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Alcohol in our Community

Alcohol in our Community. What….is going on?. Project ACE. What is Project ACE? A collaborative effort that includes business people, government officials, law enforcement leaders, social service professionals, K-16 educators.

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Alcohol in our Community

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  1. Alcohol in our Community What….is going on?

  2. Project ACE What is Project ACE? • A collaborative effort that includes business people, government officials, law enforcement leaders, social service professionals, K-16 educators. • Using a community-based assets driven approach to change attitudes and behavior. • Seeking to encourage Action, foster Commitment, and offer Education for the purpose of helping young people in our region make healthier choices with regard to six challenging issues in their lives…

  3. Project ACE – Six Topics • Alcohol • Methamphetamine & other drugs (Tobacco, Cocaine, Marijuana) • Suicide • Violence • Sexual Activity • Gambling

  4. Project ACE – Why? • Because we care about young people in southwest North Dakota • We recognize the critically important role young people will play in the future successes and vitality of North Dakota.

  5. Badlands Human Service Center Bureau of Criminal Investigation Chamber of Commerce Clear Channel Radio – KCAD, KZRX, KLTC Community Action Partnership Department of Public Instruction Dickinson Ministerial Association Dickinson Police Department Dickinson State University Domestic Violence and Rape Crisis Center Elected Officials KDIX Radio KQCD-TV KXMA-CBS2 NDSU Extension North Dakota Highway Patrol Quality Quick Print Region VIII School Systems Rural Crime and Justice Center Southwestern District Health Unit Southwest District Juvenile Court St. Joseph’s Hospital & Health Center Stark County Sheriff’s Department Stark County Social Services The Dickinson Press West Dakota Parent & Family Resource Center Project ACE – Partners

  6. Project ACE Death’s from motor vehicle crashes in ND Total Victims as of 11/18/05 2002 2003 2004 2005 97 105 100 111 Alcohol Related Victims 48 53 38 44 (49.5%) (50%) (38%) (40%)

  7. Project ACE Potential costs to Parents/Taxpayers Juvenile Court – Avg. Costs • Hearings - $26.07 to $36.53 per hour • Probation - $26.07 per hour • Judges Average Salary - $60 per hour • Community Service - $40 • Fines - $250 • Attorney fees – DUI $125 per hour • Court Administrative fee - $225-$425 • Written Reports, Curfew • Notice to Schools • Loss of extra curricular activities for six weeks – to include sports • Loss of Driving privileges

  8. Project ACE Who… Juvenile & Adult Costs - DUI Seminar - $ 150.00 • MIP/MIC Seminar - $60 - $225.00 • Alcohol Evaluation - $ 100.00 - 160.00 • Outpatient Program - $ 1,600.00 - Home on the Range – Avg. $145 per day plus the education expenses from home school district.

  9. Project ACE • Driver’s License Suspension/Reinstatement • First offense – (91 days @ $10/day for a taxi) - $910.00 • Reinstatement fee - $100.00 TOTAL COSTS . . . SUSPENDED

  10. Project ACE Avg. Costs for youth 16-20 years Total First Offense – DUI One Time Costs $1,790.00 Plus Insurance Premium Second Offense Costs (5 days Jail and 365 days suspended) $4,760.00 Plus Insurance Doubled and Lost Wages Third Offense Costs (60 days Jail and 2 years suspended) $10,355.00 Plus Insurance Quadrupled (If you can find an insurance company to take you) and Lost Wages

  11. Project ACE Response Time After Drinking • Reaction Time increases ¾ sec. avg. • Takes long time for a person to step on break from gas pedal - turn right or left to react to another vehicle or other road hazard. • Tunnel Vision – Do not see any oncoming traffic or road hazards in your peripheral area. • “Zone Out” or “Zone In” on headlights or any other stimulus.

  12. Project ACE DUI Enhanced offense – 39-08-0.4 Driving while under the influence of alcohol while being accompanied by a minor – Penalty. It is a class A misdemeanor for an individual who is at least 21 years of age to violate section 39-08-01 if the violation occurred while a minor was accompanying the individual in a motor vehicle. .08 - .17 BAC 91 day suspension – first offense. .18 BAC or greater – 180 day suspension first offense.

  13. Project ACE Graduated Drivers License Driver underage 18 – Any alcohol violation results in cancellation of Drivers License. Youth 14-18 must repeat drivers education and retake the drivers tests. NOTE: Parent or guardian have the right or ability to revoke a youths drivers license if they chose to for whatever disciplinary reason they may need. Cancelled

  14. Project ACE Buyer Beware! 5-01-09. Delivery to certain person unlawful. Any person knowingly delivering alcoholic beverages to a person under twenty-one years of age, except as allowed under section 5-02-06, or to a habitual drunkard, an incompetent, or an obviously intoxicated person is guilty of a class A misdemeanor, subject to sections 5-01-08, 5-01-08.1, and 5-01-08.2

  15. Project ACE Alcohol is the Drug of Choice “More youth drink than smoke tobacco or use illegal drugs. Yet federal investments in preventing underage drinking are 25 times less than the current investments targeted at preventing illicit drug use.”

  16. Project ACE Federal Investment on Alcohol and Other Drug Prevention In fiscal 2000, the nation spent approximately: s$1.8 billion on preventing illicit drug use. s$100 million plus on smoking prevention. s$71.1 million on efforts to prevent underage alcohol use.

  17. Project ACE Highlights from SAMHSA (Substance Abuse & Mental Health Service Administration) study? Rates for current underage binge drinking among those aged 12-20 was lowest in Utah (13.7%) and highest in North Dakota (32.5%). http://oas.samhsa.gov 2002-2003

  18. Project ACE Drinking is a Different Experience Today What has changed: • What you drink (potency of alcohol) • How much you drink • Frequency of your drinking • Age you began drinking • Overall availability of alcohol • Definition of a “drink” • Responsible/Moderate Drinking

  19. Project ACE Alcoholic Beverage Options Have Expanded A wide array of new alcohol beverage products that appeal to a variety of tastes. • Bottled pre-mixed drinks. • Sweet tasting liquor-based beverages called “alco-pops.” • The addiction of “Ice” beer that contains a higher ethyl alcohol content than premium beer.

  20. Project ACE New Container Sizes Encourage Greater Consumption • A standard drink of beer refers to 12 ounces of beer. • Today, beer is sold in 12 ounce, 22 ounce, 32 ounce, 40 and 64 ounce containers. • Standard serving size for draft beer has shifted to 16 oz. and 22 oz. glasses. • This new sizing creates confusion about what constitutes a drink.

  21. Project ACE Factors Contributing to Youth Alcohol Consumption • Easy access to alcohol • Inconsistent enforcement of laws and policies in the community • Alcohol advertising and promotion • Lack of perceived risk and understanding of alcohol problems. • Poor adult role modeling/supervision • Community norms that are tolerant of underage drinking

  22. Project ACE Alcohol-related Consequences Among Youth & Adults • Unprotected and unplanned sexual encounters • Unwanted Pregnancy • Sexually transmitted diseases • Acquaintance rape • Unintentional injury • Car crashes/fatalities • Interpersonal violence • Suicide • Alcohol use disorders (tolerance, alcohol poisoning, problem drinking, addiction)

  23. Project ACE Social Effects of Teenage Alcohol Consumption • School suspension/expulsion • Missed learning opportunities • Impaired social development • Academic failure • Psychological problems • Emotional problems • Victimization • Drinking and Driving • Impaired physical/mental development • Delinquency

  24. Project ACE Why Teens Act The Way They Do! The command center of the brain is not fully developed till about age 25. • Alcohol affects teen brains differently. • Teen brains are impulsive, think they are invincible, egocentric, distracted, and risk takers. • Therefore, Teens need connection to adults who can be their surrogate brain for awhile. Dr. David Walsh, PhD – www.teenwiseparents.org

  25. Project ACE Adolescent Drinking Adolescent drinkers perform worse in school, are more likely to fall behind and have an increased risk of social problems, depression, suicidal thoughts and violence.

  26. Project ACE Prevalence of Lifetime Alcohol Dependence by Age of Drinking Onset • In 2002, 10.7 million kids had consumed alcohol in the last month. • 40% of kids who begin drinking before age 13 will develop alcohol abuse or alcohol dependency. • Delaying the onset of drinking by 5 years decreases the risk by 50%. Source: 2002 National Survey on Drug Use and Health.

  27. Project ACE Girls are Drinking at Younger Ages • In the 1960’s, 7% of new female users of alcohol were ages 10 to 14. • By the early 1990’s, that figure had risen to 31%. • Smaller amounts of alcohol are more intoxicating to females, regardless of their size, because women absorb and metabolize alcohol differently than men.

  28. Project ACE So What.. In 2003… North Dakota leads the nation in… #1 Youth who have ridden with someone who had been drinking 1+ times in the past 30 days. (42.8% 2003 – 37.4% 2005) #1 Youth who drove when they had been drinking 1+ times in past 30 days. (26.7% 2003 – 22.0% 2005) North Dakota Youth Risk Behavior Survey 2003-2005

  29. Project ACE So What continued… #1 Youth drank alcohol 1+ days in the past 30 days. (54.2% 2003 – 49.0% 2005) #1 Had 5+ drinks in a row 1+ days in the past 30 days. (39.5% 2003 – 33.8% 2005) North Dakota Youth Risk Behavior Survey 2003 - 2005

  30. Project ACE Prevalence of Underage Risky Drinking in the United States, 2003 • In 2003, 7.2 million kids, 12-20 were binge drinkers. • More than one-quarter of kids aged 12-20 engaged in binge drinking during the past month. • Binge drinking is defined as consuming 5 or more drinks for a male, or 4 or more drinks for a female at least one day in the past month.

  31. Project ACE Effects of High-Risk College Drinking • Death: 1,700 college students between the ages of 18 and 24 die each year from alcohol-related unintentional injuries, including motor vehicle crashes. • Injury: 500,000 students between the ages of 18 and 24 are unintentionally injured under the influence of alcohol. • Assault: More than 600,000 students between the ages of 18 and 24 are assaulted by another student who has been drinking. • Drunk Driving: 2.1 million students between the ages of 18 and 24 drove under the influence of alcohol last year. NIAAA & Hingson et al., 2002

  32. Project ACE Effects of High-Risk College Drinking • Sexual Abuse: More than 70,000 students between the ages of 18 and 24 are victims of alcohol-related sexual assault or date rape. • Unsafe Sex: 400,000 students between the ages of 18 and 24 had unprotected sex and more than 100,000 students between the ages of 18 and 24 report having been too intoxicated to know if they consented to having sex.

  33. Project ACE Effects of High-Risk College Drinking • Academic Data: National Statistics • show that students who consume 8 drinks or more per week carry a “C” or 2.00 GPA • Show that students who consume 11 drinks or more per week carry a “D” or 1.00 GPA • National attrition rates from freshman to sophomore years: 32.7% Sources: NIAAA Report 2002 & ACT Data 2002

  34. Project ACE Policies Dickinson State Universities Alcohol Policy is the most stringent in the North Dakota University System. • Notify Parents (student under 21 years of age) • Fines - • $100 1st offense • $200 2nd offense • $400 3rd offense

  35. Project ACE CORE Survey – Dickinson State University 2003 ^ 84% of DSU students report using alcohol over the past year ^ 92% of male DSU students say that drinking is a central part of the social life on campus ^ 83% of female DSU students say that drinking is a central part of the social life of campus

  36. Project ACE Core Survey continued… ^ There were 77 alcohol violations for the DSU campus in 2002-2003 (82% freshmen) ^ There were 71 alcohol violations for DSU campus in 2003-2004 (80% Freshmen) ^ There were 78 alcohol violations for the DSU campus for 2004-2005 (85% Freshman)

  37. Project ACE Now What Can We Do? Possible Solutions • Become involved youth. • Utilize every possible resource to help children before alcohol becomes a problem. • Talk to your children at every age about the problems alcohol can and may already have caused your family. (This can never start to young!) • Know that your kids are “good kids”, but even “good kids” make poor decisions. • We all love and want to protect our children. • Children need to experience consequences for themselves. That is the way we all learn.

  38. Monitor them- Avoid over reacting- Seek assistance- Make sure your children are where they are supposed to be. Watch for signs of drug use over time. Many typical teen behaviors could be characterized as signs of drug use. Call on a professional for guidance if a problem is obvious (Doctor, counselor, etc.) Project ACE What Can Parents Do?

  39. Be informed- Share information- Be truthful- Be alert- Know the facts about substance abuse Talk with your family about drugs Express your feelings about the dangers of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs to your children. Know what is happening in your child’s world, who their friends are, and where your child is going. Project ACE What Can Parents Do?

  40. Resources • www.alcoholfreechildren.org • www.cadca.org • www.faceproject.org • www.jointogether.org • www.marininstitute.org • www.madd.org • www.niaaa.nih.gov • www.ProjectACEnd.com • www.safecommunities.org

  41. Project ACE • Now What? - The Challenge • Ultimately, reducing underage drinking is a question of will. • As adults, what we say and what we do – provide the leadership for CHANGE. • Are we willing to do what it takes to initiate change in our community?

  42. Project ACE Presenters • Alcohol Committee * Becky Byzewski * Hal Haynes * Virginia Illich * Eldon Mehrer * Ellie Papineau * Deb Theurer

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