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The Art of Latin Dancing. Chary Goris “Christelle” Wednesday, December 08, 2010. What is Latin Dancing?. Social Latin dancing . Ballroom Latin dancing. Mambo. “Conversation with the Gods”

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the art of latin dancing

The Art of Latin Dancing

Chary Goris

“Christelle”

Wednesday, December 08, 2010

what is latin dancing
What is Latin Dancing?
  • Social Latin dancing
  • Ballroom Latin dancing
mambo
Mambo

“Conversation with the Gods”

  • African and European parentage; it is a modification of danzon with lighter version of combos called charangas
  • Appeared in the late 1930s as an individual genre
  • Antonio Arcaño, Orestes Lopez, & Arsenio Rodriguez contributed towards the creation of mambo
  • Mambo mania aroused in the mid-1950s
  • Perez Prado on 1943 popularized the mambo dance characterized by its expressive use of arms, head, & hands

cha cha cha
Cha Cha Cha
  • Represents a triple step style of dancing the mambo
  • A.K.A Mambo-rumba & Triple mambo
  • In 1951, Enrique Jorrin a Cuban mambo musician created Cha Cha Cha. He was a member of the Orquestra America Charanga
  • This new style of mambo spread to Europe in the early 1960s

salsa
Salsa

“Sauce”

  • Another type of mambo that developed in the 1960s by Cuban & Puerto Rican immigrants in NYC
  • The “clave”
  • Salsa lyrics were often about barrio life
  • 1980s Salsa Romantica
  • The dance is very similar to mambo because it is fast, but without slowing down or pausing

samba
Samba

“Pray”

  • First introduced in Brazil during slave trading between 1600-1888
  • Originated from the Angolan mesemba a type of ritual music; also, influenced by Candomble a religion from Africa
  • The salves used samba to camouflage their religious ceremonies as parties from their owners
  • Mauro Almeida & Donga first to record samba “Pelo Telefone” in 1917
  • In 1922 Samba was brought to Paris and there it blended with Jazz resulting in Samba-Carioca
  • In 1928 Samba schools gave back the original African heavy drums to Samba
  • Capoeira: Brazilian martial arts/dance
  • Stan Getz helped popularize Samba & Bossa nova in the U.S
  • Samba returned in the 1980s with Pangode

merengue
Merengue
  • Developed in the Dominican Republic derived from a Cuban music called UPA
  • The UPA first became popular in Puerto Rico and then reached Dominican republic
  • Merengue became very popular in 1850 replacing a dance called Tumba
  • Instruments include the accordion, guiro, drums
  • Types of Merengue: Merengue Tipico (Perico Ripiao) Merengue Clasico Merengue Urbano “Mambo”
  • The dance is characterized by moving hips sideways and feet like if you were walking

bachata
Bachata

“Meeting”

  • Emerges in the 1960’s in the Dominican Republic
  • Jose Manuel Calderon was the first artist to record Bachata in 1962
  • Bolero
  • Romantic, melodramatic music about love, heartbreaks, despair, & serenades for women
  • Has a signature guitar based sound
  • The dance has 5 steps can be danced side ways or forward and backward
  • Use to be considered unsophisticated
tango
Tango

“Touch”

  • Originated from Argentina in the 1870s
  • The Milonga & the Habanera are like the parents of Tango
  • The dance was developed by the compadritos & prostitutes of Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Cortes & quebradas the more dramatic the better; partners dance together
  • Tango mania reached Paris, France in 1913
  • The Golden Age began in the 1920s
  • The 1st instruments to accompany the dance were the flute, violin, & harp, with guitars & clarinets. Then the bandoneon in the late 19th century.

“Is one supposed to dance it standing up?” –Contesse Melanie de Pourtales

flamenco
Flamenco

“Flame”

  • Developed in Spain by the gypsies
  • This style was first known as gitano
  • Was recognized in the 19th century
  • Began as a way to seek relief and escape in self expression through the songs or music of suffering, lamentation, and protest
  • The songs were sung accompanied by a guitar or guitar like instrument
  • The Golden Age 1869-1910
  • The dance has Indian and Hindu influences because they involve footwork and hand movements

works cited
Works Cited
  • Nonperiodicals
  • Collier, Simon, et al. Tango. Illus. Ken Haas. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1995. Print.
  • Edwards, Gwynne. Flamenco. Illus. Ken Haas. New York: Thames & Hudson, 2000. Print. 
  • Web sites, e-sources
  • “Bachata - Bachata, campesinos, Bachata Rosa, Bachata: A Social History of a Dominican Popular Music.” Bachata. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2010. .
  • “Cha Cha Cha.” Cha-Cha-Cha. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2010. .
  • “Flamenco History.” Origen y Evolucion del Merengue. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Nov. 2010. .
  • “History and origins of Flamenco.” History of Flamenco. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2010. .
  • Leymarie, Isabelle. “Mambo Mania.” The Perez Prado Pages. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Nov. 2010. .
  • Mambo. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Nov. 2010. .
  • New World Encyclopedia contributors. “Samba.” New World Encyclopedia. Vers. 866275. New World Encyclopedia., 26 Nov. 2008. Web. 6 Nov. 2010. .
  • Origenes de la Bachata. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2010. .
  • Samba history enters Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2010. .
  • Stewart, James. A Short History of Tango. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2010. .
  • Images
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