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Music History Part 3: Band. Impressionism through 1940’s. Early 20 th Century Band Music. Band music up until this point was mostly military in style (marches) Development of instruments Fully valved brass instruments and fully chromatic woodwinds

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music history part 3 band

Music History Part 3: Band

Impressionism through 1940’s

early 20 th century band music
Early 20th Century Band Music
  • Band music up until this point was mostly military in style (marches)
  • Development of instruments
    • Fully valved brass instruments and fully chromatic woodwinds
    • Gradual introduction of world percussion instruments into the repertoire
  • Starting in early 20th century, composers started writing for band in a more indoor, artistic way
    • First serious concert work was First Suite in Ebby Gustav Holst in 1909
better access to percussion equipment
Better Access to Percussion Equipment
  • Western Percussion
  • Timpani (12th/13th century)
  • Snare Drum (14th century)
  • Cymbals, modern (17th century)
    • Some bronze cymbals date back 3000 years but sounded very different
  • Bass Drum (18th century)
  • World Percussion (available in late Romantic through present day)
  • Africa: Marimba, xylophone, djembe, agogo bells, rattles, shakers, rain sticks, many drums
  • Asia: Xylophone, gongs, bells
  • Latin America: Congas, bongos, cowbell, claves, timbales, maracas, guiro
  • New inventions
  • Vibraphone (1921)
early 20 th century band music1
Early 20th Century Band Music
  • Famous composers of the era include (to name a few):
    • John Philip Sousa
    • Gustav Holst
    • Percy Grainger
    • Ralph Vaughan Williams(e.g. English Folk Song Suite, etc.)
    • Paul Hindemith(e.g. Symphony in B flat, Symphonic Metamorphosis, etc.)
    • Gordon Jacob(e.g. William Byrd Suite, etc.)
    • Vincent Persichetti(e.g. Prelude, Siciliano, and Rondo, etc.)
    • Alfred Reed(e.g. Armenian Dances, El Camino Real, etc.)
    • Darius Milhaud(e.g. Suite Francaise, etc.)
    • H. Owen Reed(e.g. La Fiesta Mexicana, etc.)
    • Clifton Williams(e.g. Fanfare and Allegro, Symphonic Dance No. 3, etc.)
john philip sousa
John Philip Sousa
  • 1854-1932
  • American composer and conductor
  • Known for American military/patriotic marches
  • Known as “The March King”
  • Led the “President’s Own” Marine Band under 5 presidents (1892-1931), including 15,623 concerts
john philip sousa1
John Philip Sousa
  • “Sousaphone” was invented per Sousa’s request
  • Wrote 136 marches, including:
    • The Washington Post
    • Semper Fidelis
    • The Stars and Stripes Forever
    • Manhattan Beach March
    • The Thunderer
    • Fairest of the Fair
    • The Liberty Bell
    • And many more!
gustav holst
Gustav Holst
  • 1874-1934
  • English composer
  • Influenced by Romantic composers, English folk tunes, and Hindu culture
  • Famous for unconventional use of time signatures and melodies
  • Composed almost 200 works, including opera, ballet, choral, orchestral, and band works
  • Most famous works include
    • First Suite in E-flat (1909)
    • Second Suite in F (1911)
    • The Planets (1914-1916)
percy grainger
Percy Grainger
  • 1882-1961
  • Australian composer, arranger, and pianist
  • Based many compositions on traditionalfolk melodies of various regions
    • Gathered some of the first-ever recordings onto Edison wax cylinders from native folk singers
  • Internationally recognized as a brilliant pianist and innovative writer; experimented with “free music” (music without meter)
  • Most famous works include:
    • Country Gardens
    • Lincolnshire Posy
    • Colonial Song
  • Irish Tune from a County Derry
  • Molly on the Shore
  • Ye Banks and Braes o’BonnieDoon
  • And many more!