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TURKISH-ARAB BANKING PROSPECTS. Walid R. Alameddine Chairman Lebanon’s Banking Control Commission The Third Turkish-Arab Economic Forum June 12-13/2008 Istanbul. Contents: Regional Banking: Very Fast Growth Lebanese Banking System: Characteristics

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turkish arab banking prospects
TURKISH-ARAB BANKING PROSPECTS

Walid R. Alameddine

Chairman

Lebanon’s Banking Control Commission

The Third Turkish-Arab Economic Forum

June 12-13/2008

Istanbul

slide2
Contents:
  • Regional Banking: Very Fast Growth
  • Lebanese Banking System: Characteristics
  • The Regional Lebanese Banking System:
  • Turkey’s Banking System Prospects.
  • Some Reasons for Establishing Banks across countries.
slide3
REGIONAL BANKING: VERY FAST GROWTH
  • Growth Management is the Main Opportunity (and Challenge) in the region
  • Mid-East Banks fastest growth in the world (2007)
  • Islamic sector, fastest growth in the region (2007)
  • e.g. Qatar (47%growth in 2007).
  • e.g. Lebanon’s Outside expansion (67% growth in 2007)
slide4
VERY FAST GROWTH:

Geographical Expansion Requirements:

  • Cross country management skills different from local.
  • Improvement in Management Systems.
  • Supervisory Challenges: Skills, Systems, & Home-Host Cooperation.

Taking advantage of fast growth opportunities

Beyond sustainable growth model: Requirements

    • Management
    • Marketing (Profit margins?)
    • Financial (capital?)
    • Operational
slide5

LEBANESE BANKING SYSTEM

  • Characteristics:
    • Size: 4 times GDP.
    • Privately owned (no Public Sector), hence highly competitive…
    • Liquid: More than $10 billion in N.Y. accounts.
    • Dollarized.
    • Capital: Adequate for Basel II (and increasing…).
    • Supervision: Independent of political process.
    • Resilient (3 crises in 3 years…).
    • Rapid Growth.
    • Regional Banking System: Ownership, Rapid Expansion.
  • J. Concentration: Largest Bank (16%), Top 5 (56%), Top 10 (78%)
slide6
THE “REGIONAL” LEBANESE BANKING SYSTEM:
  • Ownership: Regional ownership in virtually every bank in Lebanon.

Capital Increases in Banks mostly coming from the region (Gulf, Egypt, Lebanese residing abroad).

2) Presence in most countries in the Region.

3) Management “exchanges” significant with banks in the region. Top management compensation now at levels of most competitive in the region.

4) Incremental increases in deposits coming mostly from the Gulf.

5) M & A" proposals” for Lebanese banks coming mostly from the region.

slide7
LEBANESE BANKING SYSTEM:

Expansion:

Domestic/International Size:

Dollars Millions (Gross)

Assets 12/31/200612/31/2007GROWTH12/31/2012

Domestic 78,855 88,854 12.7% 110,000

Share of Total 86.5 81.1% - 50%

International 12,355 20,689 67.5% 110,000

Share of Total 13.5% 18.9% - 50%

Total 91,210 109,543 20% 220,000

slide8

RAPID REGIONAL EXPANSION: LEBANESE BANKS

  • Raison D'etre
  • A. Revenues:
  • a. Increase, &
  • b. Diversification
  • B. Risk: Diversification
  • C. Business Synergies: Common Ownership & Markets
  • Preparation/Comparative Advantages:
  • Increase in Capital Base
  • B. Human Resources (Skills and Numbers)
  • C. Competitiveness/Aggressive Sales Culture
turkey s banking system prospects
TURKEY’S BANKING SYSTEM PROSPECTS
  • Growth: Very significant Growth Prospects

Assets / GDP 1:1

Can go up to 1.5:1

  • Size TRY 634 Billion/USD 520 Billion (5/31/2008)
  • Lebanese Banks in Turkey:
        • One Bank
        • At least one more
  • Turkish Banks are welcome in Lebanon/ The Arab World
slide13
SOME REASONS FOR ESTABLISHING BANKS ACROSS COUNTRIES

A. Virtuous Trade/Investment cycle:

    • Common business (trade, Investments, Tourism) need banks familiar with the “home” investors to facilitate business with “host” country.
    • Common Business brings in banks, and banks help bring in and grow common business, which allows the banks and the common business to grow.
  • Capital Investment diversification:
    • Investment Returns: Better utilization of Incremental Capital in the “medium term…”
slide14

Opening Banks/Cross-Investments: Turkey-Arab Countries

  • There is clearly enough potential business to justify more (joint) banks / branches, and these can be profitable.
  • Very Fast growth requires Bolder investment decisions.
  • Potential Business: Cross-borderanddomestic.
  • Capital Investment diversification: Portfolio Management. The low correlation between Turkish and Arab economies argues for more Cross-Investments.
  • Banks can either be Islamic, or “Conventional” banks. The trend is towards Islamic Banks (although their share is still relatively small).
slide15
OPENING BANKS: REALITY CHECKS:
  • Growth Pressures As Causes of Bank Problems:
  • “Problems at banks are all too often caused by the failure to adhere to basic risk management principles, especially when new products and markets come into play. In many cases, this is due to the pressures that firms face to increase market share, combined with unrealistic expectations about growth and performance prospects”.
  • Nout Wellink: GARP Conference, NEW YORK, 27 February 2008.
  • Keep expectations reasonable (expect to be profitable, but not “opportunistic” profits…).
  • Focus on the medium, and long terms.
  • The Opportunities remain larger than the potential downsides.
slide16
TURKEY-ARAB INVESTMENTS

There is another important reason for investments between the Arab World and Turkey for me:

ARAP DUNYASI VE TURKIYE ARASINDAKI YATIRIMLAR ICIN MUTLU OLMAMIN BASKA BIR ONEMLI SEBEBI DAHA VAR :

slide17
ARAP DUNYASI VE TURKIYE ARASINDAKI YATIRIMLAR ICIN MUTLU OLMAMIN BASKA BIR ONEMLI SEBEBI DAHA VAR :
  • BIR TURKLE EVLIYIM

VE

  • COCUKLARIM TURK

 YASASIN TURKIYE, YASASIN LUBNAN !