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Old Testament. The Major Prophets. English Old Testament. Historical Books. Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1-2 Samuel, 1-2 Kings, 1-2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther. Pentateuch. Poetic Books. Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon. Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy.

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the major prophets

Old Testament

The Major Prophets

pentateuch

English Old Testament

Historical Books

Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1-2 Samuel, 1-2 Kings, 1-2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther

Pentateuch

Poetic Books

Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon

Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy

Prophetic Books

Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi

what is a prophet
What is a Prophet?
  • They functioned as Preachers
  • They functioned as Predictors
  • Prophet versus Priest
isaiah

Isaiah

The Old Testament Gospel

slide5

The Bible

Isaiah

Old Testament: 39 Books

New Testament: 27 Books

Judgment: 39 Chapters

Comfort: 27 Chapters

Total Books: 66 Books

Total: 66 Chapters

chapters 1 35

God’s Government

God’s Grace

A throne (6:1)

A lamb (53:6)

Overview of Isaiah

Chapters 36-39

Chapters 40-66

Historical Interlude

Glory in the Future

Chapters 1-35

The Judgment of God

The Comfort of God

Judgments in the Present

Messiah the Judge

Messiah the Servant

isaiah 1

Isaiah 1

A Microcosm of the Entire Book of Isaiah

child motif
Child Motif
  • Shear-jashub (Isaiah 7:3)
  • Immanu-el (Isaiah 7:14; 8:8)
  • Maher-shalal-hash-baz (Isaiah 8:3)
  • Isaiah’s children (Isaiah 8:18)
  • The Royal Child (Isaiah 9:6-7).
jeremiah

Jeremiah

The Weeping Prophet

isaiah1

Jeremiah

Saw the Southern Kingdom of Judah taken into Captivity at the hands of Babylon

Isaiah

Foretold of the judgments that would come in the future

Explained the reasons for the judgments Judah was experiencing

Saw the Northern Kingdom of Israel taken into Captivity at the hands of Assyria

Looks primarily to the future

Looks primarily to the present

isaiah2

Jeremiah

Bold and fearless

Gentle and compassionate

Isaiah

Was married to a prophetess and had children with prophetic names

Was commanded not to take a wife or have any children

chapter 1

Overview of Jeremiah

Chapters 2-20

Chapters21-45

Chapters46-51

Chapter 52

From Josiah to the first year of Nebuchadnezzar

From Josiah’s sons to the Captivity

Oracles to the Nations

Epilogue

Chapter 1

Call of Jeremiah

Fall of Jerusalem

Judgment against Judah

Nations

Prologue

call of jeremiah 1
Call of Jeremiah (1)

Pattern of Jeremiah

Prophecies of Judah & Jerusalem (2-35)

Historical Narrative

Prior to the fall of Jerusalem (36-38)

The fall of Jerusalem (39)

After the fall of Jerusalem (40-45)

Prophecies of other nations (46-51)

Fall of Jerusalem (52)

jeremiah 31 31 32

Jeremiah 31:31-32

“Behold, days are coming,” declares the LORD, “when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, 32 not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, although I was a husband to them,” declares the LORD.

jeremiah 31 33

Jeremiah 31:33

“But this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days," declares the LORD, “I will put My law within them, and on their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people.

jeremiah 31 34

Jeremiah 31:34

And they shall not teach again, each man his neighbor and each man his brother, saying, ‘Know the LORD,’ for they shall all know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them,” declares the LORD, “for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more.”

old covenant

New Covenant

Old Covenant

Jerusalem

Church

Let us go up to the house of the Lord

Go unto all the world and make disciples of the nations

lamentations

Lamentations

The Song of Sorrow

lamentations 3 40 42

Lamentations 3:40-42

Let us examine and probe our ways,

And let us return to the LORD.

We lift up our heart and hands

Toward God in heaven;

We have transgressed and rebelled, Thou hast not pardoned.

lessons from lamentations
Lessons from Lamentations
  • God is Sovereign over the affairs of men
  • Sin brings forth tragic consequences
  • There is hope in the darkness
ezekiel

Ezekiel

The Prophet-Priest

slide24

Ezekiel

1 - 24

25 - 32

33 - 48

Oracles against Judah

Oracles against Nations

Oracles of Salvation

Ezekiel’s call (1-2)

Judgment (3-7)

Temple (8-11)

Judgment (12-14)

Pictures (15-19)

Judgment (20-23)

Pictures (24)

Amon

Moab

Edom

Philistia

Tyre

Sidon

Egypt

Watchman (33)

Restoration (34-37)

Gog & Magog (38-39)

New Temple (40-48)

slide25

620 610 600 590 580 570 560

Jehoahaz

Jehoiachin

Amos

Josiah

Babylonian Captivity

Zedekiah

Jehoiakim

Jerusalem & Temple Destroyed

Joel?

Obadiah?

Jeremiah

Daniel

Habakkuk

Ezekiel

Fall of

Nineveh

the glory of the lord
The Glory of the Lord
  • Ezekiel sees the glory of the presence of the Lord within His temple (8:4).
  • The glory of God is seen at the doorway to the temple (9:3).
  • It next leaves the doorway and moves out to the Eastern Gate (10:18)
the glory of the lord1
The Glory of the Lord
  • It moves completely out of the city of Jerusalem: And the glory of the LORD went up from the midst of the city, and stood over the mountain which is east of the city (Ezekiel 11:23).
ezekiel s vision john s revelation
A Temple within the City

The New Jerusalem

Ezekiel’s Vision John’s Revelation

Ezekiel is taken in this vision to a very high mountain (40:2)

John is carried in the Spirit to a great and high mountain (21:10)

A man uses a rod to measure the dimensions of the temple (40:5-ff)

An angel measures the city with a rod (21:15-17)

The entire temple area is a perfect square (42:15-20)

The entire city is a perfect cube (21:16)

ezekiel s vision john s revelation1
A Temple within the City

The New Jerusalem

Ezekiel’s Vision John’s Revelation

The presence of the glory of the Lord enters the temple (43:3-4)

No need of sun or moon because the Lord illumines His city (22:5)

No foreigner is admitted into the temple (44:9)

Nothing unclean and no unbeliever is allowed into the city (21:8, 27)

A river of water flows out of the temple (47:1)

A river of the water of life comes from the throne of God (22:1)

ezekiel s vision john s revelation2
A Temple within the City

The New Jerusalem

Ezekiel’s Vision John’s Revelation

There are a total of 12 gates around the city (48:30-34)

There are 12 gates to the city (21:21)

The name of the city shall be: “The Lord is there” (48:35).

The throne of God shall be there (22:3)

ezekiel 43 4 5

Ezekiel 43:4-5

And the glory of the LORD came into the house by the way of the gate facing toward the east. 5 And the Spirit lifted me up and brought me into the inner court; and behold, the glory of the LORD filled the house.

daniel

Daniel

Statesman-Prophet

slide33

Overview of Daniel

8:1

Written in the Third Person

Written in the First Person

Seven Historical Narratives

Four Prophetic Visions

1:1

Hebrew

Written in Aramaic

Written in Hebrew

Prologue

Prophetic History relating to the Gentiles

Prophetic History relating to the Jews

daniel 2

Meaning

Daniel 7

Kings & Kingdoms

Vision of beasts from the sea

Daniel 2

Head of fine gold

Babylon

Lion with wings

Breast & arms of silver

Medes & Persia

Bear with three ribs in its teeth

Vision of a great statue

Belly & thighs of bronze

Greek Empire

Leopard with 4 wings & 4 heads

Legs of iron & clay; ten toes

Antiochus?

Rome?

Beast with iron teeth & ten horns

daniel 21

Meaning

Daniel 7

All previous kingdoms destroyed by the stone cut without hands

Coming of the Lord and His Kingdom

Ancient of Days takes his seat and passes judgment

Daniel 2

A new kingdom that will never be destroyed (2:44)

His kingdom will be an everlasting kingdom (7:27)

daniel 7

Successive beasts rise up out of the ocean

A ram standing by a canal is attacked by a goat coming from the west

Babylon

Medes & Persia

Greece

Other Kingdom

Medes & Persia

Greece

Daniel 8

Vision given in the third year of the reign of Belshazzar the king

Daniel 7

Dream comes in the first year of Belshazzar king of Babylon

Large horn broken; gives way to ten horns

Terrible beast has ten horns

daniel 71

Daniel 8

Out comes a small

horn that…

Out comes a small

horn that…

Daniel 7

Pulls up three previous horns

Utters great boasts

Alterations in times and law

Wages war against saints and wins against them

Grows exceedingly

Magnifies itself against heaven

Removes regular sacrifice & throws down the temple

Flings truth to the ground

daniel 72

Daniel 8

Endures for 2300 mornings and evenings

Saints are given into his hand for a time, times, and half a time

Daniel 7

Then the holy place will be properly restored

Then sovereignty, dominion, and greatness are given to the saints of the Most High

daniel 12 1

Daniel 12:1

Now at that time Michael, the great prince who stands guard over the sons of your people, will arise. And there will be a time of distress such as never occurred since there was a nation until that time; and at that time your people, everyone who is found written in the book, will be rescued.

daniel 12 2

Daniel 12:2

And many of those who sleep in the dust of the ground will awake, these to everlasting life, but the others to disgrace and everlasting contempt.

a time of distress
“A time of distress…”
  • Abomination of Desolation brought by Antiochus Epiphanes in 168 B.C.
  • Destruction of the Temple brought by Titus in A.D. 70
  • The Final Judgment
daniel 12 4

Daniel 12:4

But as for you, Daniel, conceal these words and seal up the book until the end of time; many will go back and forth, and knowledge will increase.