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New Invasive Pest Response Pest Detection / Emergency Projects Pest Exclusion Interior California Department of Food and Agriculture
Purpose of this Training • Present information on operations that occur when an invasive pest is detected in California • Coordinate roles between agencies
New Invasive Pests California is at risk for domestic and international exotic pest introductions. • Geographic location of the state • Infestations of pests in border countries • Large influx from outside U.S. • Importation of commodities from outside of the U.S. • Increase in international travel • Increase in use of air cargo
New Invasive Pests in California The combination of these facts places California at the top of the list of states at greatest risk and exposure to the establishment of invasive pests and diseases. Additionally, California offers a wide variety of ecological niches where invasive pests can become quickly established.
Recent Statewide Events • Over the past five years, an average of 10 new plant pests have been detected each year in California, some for the first time in the state and nation (Asian citrus psyllid, false codling moth, diaprepes root weevil, white striped fruit fly and European grapevine moth). • Average seven eradication projects per year.
Pest Detection / Emergency Projects • Pest Detection • Trapping • Surveys • Emergency Projects • Eradicative Treatments • Medfly Preventative Release • Sterile Insect Technique The primary responsibility of the Branch are the early detection and prompt eradication of serious exotic pests from California.
When an Invasive Pest Is Detected … • Pest and Damage Report is completed. • “Heads Up” Call to PD/EP District Entomologist • Expedite delivery of the sample to a CDFA laboratory for identification • Specimens that are new to state and/or county that are federal actionable pests are sent to the USDA’s Systematic Entomology Laboratory (SEL) in Beltsville, MD
Emergency Projects Role • The primary objective of the emergency project component is to quickly and efficiently eradicate incipient infestations of serious agricultural pests, thereby preventing permanent establishment and subsequent spread in California • Emergency response is triggered when there is evidence of a breeding population (egg, larvae, mated female, multiple detections) • CDFA maintains Action Plans for such unwanted agricultural pests • Maintaining properly trained and equipped pest response teams situated at strategic locations around the State
Establishment of Eradication Boundaries • Follows biological, political, geographic or other describablelines • Threatened & Endangered species issues • History of area (CAC involvement is crucial)
Legal Issues • Establishment of eradication authority for each pest in each county – via Office of Administrative Law • Promulgate emergency regulations • Food and Agricultural Code Sections: 403, 5001, 5761-5763 • Issuance of “Proclamation of an Eradication Project” (PEP) - CDFA’s Secretary of Agriculture approves and signs the PEP within 24 hours of an exotic pest detection • Refusals - Food and Agricultural Code Section 5401-5405 addresses abatement and inspection warrants • Emergency projects are exempt from CEQA • Multiple year projects require an Environmental Impact Report
PEP PROCESS The PEP is faxed and sent via overnight mail to local and state officials representing the affected area and agencies concerned with the project . The PEP package includes: • Pest profile • Map of eradication area • Work plan describing actions to be taken
Public Notification of Eradication Project • Depends on the pest • PEP is posted in the legal section of newspaper (when not treating private property) • Mail (invitation to public meeting) • Notices left door-to-door • Public meetings • Information is accessible via the Internet: • www.cdfa.ca.gov
Public Affairs • Important to make direct contact in advance with the CDFA Public Affairs office and plan all media matters • CAC and CDFA must coordinate the press releases • Interviews/demonstrations • Public meetings – local contacts/issues
Public Affairs (con’t) • Select an appropriate site to demonstrate the program activities to the media. Considerations: • Safe area, out of the way area • No children, traffic, or other complications • Coordinate in advance with CDFA Public Affairs and CAC
Public Meetings • Central site with parking • Open house style • No seating or microphones for public • Maps/Handouts/posters • Cooperating agencies (CDPR, OEHHA, Fish and Game) • Experts (Master gardener, local health official, entomologist, toxicologist, vet) • Media spokesperson • Security (if needed)
Special IssuesRaised at Public Meetings • Medical concerns – OEHHA Toxicologist • Product Q&A’s, Health assessments • Refusals • Special scheduling requests • Pest Identification
Other Outreach • Community meetings • Industry meetings • CDFA Exotic Pest Hotline
Project Activities • File Restricted Materials Permit and Notice of Intent with county • Notify residents of scheduled treatment date – door-to-door(24/48 hrs) • Notify phone banks 800 491-1899 • Media site (if needed) • Install weather station to determine life cycles (if needed)
CDFA Pest Response Teams • Provide / maintain crews • Specialized training, fruit cutting, stripping, apply chemicals, trap and survey for pests. Medical monitoring and provide specialized pesticide safety training • Appropriate (dedicated) equipment / materials
Emergency Projects • Treatment Methods • Varies depending on the pest or life stage of the exotic pest
County Assistance • Resources/Staffing levels • “Enforcement Role” (PUE / Regulatory) • Industries • Group Interactions (Growers, Environmental) • Public Meetings/Political meetings • Environmental issues • Rapid response capability • Refusals
Quarantine Preplanning • CDFA develops action plans for target pests • USDA identifies trading partner requirements • Quarantines are national and global issues • County Ag. Commissioners - Know what is in your county • Identify major stakeholders in advance • Industry groups • Grower’s Associations • Nurserymen’s Associations • Government agencies that would have a vested interest • County, State, and Federal • Local law enforcement • Fairgrounds and other potential project headquarter sites • Local Landfills
Quarantine PreplanningStakeholders • Urban Areas • Ports of Entry • Wholesale/Retail Markets • Wholesale Flower Markets • Cold Storage Facilities • Certified Farmers’ Markets • Swap Meets / Flea Markets • Fruit Vendors • Wholesale / Retail Nurseries • Yard Maintenance
Quarantine PreplanningStakeholders • Rural Areas • Growers • Packinghouses • Harvesters • Haulers • Fresh Fruit Processing Facilities • Receivers of Fruit Culls and Byproducts
Quarantine Incident • Adult fly(s) trapped – # below quarantine trigger • Hold Notice issued to fly find property and adjoining properties with host material • Locate site for project headquarters • Identify types/numbers of affected stakeholders • Review host list and identify crops being harvested or near harvest • Contact affected industry groups • Prepare to respond within 24 hours of trigger
Quarantine Actions are Initiated • Adult / Larval Trigger has been reached • Begin public relations campaign • Determine quarantine boundaries • USDA, CDFA, and Agricultural Commissioner • Submit request to be quarantined letter to CDFA Pest Exclusion • Set up affected stakeholders/grower meetings • Trace back of all Host Material that was grown in and left area 30 days prior to first fly find • Contact local law enforcement
Solano County Find Sites and Boundaries • 13.5 mi2 SIT area • 114 mi2 quarantine area
Santa Clara County Find Sites and Boundaries • 10.8 mi2 SIT area • 75 mi2 quarantine area
Los Angeles County Find Sites and Boundaries • 32.2 mi2 SIT area • 72 mi2 quarantine area
Official Quarantine Enacted Office of Administrative Law • County request to be quarantined letter is submitted to OAL • Quarantine boundaries are approved by OAL
Regulating Stakeholders • Determine your role • Project support • Liaison with growers • PUE to monitor pre-harvest treatments • Field staff • Identify possible problem work areas • English is not the primary language • Areas with heavy gang activity • Quarantine violations • Notice of Proposed Action (NOPA) • Administrative hearings
Initial Response • CDFA and USDA on site within 24 hours • Local CDFA Biologists • USDA rapid response teams • All harvesting of Fruit Fly Host Material stopped • Reg-Flex • Door to door neighborhood contacts in core area(s)
CDFA and USDA • Establish a presence within the Q-Area • Set up Project Headquarters • Hire seasonal employees • Issue compliance agreements • Ensure all Host Material is safeguarded • Enforce quarantine rules and regulations • Public outreach