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Sustainable Horticulture!!. Carl Motsenbocker Co-State Louisiana SARE Director School of Plant, Environmental and Soil Sciences www.lasare.agcenter.lsu.edu. The primary goals of sustainable agriculture include:. Providing a more profitable farm income.

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sustainable horticulture
Sustainable Horticulture!!

Carl Motsenbocker

Co-State Louisiana SARE Director

School of Plant, Environmental and Soil Sciences

www.lasare.agcenter.lsu.edu

the primary goals of sustainable agriculture include
The primary goals of sustainable agriculture include:
  • Providing a more profitable farm income.
promoting environmental stewardship including
Promoting environmental stewardship, including:
  • Protecting and improving soil quality
  • Reducing dependence on non-renewable resources, such as fuel and synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, and
  • Minimizing adverse impacts on safety, wildlife, water quality and other environmental resources
sustainable production
Sustainable Production
  • Farm profitability
  • Environmental stewardship
  • Quality of life for farm families and rural communities
sustainable goals
Sustainable Goals
  • Sustain economic viability
  • Sustain environmental stewardship
  • Sustain social responsibility and quality of life
what is sustainable agriculture
What is Sustainable Agriculture?
  • Answer: “Sustainable” includes many types of agriculture
when is agriculture sustainable
When is Agriculture Sustainable?
  • Maintains a diverse ecosystem
  • Reduces environmental impacts
  • Minimizes pest problems
  • It has to be profitable
sustainability is
Sustainability is . . .
  • A goal
  • A direction
  • A guiding principle
is sustainability a philosophy or a set of practices
Is Sustainability a Philosophy or a Set of Practices?
  • Sustainability has to be adaptable and supportive of community environments
sustainability is profitable
Sustainability is Profitable
  • Includes production and processing
  • Business concepts and marketing
sustainable is environmental management
Sustainable is Environmental Management
  • Soil management
  • Crop management
  • Livestock management
  • Water management
  • Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
don t forget marketing
Don’t Forget Marketing
  • Most sustainable operations fail not from poor production practices but from lack of marketing
usda s a r e the louisiana program
USDA S.A.R.E. & the Louisiana Program
  • SARE = Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education
  • SARE PDP = Professional Development Program
  • Mutual goal of both programs is to teach technical skills and to provide information
  • Focus on agriculture professionals
louisiana sare
Louisiana SARE
  • Dr. Owusu Bandele, Southern University Agricultural Center
  • Dr. Carl Motsenbocker, LSU AgCenter
  • Model State Program
    • Ms. Emily Neustrom, State Program Assistant
    • La SARE Board
    • http://www.lasare.agcenter.lsu.edu
community food program components
Community Food Program Components
  • nutrition education
  • market gardening
  • community gardening
  • youth gardening
  • school gardening
  • community supported agriculture (CSA)
  • micro-enterprise development
  • gleaning
  • consumer education and marketing
  • buying clubs
  • business training
  • community kitchens
  • farm to school programs
  • farmers’ markets.
  • food policy councils
slide18
In the United States, approximately 80 % of the population and almost 73 % of Louisiana residents, live in metropolitan areas
    • (US Census Bureau, 2007).
  • The complexity of the food production and transport system has increased as food production has shifted to centralized production areas with food typically traveling from 1500 to 2500 miles from farm to consumers table
    • (Halwell, 2002).
slide19
Food insecurity:
    • is where people skip meals or eat too little and they tend to have lower quality diets or rely on emergency food because they are unable to afford necessary food for their families.
  • US poverty rate was 12.6 percent in 2005 with 37 million people, including 13 million children living in households at risk for hunger or that experience hunger
    • (US Census Bureau, 2007).
  • The poverty rate for Louisianans was 17.1 % in 2005 with almost 25 % of children in Louisiana living in poverty.
  • Many Louisianans and Americans do not get enough to eat on a daily basis and often depend on emergency food sources.
food access
Food Access
  • In many low-income areas, full-service grocery stores are not available.
      • Example, in Old South Baton Rouge (OSBR), Louisiana there are no full-scale grocery stores and availability of fresh fruits and vegetables is limited.
  • Residents must travel out of the neighborhood to larger grocery stores as the local markets generally have few fresh produce available. Public transport available?
  • The elderly poor, with little disposable income and fragile health issues often find it difficult to travel out of the neighborhood for grocery items.
slide21
Urban Agriculture
  • Local Food Systems
    • Why buy local food?
      • It is fresher, tastier and more nutritious.
      • It supports local farmers and keeps more of your food dollar working in your hometown.
      • It conserves energy and reduces output of greenhouse gases.
      • It gives you a better picture of how your food is produced.
  • Community Food Programs
school gardening
School Gardening

Can we interest students in science through gardening and garden-based activities?

Can we impact children’s attitudes towards preference for fruits and vegetables?

community supported agriculture csa
Community Supported Agriculture (CSA)

“Partnership between local community members and local growers that work together to create and maintain an economically stable food system, encourage land stewardship, and promote community development.”  

farmers markets
Farmers Markets

Union Square, NYC

slide28
Nationally the estimated number of farmers markets has increased almost 250 percent from 1994 to 2006
  • Over 3700 farmers markets currently operating in the US
      • (USDA-AMS, 2007).
community kitchens
Community Kitchens
  • Assist development of recipes and food production.
  • Preparing, cooking, filling, labeling, flash-freezing and cooling food for sale.

Ex: Jubilee Project Inc., East Tennessee (http://www.jubileeproject.holston.org/)

farm to school programs
Farm to School Programs
  • Garden sessions
  • Garden based nutrition education
  • Garden tastings
  • Farm field trips
  • Local food in school lunches

Alice Waters, Edible Schoolyard www.edibleschoolyard.org

http://www.esynola.org/

community food program components1
Community Food Program Components
  • nutrition education
  • market gardening
  • community gardening
  • youth gardening
  • school gardening
  • community supported agriculture (CSA)
  • micro-enterprise development
  • gleaning
  • consumer education and marketing
  • buying clubs
  • business training
  • community kitchens
  • farm to school programs
  • farmers’ markets.
food miles lettuce
Food Miles: Lettuce
  • Salinas, CA to Baton Rouge, LA
    • 2100 miles
  • Charles and Jaynell Glaser, New Roads, LA
    • 36 miles to Red Stick Farmers Market
community food shed
Community Food Shed
  • Urban Agriculture