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First Age of Empires

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  1. First Age of Empires

  2. Chapter 2 – Egyptian civilization united into a kingdom around 3100 BC Known as the Old Kingdom Power of pharaohs died out bringing it to an end in 2180 BC Old kingdom

  3. 2040-1640 BC Strong pharaohs gained control – brought back order! Improved trade Created 1000 of new acres of farmland Prosperity did not last Middle Kingdom

  4. A group from Palestine moved in Hyksos – “The rulers of foreign lands” Took over Egypt until 1523 BC 1640 BC

  5. When the Middle Kingdom died out, war and violence erupted Hyksos – shook Egyptians confidence Learned now that desert boundaries can’t always protect

  6. Historians believed at the same time, Hebrews settled here as well. Bible states – Abraham crossed into Canaan around 1800 BC His decedents into Egypt around 1650 BC At the same time….

  7. Hyksos ok with Hebrews – Racially akin Egyptians not ok with Hyksos 1600 – New warlike rulers in Egypt! Drove the Hyksos out! Back into Palestine and Syria Reasons unknown, Hebrews stayed …

  8. Exodus – Enslaved and forced into labor Left Egypt between 1500 and 1200 BC

  9. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=07Jrpw4sd8w

  10. Pharaohs declared a New Kingdom when they left Became wealthy Bronze weapons, two wheeled chariots New Kingdom

  11. Declared herself Pharaoh (1472 BC) Encouraged trade, not war! Egypt thrived under her! Hatshepsut

  12. Hatshepsut’s stepson – possibly had her murdered Warmonger! Created a huge empire! Moved all the way into Palestine and Syria Thutmose III

  13. Their conquest of into Syria brought them into conflict with the Hittites (1400 BC) Many small battles After – Ramses and Hittites wanted peace Treaty – “Peace and brotherhood between us forever!” Ramses II

  14. 1200 BC – After his death, many invasions again Was never able to recover Many small kingdoms now New Kingdom dies

  15. Create a Venn Diagram Egypt Nubia

  16. http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=nubia&view=detail&mid=33C8F40735B4DC16E11F33C8F40735B4DC16E11F&first=0&FORM=LKVRhttp://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=nubia&view=detail&mid=33C8F40735B4DC16E11F33C8F40735B4DC16E11F&first=0&FORM=LKVR The Kushites conquer the Nile