ce notes 13 14 constitutional compromises n.
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CE-Notes 13-14 Constitutional Compromises. Constitutional Compromises. CE Notes 13-14. NC Standards. 1.05 Identify the major domestic problems of the nation under the Articles of Confederation and assess the extent to which they were resolved by the new Constitution .

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nc standards
NC Standards
  • 1.05 Identify the major domestic problems of the nation under the Articles of Confederation and assess the extent to which they were resolved by the new Constitution.
  • 1.06 Compare viewpoints about government in the Federalist and the Anti-Federalist Papers.
  • 1.07 Evaluate the extent to which the Bill of Rights extended the Constitution.
objectives
Objectives
  • SWBAT analyze how the Constitution solved the problems with the Articles of Confederation.
  • SWBAT compare the views of the Federalists and Anti Federalists.
  • SWBAT explain the Bill of Rights and how it extended the Constitution
rap 13
RAP 13

So you are at the Constitutional Convention and our purpose is to fix all of the problems with the Articles and create a new government. First tell me what the major problems were with the Articles…

Weaknesses/Problems:

should we make changes or should we start over with a new government
Should we make changes, or should we start over with a new government?
  • People might think we’re going too far, but there are too many problems with the Articles of Confederation to simply make changes.
    • Also we just had a major rebellion, Shays’ Rebellion, where farmers/former Rev. war soldiers threatened to take over the gov’t because they weren’t being paid. George Washington had to stop the rebellion.
  • We need to start over with a new government (and this time we will have a strong national gov’t with an Executive branch and a Judicial branch).
notes 14
Notes 14

The Constitution is the Solution!

  • US Constitution: Written at the Philadelphia Constitutional Convention in 1787.
    • 13 states ratified (accepted) the Constitution by 1790.
  • Solutions to problems of the Articles:
    • Stronger national government
    • 3 branches (Executive, Legislative, Judiciary)
    • Balances states rights and the rights of the federal gov’t.
    • New Powers: collect taxes, regulate domestic and foreign commerce, raise an army.
you represent your state
You represent your state!
  • It took a long time to get EVERY state to agree on these solutions. Many compromises had to be made.
  • Remember we need all the states to agree if it will ever work and the nation will stay together
  • Finally, each state wants to get the best possible deal for itself.
notes 141
Notes 14

DEBATE #1: Deciding representation in Legislature/Congress:

  • Virginia Plan: # of representatives would depend on the state’s population (proportional representation).
    • The larger the state, the more people you have representing you in Congress.

VS.

  • New Jersey Plan: Each state has the same (equal) # of representatives
    • It doesn’t matter whether you have a small or large population, every state has the same # of representatives in Congress.
constitutional convention vote 1
Constitutional Convention Vote #1
  • Based on your state (and whether it is small or large) choose a plan for the legislature. Your options are:
    • The Virginia Plan
    • The New Jersey Plan
  • Explain: I chose the ____________ plan because…
the compromise
The Compromise
  • Connecticut Compromise AKA the Great Compromise: 2 branches of the legislature (bicameral).

 US Congress with a House and a Senate

1. Senate: every state has 2 representatives

2. House of Representatives: proportional representation based on population

name that plan
Name that plan:
  • Small states would have liked this plan for the legislature the best:__________
  • Large states would have liked this plan for the legislature the best:__________
  • This plan supported proportional representation:_____________
  • This plan thought every state should have the same number of representatives in Congress:__________
  • The Senate has the type of representation that the _____________ plan wanted.
  • The House has the type of representation that the ____________ plan wanted.
debate 2 slavery issues
Debate #2 Slavery Issues
  • Should we end slavery or not?
    • North: YES, we should end slavery
    • South: NO, we should NOT end slavery
  • Should slaves count towards representation in the legislature?
    • More slaves in your state means more Reps in the legislature!
constitutional convention vote 2
Constitutional Convention Vote #2

Should we end slavery?

  • Vote YES or NO on slavery depending on what your state would have wanted.
  • Explain: I voted _______ to end slavery because…
constitutional convention vote 3
Constitutional Convention Vote #3

Should slaves be counted for representation in the legislature?

  • Vote YES they should be counted, or NO they should not be counted based on what would benefit your state.
  • Explain: I voted _______ slaves _________ (should or should not) be counted towards representation because…
resolving the slavery issue
Resolving the Slavery Issue
  • The Slave Trade Compromise: The Framers do not end slavery, but they do end the Slave Trade by 1808.
  • The 3/5 Compromise: Slaves will count as 3/5 of a regular citizen. 5 slaves = 3 people for representation in Legislature.
debate 3 should we have a strong national government or strong state government
DEBATE # 3Should we have a strong national government or strong state government?
  • FEDERALISTS: wanted a strong national gov’t with power over the states (Federalism)
    • Alexander Hamilton, George Washington, Ben Franklin
    • Supported manufacturing and industry
    • Creditors (wealthy)
    • Loose interpretation of Constitutionread it to expand federal power
    • No Bill of Rights
should we have a strong national government or strong state government
Should we have a strong national government or strong state government?
  • ANTI-FEDERALISTS: wanted a small nat’l gov’t where the states had large independent powers.
    • Thomas Jefferson
    • Supported Agriculture
    • Some were Debtors (poor farmers)
    • Strict interpretation of Constitutionread it literally to limit federal power
    • Supported the Bill of Rights
eoc analogies
EOC Analogies
  • The federalists were to strong central government as the anti-federalists were to____________.
  • Alexander Hamilton was to the federalists as ___________ was to the anti-federalists.
  • The anti-federalists supported agriculture as the federalists supported __________.
  • The federalists were to creditors as the anti-federalists were to _________.
  • The anti-federalists were to strict interpretation as the federalists were to____________.
do we need a special document to protect individual rights liberties
Do we need a special document to protect individual rights/liberties?
  • Federalists: NO! We don’t have to worry the Federal Gov’t will respect the people.
  • Anti-Federalists: YES! We need a Bill of Rights to protect our individual freedoms. The Federal gov’t might take away our rights like our freedom of speech and religion.
    • We will NOT ratify the Constitution unless it has a Bill of Rights!!!
we need to get the constitution ratified so what should we do
We need to get the Constitution ratified so what should we do?
  • If we DON’T ratify then our country will NOT have a government.
  • Remember the Anti-Federalists will not accept unless there is a Bill of Rights, and without them we will not have enough votes to set up a new government!
constitutional vote 4
Constitutional Vote #4
  • Ratification
    • Option 1: Try to ratify the Constitution WITHOUT the Bill of Rights
    • Option 2: Try to ratify the Constitution WITH the Bill of Rights
    • Explain: I voted for option ___ because…
the final compromise
The final compromise:
  • The Bill of Rights (Amendments 1-10) was the compromise between the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists.
    • Without the addition of the Bill of Rights there would have been no new Constitution for America.
    • The Bill of Rights protects individuals and the states from the power of the federal gov’t.
name that compromise
Name that compromise:
  • This compromise made the legislature have 2 branches.
  • This compromise counted slaves as 3/5 of a normal citizen
  • This compromise protected state’s rights
  • This compromise protected individual rights and freedoms
  • This compromise ended the slave trade in 1808.
  • This compromise gave the states equal power in electing the President.
think pair share
Think-Pair-Share
  • Think: Read the Article
  • Pair: Discuss with someone sitting next to you the followingwrite their answers
    • Would you consider yourself a Federalist or an Anti-Federalist?
    • Do you think the national government should have the power to do whatever necessary to protect this county?
    • Do you think the national government should be able to obtain your personal records (bank accounts, library, email) without your permission?
  • 3. SHARE with the class.
index card 1
Index Card 1
  • Which of the following is an argument an Federalist would make in favor of the Patriot Act?
    • States can strike down federal laws
    • Government must do whatever is necessary to provide national security
    • National security must never take away from individual rights
    • The judicial branch should not have any power in deciding court cases
index card 2
Index Card 2
  • What were supporters of the Bill of Rights called?
    • Parliament
    • monarchs
    • Federalists
    • Anti-Federalists
index card 3
Index Card 3
  • Why did the Anti-Federalists want a Bill of Rights in their Constitution?
    • To list their rights
    • To protect their rights from the power of the federal government
    • To prevent the ratification of the Constitution
    • To argue with the Federalists
index card 4
Index Card 4
  • Which of the following resolved the fight over representation in Congress between small and large states?
    • The 3/5 compromise
    • The New Jersey Plan
    • The Virginia Plan
    • Connecticut Compromise