Life in the Southern United States: 1820-1860. T h e A N T E B E L L U M S O U T H. Antebellum = “before war” So when someone says, The Antebellum South , He/she means … Life in the South before the American Civil War. EMANCIPATION. Emancipation = “to set free”
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The ANTEBELLUM SOUTH • Antebellum = “before war” So when someone says, TheAntebellumSouth, He/she means … Life in the South before the American Civil War
EMANCIPATION • Emancipation = “to set free” So when someone says, The farmer emancipated his enslaved people, He/she means … The farmer set his enslaved people free
ECONOMY • ECONOMY = “a country’s resources, jobs, & production interacting” So when someone says, TheSouthern Economy was built around farming, He/she means … Most of the South’s jobs & people making money, were connected to farming
II. Emancipation in the North
III. Missouri Compromise 1820
IV. IV.ANTEBELLUM SOUTHERN SOCIETY Most common occupation = FARMING Not many factories Weak banking system Relatively few Railroads
V. By 1850, intheSouthernUnitedStates… “COTTON IS KING”
VI. A cotton gin (short for cotton engine]) is a machine that quickly and easily separates the cotton fibers from the seeds, a job previously done by hand.
Changes in Cotton Production 1820 1860
VIII. Value of Cotton Exports As % of All US Exports
IX. How many more BALES of cotton were produced in 1860 compared to 1800?
What else was necessary for cotton production to increase by 4 million bales?
“Hauling the Whole Week’s Pickings”William Henry Brown, 1842
ENSLAVED-PERSON POPULATION COTTON PRODUCTION
XI. What is the South’s COTTON KINGDOM doing once they harvest all this cotton? Who is buying cotton? Northern Factories European Markets
XII REVIEW: REASONS for COTTON PRODUCTION INCREASE COTTONGIN ENSLAVEDPEOPLE Northern U.S. & EUROPE had a high demand for cotton to be used in textile factories
XIII Summarize the correlation between increased cotton production and slave labor