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Chapter Resources. Click on one of the following icons to go to that resource. glencoe.com. Image Bank. Foldables. Video Clips and Animations. Chapter Summary. Chapter Review Questions. Standardized Test Practice. glencoe.com. Image Bank.

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slide1

Chapter Resources

Click on one of the following icons to go to that resource.

glencoe.com

Image Bank

Foldables

Video Clips and Animations

Chapter Summary

Chapter Review Questions

Standardized Test Practice

slide3

Image Bank

Click on individual thumbnail images to view larger versions.

slide4

Image Bank

Click on individual thumbnail images to view larger versions.

slide5

Image Bank

Transfer Images

  • To transfer images to your own power point follow the following steps:
  • Open the “Resource” file from the CD-ROM disc – view the file in the “normal view” or “slide sorter view” mode - go to slide #2 – from there you can click through the images and follow these instructions. Click once on the image.
  • Copy the image
  • Go to your own power point document
  • Paste the image.
slide6

Image Bank

Sea Anemone-Radial Symmetry

slide7

Image Bank

Lobster – Bilateral Symmetry

slide8

Image Bank

Sponge – Asymmetrical Symmetry

slide9

Image Bank

Giraffe

slide10

Image Bank

Sea Star

slide11

Image Bank

Animal Kingdom

slide12

Image Bank

Sea Sponge

slide13

Image Bank

Sea Sponge

slide14

Image Bank

Sponge Reproduction

slide15

Image Bank

Sea Anemone Tentacles

slide17

Image Bank

Sea Anemone

slide18

Image Bank

Jellyfish

slide19

Image Bank

Planarian

slide20

Image Bank

Lifecycle of a Tapeworm

slide21

Image Bank

Mollusk

slide22

Image Bank

Land Scale

slide24

Image Bank

Scallop

slide25

Image Bank

Octopus

slide26

Image Bank

Water-Propulsion System

slide27

Image Bank

Earthworm

slide28

Image Bank

Earthworm’s Organ System

slide30

Image Bank

Marine Bristleworm

slide32

Image Bank

Crab Shell

slide35

Image Bank

Complete Metamorphosis

slide36

Image Bank

Incomplete Metamorphosis

slide38

Image Bank

Scorpion

slide41

Image Bank

Centipede

slide42

Image Bank

Millipede

slide43

Image Bank

Lobster

slide44

Image Bank

Sea Urchin

slide45

Image Bank

Sea Urchin

slide46

Image Bank

Water-Vascular System

slide47

Image Bank

Sea Star Eating

slide48

Foldables

Invertebrates

Make the following Foldable to compare and contrast the characteristics of water and land invertebrates.

slide49

Foldables

Fold one sheet of paper lengthwise.

slide50

Foldables

Fold into thirds.

slide51

Foldables

Unfold and draw overlapping ovals. Cut the top sheet along the folds.

slide52

Foldables

Label the ovals as shown.

slide53

Foldables

Construct a Venn Diagram

As you read this chapter, list the characteristics unique to water invertebrates under the left tab, those unique to land invertebrates under the right tab, and those characteristics common to both under the middle tab.

slide54

Video Clips

Click image to view movie.

slide55

Video Clips

Click box to view movie.

slide58

Video Clips

Click image to view movie.

slide59

Reviewing Main Ideas

1

What is an Animal?

  • Animals are many-celled organisms that must find and digest their own food.
  • Invertebrates are animals without backbones, and vertebrates have backbones.
  • Symmetry is the way that animal body parts are arranged. The three types of symmetry are bilateral, radial, and asymmetrical.
slide60

Reviewing Main Ideas

2

Sponges, Cnidarians, Flatworms, and Roundworms

  • Sponges have no tissues.
  • Adult sponges are sessile and obtain food and oxygen by filtering water.
  • Cnidarians are radially symmetrical, and most have tentacles with stinging cells to get food.
  • Flatworms and roundworms have bilateral symmetry. They have parasitic and free-living members.
slide61

Reviewing Main Ideas

3

Mollusks and Segmented Worms

  • Mollusks are soft-bodied animals that usually have a shell and an open circulatory system.
  • Gastropods, bivalves, and cephalopods are types of mollusks.
  • Annelids have segmented bodies. A body cavity separates internal organs from the body wall.
slide62

Reviewing Main Ideas

4

Arthropods and Echinoderms

  • Arthropods have exoskeletons that cover, protect, and support their bodies.
  • Arthropods develop either by complete metamorphosis or by incomplete metamorphosis.
  • Echinoderms are spiny-skinned invertebrates and have a water-vascular system.
slide63

Chapter Review

Question 1

According to this diagram, the animal kingdom is divided into _______.

LE 1.1h

slide64

Chapter Review

  • animals that eat plants and those that eat
  • other animals
  • B. animals with a backbone and those without
  • a backbone

LE 1.1h

slide65

Chapter Review

C. animals with bilateral symmetry and those

with radial symmetry

D. animals with cells and those without cells

LE 1.1h

slide66

Chapter Review

Answer

The correct answer is B. This chart shows how animals can be divided into invertebrates, those without a backbone, and vertebrates, those with a backbone. About 97 percent of all animals are invertebrates.

slide67

Chapter Review

Question 2

Describe the asexual stage in the life cycle of this cnidarian.

LE 4.1b

slide68

Chapter Review

Answer

During the asexual stage the polyp, which developed from the larva, grows. The polyp then begins to form buds that become tiny medusae. After the medusae are released, they grow and begin the sexual cycle.

slide69

Chapter Review

Question 3

Why are sponges called filter feeders?

Answer

Sponges filter food out of the water that flows through their bodies. Their specialized collar cells have flagella that keep water moving through the sponge.

LE 5.1d

slide70

Chapter Review

Question 4

Which is a characteristic of gastropods?

A. secrete mucus

B. sucking disk on two ends

C. two shell halves

D. well developed head

LE 1.2g

slide71

Chapter Review

Answer

The correct answer is A. The mucus secreted by gastropods allows them to glide across objects on their large muscular foot.

slide72

Chapter Review

Question 5

Sheree told a friend that she is not afraid of any arthropods but that she would rather pick up a millipede than a centipede. From what you know about these two arthropods, why do you think she may have said this?

LE 5.1e

slide73

Chapter Review

Answer

Centipedes are predators that use venom to capture their prey while millipedes eat plants. Sheree probably did not want to risk getting a bite from a centipede.

slide74

Standardized Test Practice

Question 1

Which is a characteristic of all animals?

A. bilateral symmetry

B. digest their food

C. have a backbone

D. reproduce asexually

LE 1.1h

slide75

Standardized Test Practice

Answer

The correct answer is B. All animals use digestion to break large food particles down into smaller substances that their cells can use. The other characteristics listed describe only some animals.

slide76

Standardized Test Practice

Question 2

What does this diagram show about the life cycle of the tapeworm?

LE 5.1

slide77

Standardized Test Practice

A. Humans become

infected by eating

tapeworm

segments.

B. If humans eat

infected meat,

tapeworms can

attach to their

mouth.

LE 5.1

slide78

Standardized Test Practice

C. Tapeworm larvae

burrow into

cow’s muscles.

D. Tapeworms live

in the grass

where cows will

eat them.

LE 5.1

slide79

Standardized Test Practice

Answer

The correct answer is C. If cows eat grass contaminated with fertilized tapeworm eggs, they become infected with tapeworms. After the eggs hatch, the larvae burrow into the cow’s muscle. Humans can get infected by eating improperly cooked meat.

slide80

Standardized Test Practice

Question 3

Which is a part of the digestive system where food and soil is ground?

LE 1.2c

slide81

Standardized Test Practice

A. crop

B. gizzard

C. mouth

D. waste removal tubes

LE 1.2c

slide82

Standardized Test Practice

Answer

The correct answer is B. After food and soil are ground in this muscular structure, it is passed to the intestine. Undigested soil and wastes leave the worm through the anus.

slide83

Standardized Test Practice

Question 4

Which is a characteristic of spiders that distinguishes them from other arthropods?

A. They are predators.

B. They have five pair of legs.

C. They have spiny skin.

D. They weave webs.

LE 1.1h

slide84

Standardized Test Practice

Answer

The correct answer is D. Some spiders weave webs to capture their prey. Spiders are members of the arachnids. Arthropods in this group have two body regions and have four pairs of legs.

slide85

Standardized Test Practice

Question 5

What would this sea star use its tube feet for?

LE 1.2g

slide86

Standardized Test Practice

A. absorb prey

B. capture prey

C. digest prey

D. protection

LE 1.2g

slide87

Standardized Test Practice

Answer

The correct answer is B. The tube feet are part of the water vascular system of the sea star and work like suction cups. They help the sea star move and capture prey.

slide88

Help

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Click on this icon to return to the table of contents

Click on this icon to return to the previous slide

Click on this icon to move to the next slide

Click on this icon to open the resources file.

Click on this icon to go to the end of the presentation.