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Providing global public goods. Finance, Compliance, Governance. No ‘ one-size-fits-all ’ solution. Not all public goods are the same Different costs Different benefits Different architectures for provision States do not have the same preferences

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providing global public goods

Providing global public goods

Finance, Compliance, Governance

no one size fits all solution
No ‘one-size-fits-all’ solution
  • Not all public goods are the same
    • Different costs
    • Different benefits
    • Different architectures for provision
  • States do not have the same preferences
    • Because they perceive the goods differently
    • Because they are not equally developped
    • Because they have different governments
different methods of supply
Different methods of supply
  • Single best effort
    • Can be supplied unilaterally
    • Examples: vaccine, landing on the moon,...
  • Weakest link
    • Depends on the states that contribute the least
    • Examples: smallpox eradication, fight against terrorism,...
  • Aggregate efforts
    • Depends on the combined efforts of everyone
    • Examples: climate change
who pays
Who pays?
  • Taxes or voluntary contributions?
  • Unilateral or multilateral funding?
  • Issues of justice and equity:
    • Capacity to pay
    • Grandfathering
    • Retributive justice
    • Relationship between the contributors and the beneficiaries?
sovereignty as an obstactle for the provision of global public goods
Sovereignty as an obstactle for the provision of global public goods?
  • Since the Peace of Westphalia, international relations are based on the principle of sovereignty.
  • Is this institutional framework still adequate given the multiplicity and diversity of actors?
  • Issues of trust
  • Contested institutions
sustainable development as a paradigm for cooperation
Sustainable development as a paradigm for cooperation
  • Collaborative decision process
    • Other actors than states are associated
  • Definition of collective preferences
    • Not just an aggregate of individual preferences
  • Justice and equity
    • As conditions of sustainable agreements
  • Burden and responsibility sharing
    • Different conceptions of equity
compliance
Compliance
  • Sanctions
    • Do sanctions work?
    • What kind of sanctions?
  • Incentives
  • Balance between a stronger provision and a larger participation
ultimately
Ultimately
  • Do global public goods, as a concept, advance the provision of these goods?
    • How is the concept useful in the global governance debate?
    • Can it help policy-makers view the goods differently?