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The Prophets

Old Testament. The Prophets. © John Stevenson, 2009. English Old Testament. Pentateuch. Historical Books. Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1-2 Samuel, 1-2 Kings, 1-2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther. Poetic Books. Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon.

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The Prophets

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  1. Old Testament The Prophets © John Stevenson, 2009

  2. English Old Testament Pentateuch Historical Books Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1-2 Samuel, 1-2 Kings, 1-2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther Poetic Books Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy Prophetic Books Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi

  3. What is a Prophet? • They functioned as Preachers • They functioned as Predictors • Prophet versus Priest

  4. Isaiah The Old Testament Gospel

  5. The Bible Isaiah Old Testament: 39 Books New Testament: 27 Books Judgment: 39 Chapters Comfort: 27 Chapters Total Books: 66 Books Total: 66 Chapters

  6. God’s Government God’s Grace A throne (6:1) A lamb (53:6) Overview of Isaiah Chapters 1-35 Chapters 36-39 Chapters 40-66 Historical Interlude Glory in the Future The Judgment of God The Comfort of God Judgments in the Present Messiah the Judge Messiah the Servant

  7. The World of Isaiah’s Day

  8. Isaiah 1 A Microcosm of the Entire Book of Isaiah

  9. Isaiah 1:2-3 2 Listen, O heavens, and hear, O earth; For the LORD speaks, “Sons I have reared and brought up, But they have revolted against Me. 3 An ox knows its owner, And a donkey its master's manger, But Israel does not know, My people do not understand.”

  10. Isaiah 1:4 Literally “Seed of Evil Ones.” Alas, sinful nation, People weighed down with iniquity, Offspring of evildoers, Sons who act corruptly! They have abandoned the Lord, They have despised the Holy One of Israel, They have turned away from Him.

  11. Isaiah 1:10 Hear the word of the LORD, You rulers of Sodom; Give ear to the instruction of our God, You people of Gomorrah.

  12. Isaiah 1:11 "What are your multiplied sacrifices to Me?” says the LORD. "I have had enough of burnt offerings of rams, And the fat of fed cattle. And I take no pleasure in the blood of bulls, lambs, or goats.

  13. Isaiah 1:21 How the faithful city has become a harlot, She who was full of justice! Righteousness once lodged in her, But now murderers.

  14. Isaiah 1:26-27 26 Then I will restore your judges as at the first, And your counselors as at the beginning; After that you will be called the city of righteousness, A faithful city." 27 Zion will be redeemed with justice And her repentant ones with righteousness.

  15. Isaiah 6:1 In the year of King Uzziah’s death, I saw the Lord sitting on a throne, lofty and exalted, with the train of His robe filling the temple.

  16. Isaiah 6:2-4 Seraphim stood above Him, each having six wings; with two he covered his face, and with two he covered his feet, and with two he flew. 3 And one called out to another and said, “Holy, Holy, Holy, is the LORD of hosts, The whole earth is full of His glory.” 4 And the foundations of the thresholds trembled at the voice of him who called out, while the temple was filling with smoke.

  17. Isaiah 6:5 Then I said, “Woe is me, for I am ruined! Because I am a man of unclean lips, And I live among a people of unclean lips; For my eyes have seen the King, the LORD of hosts.”

  18. Isaiah 6:6-7 Then one of the seraphim flew to me, with a burning coal in his hand which he had taken from the altar with tongs. 7 And he touched my mouth with it and said, “Behold, this has touched your lips; and your iniquity is taken away, and your sin is forgiven.”

  19. Child Motif • Shear-jashub (Isaiah 7:3) • Immanu-el (Isaiah 7:14; 8:8) • Maher-shalal-hash-baz (Isaiah 8:3) • Isaiah’s children (Isaiah 8:18) • The Royal Child (Isaiah 9:6-7).

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  21. Jeremiah The Weeping Prophet

  22. Jeremiah Isaiah Saw the Southern Kingdom of Judah taken into Captivity at the hands of Babylon Foretold of the judgments that would come in the future Explained the reasons for the judgments Judah was experiencing Saw the Northern Kingdom of Israel taken into Captivity at the hands of Assyria Looks primarily to the future Looks primarily to the present

  23. Jeremiah Isaiah Bold and fearless Gentle and compassionate Was married to a prophetess and had children with prophetic names Was commanded not to take a wife or have any children

  24. Carchemish Babylon Nebuchadnezzar Jerusalem Pharaoh Neco

  25. Josiah dies at Megiddo and is replaced by his son Jehoahaz Megiddo Jerusalem (Josiah) Pharaoh Neco

  26. Overview of Jeremiah Chapter 1 Chapters 2-20 Chapters21-45 Chapters46-51 Chapter 52 From Josiah to the first year of Nebuchadnezzar From Josiah’s sons to the Captivity Oracles to the Nations Epilogue Call of Jeremiah Fall of Jerusalem Prologue Judgment against Judah Nations

  27. Call of Jeremiah (1) Pattern of Jeremiah Prophecies of Judah & Jerusalem (2-35) Historical Narrative Prior to the fall of Jerusalem (36-38) The fall of Jerusalem (39) After the fall of Jerusalem (40-45) Prophecies of other nations (46-51) Fall of Jerusalem (52)

  28. Jeremiah 31:31-32 “Behold, days are coming,” declares the LORD, “when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, 32 not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, although I was a husband to them,” declares the LORD.

  29. Jeremiah 31:33 “But this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days," declares the LORD, “I will put My law within them, and on their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people.

  30. Jeremiah 31:34 And they shall not teach again, each man his neighbor and each man his brother, saying, ‘Know the LORD,’ for they shall all know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them,” declares the LORD, “for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more.”

  31. New Covenant Old Covenant Jerusalem Church Let us go up to the house of the Lord Go unto all the world and make disciples of the nations

  32. Lamentations The Song of Sorrow

  33. Lamentations

  34. Lamentations 3:40-42 Let us examine and probe our ways, And let us return to the LORD. We lift up our heart and hands Toward God in heaven; We have transgressed and rebelled, Thou hast not pardoned.

  35. Lessons from Lamentations • God is Sovereign over the affairs of men • Sin brings forth tragic consequences • There is hope in the darkness

  36. Ezekiel The Prophet-Priest

  37. Ezekiel 1 - 24 25 - 32 33 - 48 Oracles against Judah Oracles against Nations Oracles of Salvation • Ezekiel’s call (1-2) • Judgment (3-7) • Temple (8-11) • Judgment (12-14) • Pictures (15-19) • Judgment (20-23) • Pictures (24) • Amon • Moab • Edom • Philistia • Tyre • Sidon • Egypt • Watchman (33) • Restoration (34-37) • Gog & Magog (38-39) • New Temple (40-48)

  38. 620 610 600 590 580 570 560 Amos Jehoahaz Jehoiachin Josiah Babylonian Captivity Zedekiah Jehoiakim Jerusalem & Temple Destroyed Joel? Obadiah? Jeremiah Daniel Habakkuk Ezekiel Fall of Nineveh

  39. Ezekiel’s Chariot Vision • Something like glowing metal in the midst of the fire (1:4). • Four living beings • Wheels within wheels

  40. 1 Chronicles 28:18 ...the altar of incense refined gold by weight; and gold for the model of the chariot, even the cherubim, that spread out their wings, and covered the ark of the covenant of the LORD

  41. Daniel 7:9 I kept looking Until thrones were set up, and the Ancient of Days took His seat; His vesture was like white snow, and the hair of His head like pure wool. His throne was ablaze with flames, its wheels were a burning fire

  42. Meaning of the Vision • God is the God over all life, whether wild animals or domesticated animals or birds of men • The wheels are a picture of the mighty power of God.

  43. The Glory of the Lord • Ezekiel sees the glory of the presence of the Lord within His temple (8:4). • The glory of God is seen at the doorway to the temple (9:3). • It next leaves the doorway and moves out to the Eastern Gate (10:18)

  44. The Glory of the Lord • It moves completely out of the city of Jerusalem: And the glory of the LORD went up from the midst of the city, and stood over the mountain which is east of the city (Ezekiel 11:23).

  45. A Temple within the City The New Jerusalem Ezekiel’s Vision John’s Revelation • Ezekiel is taken in this vision to a very high mountain (40:2) • John is carried in the Spirit to a great and high mountain (21:10) • A man uses a rod to measure the dimensions of the temple (40:5-ff) • An angel measures the city with a rod (21:15-17) • The entire temple area is a perfect square (42:15-20) • The entire city is a perfect cube (21:16)

  46. A Temple within the City The New Jerusalem Ezekiel’s Vision John’s Revelation • The presence of the glory of the Lord enters the temple (43:3-4) • No need of sun or moon because the Lord illumines His city (22:5) • No foreigner is admitted into the temple (44:9) • Nothing unclean and no unbeliever is allowed into the city (21:8, 27) • A river of water flows out of the temple (47:1) • A river of the water of life comes from the throne of God (22:1)

  47. A Temple within the City The New Jerusalem Ezekiel’s Vision John’s Revelation • There are a total of 12 gates around the city (48:30-34) • There are 12 gates to the city (21:21) • The name of the city shall be: “The Lord is there” (48:35). • The throne of God shall be there (22:3)

  48. Ezekiel 43:4-5 And the glory of the LORD came into the house by the way of the gate facing toward the east. 5 And the Spirit lifted me up and brought me into the inner court; and behold, the glory of the LORD filled the house.

  49. Daniel Statesman-Prophet

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