Nepal health status country profile in brief
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Nepal: Health Status Country Profile in Brief. Dr Paras K Pokharel Associate Professor Department of Community Medicine BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences Dharan, Nepal. Map of the Country . NEPAL. Population Statistics.

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Nepal health status country profile in brief

Nepal: Health Status Country Profile in Brief

Dr Paras K Pokharel

Associate Professor

Department of Community Medicine

BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences Dharan, Nepal



Population statistics
Population Statistics

Population of Nepal increased from 15million in 1981 to 18.5 million in 1991 and their to 23.1 million in 2001 fixing an annual growth rate of 2.2 percent in 19-01 decade. Geographic distribution is uneven. The census of 2001 counted 7.3, 44.3 and 48.4 percent of the total population in the Mountain, Hill and the Terai, regions respectively. Urban areas, then 33, accommodated 9.2 percent of the total population in 1991.


Major demographic parameters
Major Demographic Parameters

Crude Birth Rate (CBS) 32.5 Per 1000 Population

Crude Death Rate (CDR) 9.3 Per 1000 Population

Total Fertility Rate (TFR) 4.1 Per woman

Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) 64.1 Per 1000 live births

Expectation of life at birth

(2001) 59.7

Labour force participation (for the year 1998/ 99)

Unemployment Rate 1.8% (population aged 15 years and over)

Literacy (for the year 2001)

Literacy Rate 53.7% (population aged 6 years and over)


Economy expenditure in health
Economy & Expenditure In Health

The value of gross domestic product at producer’s price, in 2000/2001, is estimates to be Rs.376,433 millions which is higher by 10.9% of the previous year. Total expenditure in health by government in 1996/97 is Rs.885.4 million, in 1997/98 is Rs.1049.0 million, in 1998/99 is Rs.1137.4 million and in 1999/2000 Rs.1324.8 million spent by government in health sector. The public expenditure on health is 1.2% of GDP.

Note: ($1 = Nrs.78.00)


Top ten diseases
Top Ten Diseases

Sore Eye 7 Complaints

0.93

0.96

1.06

Abdominal Pain

5.51

Chronic Bronchitis

1.4

Ear Infection

Gastritis

1.95

Pyrexia

Itestinal Worms

2.02

ARI

3.35

Diarrhoeal Diseases

2.82

3.13

STD / HIV & Skin

Diseases







Communication facilities
Communication Facilities

Telephones - main lines in use: 436,816 (January 2002)

Telephones - mobile cellular: 15000

Telephone system:

General assessment: fair telephone and telegraph service International: radiotelephone communications; microwave landline to India

Satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean)

Radio broadcast stations: AM 6, FM 5, shortwave 1 (January 2000)


Health services
Health Services

Description 1999/2000 2000/01 2001/02

Hospitals 83 93 89

Health Centres 10 10 10

Health Posts 711 700 700

Ayurvedic Services 275 285 285

Sub – Health Posts 3179 3171 3161

Primary Health Centres 160 180 205

Hospital Beds

Government Sector 5190 5250 5310

Private Sector 200 300 300


Human resources in health
Human Resources in Health

Description 1999/2000 2000/01 2001/02

Doctors* 1259 3600 5415

Nurses 2907 3621 3921

ANM 1748 3242 3942

Kaviraj 292 302 313

Vaidya 322 337 354

Health Assistants 5295 5295 8966

Health Workers 3190 3321 3321

Village Health Workers 4015 3985 3980

Health Volunteers 62546 62546 62546


References
References

  • Annual Health Report. Dept. of Health Services, 2001

  • Statistical Pocket Book, 2002, Nepal (www.cbs.gov.np)

  • Connectivity Providers - Contact Data

    • Mercantile Office Systems

    • World Link Communications

    • Health Net Nepal

  • Reports on Networking Infrastructure in Nepal

    • The Nepali Internet

    • UUCP access in Nepal

    • Nepal with Full Internet

    • Nepal contact info

    • .np country domain is active


References1
References

  • Web Links Concerning ISPs and Networking in Nepal

    • Top Level Domain contact

    • World Link Communications

    • Mercantile Office Systems

  • General Web Links to Information about Nepal

    • 2000 World Factbook: Nepal (U.S. CIA)

    • Nepal Online http://www.nepalonline.net

    • NepalNet http://www.panasia.org.sg/nepalnet

    • City.Net Nepal http://www.city.net/countries/nepal


T h a n k y o u
THANK YOU


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