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The Judicial Branch. The American Legal System. Relevant Standards of Learning. CE.10 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the judicial systems established by the Constitution of Virginia and the Constitution of the United States by

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The american legal system

The Judicial Branch

The American Legal System


Relevant standards of learning
Relevant Standards of Learning

  • CE.10 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the judicial systems established by the Constitution of Virginia and the Constitution of the United States by

    a) describing the organization and jurisdiction of federal and state courts;

    b) describing the exercise of judicial review;

    c) explaining court proceedings in civil and criminal cases;

    d) explaining how due process protections seek to ensure justice.


Student objectives
Student Objectives

  • Describe the organization and jurisdiction of courts. (CE.10a)

  • Describe the exercise of judicial review. (CE.10b)

  • Explain court proceedings in criminal and civil cases. (CE.10c)

  • Explain how due process protections seek to ensure justice. (CE.10d)


What part of the u s constitution defines the judicial branch of government
What part of the U. S. Constitution defines the judicial branch of government?

Article III












What is a magistrate
What is a magistrate? jurisdiction and trial method.

A magistrate issues search warrants, subpoenas, arrest warrants, and summons and sets bail.















What is judicial review
What is judicial review? jurisdiction and trial method.

The supreme courts of the United States and Virginia determine the constitutionality of laws and acts of the executive branch of the government.


What supreme court case established the principle of judicial review
What Supreme Court case established the principle of judicial review?

Marbury v. Madison


What is criminal law
What is criminal law? judicial review?

A court determines whether a person accused of breaking the law is guilty or not guilty of a misdemeanor or a felony.


What are the steps in a criminal trial
What are the steps in a criminal trial? judicial review?

  • Arrest (if probable cause is established)

  • Jail or bail

  • Arraignment (review probable cause, attorney appointed, plea entered)

  • Trial

  • Possible appeal


What is civil law
What is civil law? judicial review?

A court settles a disagreement between two parties


What are the steps is a civil case
What are the steps is a civil case? judicial review?

  • A plaintiff files a complaint

  • The case is heard by a judge or jury

  • Possible appeal


How are juvenile cases handled differently than those of adults
How are juvenile cases handled differently than those of adults?

  • Judges have greater latitude in handling juvenile cases

  • Juveniles who commit serious crimes can be tried as adults


What is due process of law
What is due process of law? adults?

The constitutional protection against unfair governmental actions and laws


Where are due process protections defined
Where are due process protections defined? adults?

  • 5th Amendment – prohibits the national government from acting in an unfair manner

  • 14th Amendment – prohibits the state and local government from acting in an unfair manner




What is the name of the constitutional protection against unfair governmental practices1
What is the name of the constitutional protection against unfair governmental practices?

Due Process


What was established in the supreme court case of marbury v madison
What was established in the Supreme Court case of unfair governmental practices?Marbury v. Madison?


What was established in the supreme court case of marbury v madison1
What was established in the Supreme Court case of unfair governmental practices?Marbury v. Madison?

Judicial Review


Name the levels of the federal and state courts that have a jury
Name the levels of the federal and state courts that have a jury.

U. S. District Courts

&

Circuit Courts of Virginia


The american legal system
What is the name given to the pre-trial phase during which probable cause is reviewed, an attorney is appointed, and a plea is entered?

Arraignment


What are the two sides in a civil trial called
What are the two sides in a civil trial called? probable cause is reviewed, an attorney is appointed, and a plea is entered?

plaintiff and defendant


The american legal system
A U. S. citizen born on July 4, 1995 has been charged with breaking and entering. What court will hear this case?

Juvenile & Domestic Relations Court




What is the court of highest jurisdiction in the united states2

Thomas, Sotomayor, Scalia, Breyer, Chief Justice Roberts, Alito, Kennedy, Kagan, Ginsberg

United

States

Supreme

Court

What is the court of highest jurisdiction in the United States?



What part of the constitution provides due process protections
What part of the Constitution provides due process protections?

5th & 14th Amendments


Follow the link below to find out more about the u s supreme court
Follow the link below to find out more about the U. S. Supreme Court.

http://www.supremecourt.gov/


Complete an a to z about judicial branch review sheet
Complete an A to Z About Supreme Court.Judicial Branch review sheet