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APA Format Plagiarism, Cheating, Referencing, and Citations. Psychology 291 September 9-11, 2013. APA 6 th edition. Manual available for purchase (~ $40) Available on reserve at the library (6 copies) Available from Psych dept. secretary (1 copy)

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Apa format plagiarism cheating referencing and citations

APA FormatPlagiarism, Cheating, Referencing, and Citations

Psychology 291

September 9-11, 2013

Apa 6 th edition
APA 6th edition

  • Manual available for purchase (~ $40)

  • Available on reserve at the library (6 copies)

  • Available from Psych dept. secretary (1 copy)

  • Updated link on Psychology Department Website

  • OWL at Purdue

Physical formatting
Physical Formatting

  • Margins = 1 inch

  • Font = Times New Roman, Palatino Linotype, Courier in 12 point font size

  • Do not justify margins

  • Double spaced but no added spaces between paragraphs

  • Single space after a period (4.01-4.11)

  • Pages numbered with Arabic numerals

  • Include a running head 0.5 inches from top margin

  • Indent paragraphs (except Abstract)

General content formatting
General Content Formatting

  • Do not use contractions

  • Observe number formatting rules (4.31-4.38)

  • Avoid the use of biased language (3.12-3.17)

    • Sexist, heterosexist, racist, ageist, etc. language

  • Use clear and concise language (3.05-3.11)

Academic integrity
Academic Integrity

  • Plagiarism:

    • The misrepresentation of another’s ideas, words, or other work as one’s own, plagiarism is a form of theft.

  • Types of plagiarism may include:

    a) quoting, paraphrasing, or summarizing text, even small portions of text, without proper acknowledgement; paraphrasing too closely; and,

    b) downloading from the Web or from a library or any other database all or part of a paper, a journal article, or a book, or downloading any other website material, excluding bibliography makers, and presenting it as one’s own work.


  • Cheating:

    • A more direct form of academic theft.

  • Types of cheating may include:

  • Buying, selling, or sharing papers or other assignments, or submitting them as one's own work

  • Collaborating on assignments designated as individual

  • Submitting to one instructor work completed for another

  • Copying or using unauthorized aids during examinations

  • Impersonating another or allowing oneself to be impersonated

  • Illicitly obtaining, viewing, or sharing information about an assignment or an examination before it is administered


  • Failure to cite properly is Plagiarism!

  • Use APA format citations when writing about researchers or any idea that is not your own

  • Avoid direct quotations where ever possible!

    • If you cannot avoid a quotation, you must include the page number in the citation and use quotation marks. Failure to do so is Plagiarism!

  • Do not refer to research by using phrases such as “the article”, “the paper”, “the first article” or by the article’s title!

Types of citations
Types of Citations

  • Citations provide the author(s) and year

  • Citations may appear as a part of the sentence:

    • In their study, Jamison and Signorella (1980) had subjects …

  • Citations may be used to support a statement:

    • Several studies report that subjects who identify with masculine sex roles perform better in spatial tasks than those who identify with female sex roles (Jamison & Signorella, 1980; Nash, 1975; Signorella & Jamison, 1978, 1986; Vaught, 1965).

  • If multiple citations are included for a single statement they appear in the same order as the reference page and are separated by semi-colon.

Authors in citation table 6 1
Authors in Citation (Table 6.1)

  • Single Author

    • Every time: (Nash, 1975)

  • Two Authors

    • Every time: (Jamison & Signorella, 1980)

  • Three to five authors

    • First time: (Verbunt, Pernot, & Smeets, 2008)

    • Subsequent times: (Verbunt et al., 2008)

  • Six or more authors

    • Every time: (Kosslyn et al., 1996)

Reference page
Reference Page

  • You must reference everything you cite and you must cite everything you reference

  • Alphabetical order by first author’s last name

    • Do not change the order of authors!

    • If multiple entries by same author(s), order chronologically

  • Each reference begins flush left. Any subsequent lines are indented 0.5 inches

  • Each element of a reference is separated by a period

  • Use “&” rather than “and”



American Psychological Association. (2009). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Carlson, N.R., & Buskist, W. (1997). Psychology: The Science of Behavior (5th ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Wheeler, D.S., & Miller, R.R. (2008). Determinants of cue interactions. Behavioural Processes, 78, 191-203. doi: 10.1016/j.beproc.2008.02.002

Note: Please register your student ID at the main desk of the library before lab next weekLab Assignment 1Due October 2, 2013By Noon