTJES@TNO.NL M&S Support for Cyber DefenceM&S for cyber: training and exercises
  • Scenario exercises
    • both civil and military scenarios
    • mostly table top exercises
  • Some examples
    • national table top exercises on decision making process on large scale ICT incidents
    • cyber exercises at the EU level
    • awareness trainer – MoD