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Nerve Tissue. Al- Maarefa College. Nerve Tissue. Cells have very high ability to Respond to stimuli Transmit impulses. Nerve Tissue. Nerve Tissue. NEURON is the main nerve cell). Nerve Tissue. NEURON is the main nerve cell Cell Body(3) Dendrites (5) Axon(1). Motor Neurone.

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Nerve Tissue


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    1. Nerve Tissue Al-Maarefa College

    2. Nerve Tissue • Cells have very high ability to • Respond to stimuli • Transmit impulses

    3. Nerve Tissue

    4. Nerve Tissue • NEURON is the main nerve cell)

    5. Nerve Tissue • NEURON is the main nerve cell • Cell Body(3) • Dendrites (5) • Axon(1)

    6. Motor Neurone

    7. Motor Neurone • Cell body • Dendrites • Axon • Covered by Myelin sheath

    8. Neuron • Multipolar Kuehnel, Color Atlas of Cytology, Histology, and Microscopic Anatomy

    9. Neuron's – cerebral cortex Kuehnel, Color Atlas of Cytology, Histology, and Microscopic Anatomy

    10. Neuron's – spinal cord Kuehnel, Color Atlas of Cytology, Histology, and Microscopic Anatomy

    11. Nerve and Reflex Arc

    12. Nerve Fiber (Axon) • Nerve fibers are long nerve cell processes (axon cylinder, axon) with a surrounding membrane • Schwann cells (neurolemmocytes, peripheral glial cells) enfold the axon and form an insulating cover known as Schwann’s sheath (neurolemma). Stain: osmium tetroxide; magnification: × 1000 Kuehnel, Color Atlas of Cytology, Histology, and Microscopic Anatomy

    13. Nerve Fiber (Axon) • Myelinated nerve fiber, i.e., the axon is covered by a myelin sheath, which is rich in lipids. • Every 0.8 to 1.0 mm, a node of Ranvier subdivides the myelin sheath into segments or internodes. Stain: osmium tetroxide; magnification: × 1000 Kuehnel, Color Atlas of Cytology, Histology, and Microscopic Anatomy

    14. Sciatic nerve – cross section • 1 Fascicle (nerve fiber bundle) • 2 Perineurium • 3 Epineurium • 4 Artery • 5 Vein • 6 Adipose tissue Stain: alum hematoxylin; magnification: × 10 Kuehnel, Color Atlas of Cytology, Histology, and Microscopic Anatomy

    15. Glial Cells • Glial cells (Neuroglia) or (Glia) • (Greek "glue” • Non-neuronal cells that: 1- maintain homeostasis, 2-form myelin, 3- provide support and protection for the brain's neurons • They occupy the entire space between neurons and separate nerve cells from blood vessels

    16. Glial Cells - Functions • Surround neurons and hold them in place • Supply nutrients and oxygen to neurons • Insulate one neuron from another • Destroy pathogens and remove dead neurons

    17. Glial Cells - Types • Astrocytes (macroglia) • Oligodendrocytes • Microgliocytes

    18. Astrocytes • Most abundant • Deal with homeostasis – relate to vessels Kuehnel, Color Atlas of Cytology, Histology, and Microscopic Anatomy

    19. are characteristic star-shaped glialcellsin the brain and spinal cord. They perform many functions, including : • 1- biochemical support of endothelial cells that form the blood–brain barrier, • 2- provision of nutrients to the nervous tissue, • 3-maintenance of extracellular ion balance, • 4- and a role in the repair and scarring process of the brain and spinal cord following traumatic injuries

    20. Astrocytes and nerve cells Kuehnel, Color Atlas of Cytology, Histology, and Microscopic Anatomy

    21. Microglia

    22. Microglia:Microglia are the main resident immunological cells the CNS • Oligodendrocytes: • Closely related to neurons • Provide myelin protection for CNS neurons

    23. Neurons and glial cells Kuehnel, Color Atlas of Cytology, Histology, and Microscopic Anatomy

    24. Neuron and glial cells Kuehnel, Color Atlas of Cytology, Histology, and Microscopic Anatomy

    25. Summary • Nerve Tissue Cells: • Neurons: • Myelinated • Non-myelinated

    26. Summary • Nerve Tissue Cells: • Neurons: • Myelinated • Non-myelintaed • Neuroglial cells: • Astrocytes • Microglia • Oligodendrocytes