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Life in the Southern United States: 1820-1860. T h e A N T E B E L L U M S O U T H. Antebellum = “before war” So when someone says, The Antebellum South , He/she means … Life in the South before the American Civil War. EMANCIPATION. Emancipation = “to set free”

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Life in the Southern United States: 1820-1860


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. Life in the Southern United States: 1820-1860

    2. The ANTEBELLUM SOUTH • Antebellum = “before war” So when someone says, TheAntebellumSouth, He/she means … Life in the South before the American Civil War

    3. EMANCIPATION • Emancipation = “to set free” So when someone says, The farmer emancipated his enslaved people, He/she means … The farmer set his enslaved people free

    4. ECONOMY • ECONOMY = “a country’s resources, jobs, & production interacting” So when someone says, TheSouthern Economy was built around farming, He/she means … Most of the South’s jobs & people making money, were connected to farming

    5. II. Emancipation in the North

    6. III. Missouri Compromise 1820

    7. IV. IV.ANTEBELLUM SOUTHERN SOCIETY Most common occupation = FARMING Not many factories Weak banking system Relatively few Railroads

    8. So if most people are farmers, what did they grow?

    9. A “Cotton Boll”

    10. V. By 1850, intheSouthernUnitedStates… “COTTON IS KING”

    11. Southern Agriculture

    12. VI. A cotton gin (short for cotton engine]) is a machine that quickly and easily separates the cotton fibers from the seeds, a job previously done by hand.

    13. VII.

    14. Changes in Cotton Production 1820 1860

    15. VIII. Value of Cotton Exports As % of All US Exports

    16. Cotton is measured in “BALES”

    17. More BALES of Cotton!

    18. IX. How many more BALES of cotton were produced in 1860 compared to 1800?

    19. What else was necessary for cotton production to increase by 4 million bales?

    20. Slaves Picking Cottonon a Mississippi Plantation

    21. “Hauling the Whole Week’s Pickings”William Henry Brown, 1842

    22. X

    23. Where is cotton production thriving?

    24. ENSLAVED-PERSON POPULATION COTTON PRODUCTION

    25. XI. What is the South’s COTTON KINGDOM doing once they harvest all this cotton? Who is buying cotton? Northern Factories European Markets

    26. XII REVIEW: REASONS for COTTON PRODUCTION INCREASE COTTONGIN ENSLAVEDPEOPLE Northern U.S. & EUROPE had a high demand for cotton to be used in textile factories

    27. XIII Summarize the correlation between increased cotton production and slave labor