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  1. The Art of Latin Dancing Chary Goris “Christelle” Wednesday, December 08, 2010

  2. What is Latin Dancing? • Social Latin dancing • Ballroom Latin dancing

  3. Mambo “Conversation with the Gods” • African and European parentage; it is a modification of danzon with lighter version of combos called charangas • Appeared in the late 1930s as an individual genre • Antonio Arcaño, Orestes Lopez, & Arsenio Rodriguez contributed towards the creation of mambo • Mambo mania aroused in the mid-1950s • Perez Prado on 1943 popularized the mambo dance characterized by its expressive use of arms, head, & hands <http://www.dancegumbo.com/bestbets>

  4. Cha Cha Cha • Represents a triple step style of dancing the mambo • A.K.A Mambo-rumba & Triple mambo • In 1951, Enrique Jorrin a Cuban mambo musician created Cha Cha Cha. He was a member of the Orquestra America Charanga • This new style of mambo spread to Europe in the early 1960s <http://media.photobucket.com/image/cuban+flag+/hv519/cuban-flag-thumb2314071.jpg>

  5. Salsa “Sauce” • Another type of mambo that developed in the 1960s by Cuban & Puerto Rican immigrants in NYC • The “clave” • Salsa lyrics were often about barrio life • 1980s Salsa Romantica • The dance is very similar to mambo because it is fast, but without slowing down or pausing <http://www.ejournal.fi/virtual-slot2/index.php?action%5B%5D=IArticleShow::showArticle('36689')>

  6. Samba “Pray” • First introduced in Brazil during slave trading between 1600-1888 • Originated from the Angolan mesemba a type of ritual music; also, influenced by Candomble a religion from Africa • The salves used samba to camouflage their religious ceremonies as parties from their owners • Mauro Almeida & Donga first to record samba “Pelo Telefone” in 1917 • In 1922 Samba was brought to Paris and there it blended with Jazz resulting in Samba-Carioca • In 1928 Samba schools gave back the original African heavy drums to Samba • Capoeira: Brazilian martial arts/dance • Stan Getz helped popularize Samba & Bossa nova in the U.S • Samba returned in the 1980s with Pangode <http://www.smh.com.au/ftimages/2007/02/18/1171733602351.html>

  7. Merengue • Developed in the Dominican Republic derived from a Cuban music called UPA • The UPA first became popular in Puerto Rico and then reached Dominican republic • Merengue became very popular in 1850 replacing a dance called Tumba • Instruments include the accordion, guiro, drums • Types of Merengue: Merengue Tipico (Perico Ripiao) Merengue Clasico Merengue Urbano “Mambo” • The dance is characterized by moving hips sideways and feet like if you were walking <http://www.grupofantasia.com/percussion_instruments_pop_up.htm> <http://www.conmishijos.com/ocioencasa.colorear/296/acordeon>

  8. Bachata “Meeting” • Emerges in the 1960’s in the Dominican Republic • Jose Manuel Calderon was the first artist to record Bachata in 1962 • Bolero • Romantic, melodramatic music about love, heartbreaks, despair, & serenades for women • Has a signature guitar based sound • The dance has 5 steps can be danced side ways or forward and backward • Use to be considered unsophisticated

  9. Tango “Touch” • Originated from Argentina in the 1870s • The Milonga & the Habanera are like the parents of Tango • The dance was developed by the compadritos & prostitutes of Buenos Aires, Argentina • Cortes & quebradas the more dramatic the better; partners dance together • Tango mania reached Paris, France in 1913 • The Golden Age began in the 1920s • The 1st instruments to accompany the dance were the flute, violin, & harp, with guitars & clarinets. Then the bandoneon in the late 19th century. <http://www.stayinbuenosaires.com/es/blog/category/eventos-de-tango/> “Is one supposed to dance it standing up?” –Contesse Melanie de Pourtales

  10. Flamenco “Flame” • Developed in Spain by the gypsies • This style was first known as gitano • Was recognized in the 19th century • Began as a way to seek relief and escape in self expression through the songs or music of suffering, lamentation, and protest • The songs were sung accompanied by a guitar or guitar like instrument • The Golden Age 1869-1910 • The dance has Indian and Hindu influences because they involve footwork and hand movements <http://www.flamencoenbarcelona.com/> <http://www.eyeonspain.com/spain-magazine/flamenco-music.aspx>

  11. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LUWvHBCUFuQ

  12. Works Cited • Nonperiodicals • Collier, Simon, et al. Tango. Illus. Ken Haas. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1995. Print. • Edwards, Gwynne. Flamenco. Illus. Ken Haas. New York: Thames & Hudson, 2000. Print.  • Web sites, e-sources • “Bachata - Bachata, campesinos, Bachata Rosa, Bachata: A Social History of a Dominican Popular Music.” Bachata. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2010. <http://www.jrank.org/‌cultures/‌pages/‌3623/‌Bachata.html#ixzz17M9UzMZF>. • “Cha Cha Cha.” Cha-Cha-Cha. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2010. <http://www.umich.edu/‌~umbdc/‌DanceSyllabus/‌haagr/‌PDF’s/‌ChaCha.pdf>. • “Flamenco History.” Origen y Evolucion del Merengue. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Nov. 2010. <http://www.sabordominicano.com/‌merengue.htm>. • “History and origins of Flamenco.” History of Flamenco. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2010. <http://www.xs4all.nl/‌~davidbos/‌flamenco/‌history.htm>. • Leymarie, Isabelle. “Mambo Mania.” The Perez Prado Pages. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Nov. 2010. <http://www.laventure.net/‌tourist/‌mambo.htm>. • Mambo. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Nov. 2010. <http://www.100x100salsa.com/‌art-mambo.html>. • New World Encyclopedia contributors. “Samba.” New World Encyclopedia. Vers. 866275. New World Encyclopedia., 26 Nov. 2008. Web. 6 Nov. 2010. <http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/‌entry/‌Samba?oldid=866275>. • Origenes de la Bachata. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2010. <http://www.republica-dominicana.it/‌gadgetbachata/‌historiabachata6.htm>. • Samba history enters Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2010. <http://www.sambacity.info/‌samba-history.html>. • Stewart, James. A Short History of Tango. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2010. <http://www.edinburghtango.org.uk/‌tango/‌Historyoftango.php>. • Images<http://tineybopper.blogspot.com/2006_02_01_archive.html>