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Ablative Absolutes

Ablative Absolutes

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Ablative Absolutes

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  1. Ablative Absolutes Revise the Ablative endings Revise the different participles The Ablative Absolute – the thing that gets you an A

  2. The ablative _ • puella = puella / puellis • servus = servo / servis • leo = leone / leonibus

  3. Spot the ablatives • puellis / puellae/ puellarum/ puella • servi / servo / servos / servis • leonis / leonem / leoni / leone • mercatores/ puellae / senibus / servum

  4. Now for…PARTICIPLES – a reminder Verbs that dress up as adjectives

  5. PRESENT PARTICIPLES Go like… INGE NS INGE NTEM CARRY- ING INGE NTIS INGE NTI INGE NTI PORTA T HE CARRIES

  6. PERFECT PASSIVE PARTICIPLES - PPP BON US HAVING BEEN CARRIED BON UM BON I BON O BON O PORTAT HE CARRIES You get the idea. Of course these are only masculine.

  7. PERFECT ACTIVE PARTICIPLES – PAP (X men verbs) BON US HAVING ENTERED BON UM BON I BON O BON O INGRESS You get the idea. Of course these are only masculine.

  8. FUTURE PARTICIPLES BON US ABOUT TO CARRY BON UM BON I FUTURE BON O BON O PORTAT UR HE CARRIES You get the idea.

  9. NOW FOR THE MAIN EVENT… Ablative Absolutes Noun and Participles doing it on their own.

  10. A NOUN in the Ablative Maybe just two words then a comma + A, O, E, IS, IBUS A PARTICIPLE in the Ablative urbe capta, hostes gaudebant. PPP – “With the NOUN having been VERBed” When the NOUN had been VERBed

  11. E.g. • anulo invento, omnes gaudebant. • ponte deleto, nemo flumen transire poterat. • nave refecta, mercator profectus est.

  12. A NOUN in the Ablative Maybe just two words then a comma + A, O, E, IS, IBUS A PARTICIPLE in the Ablative Pres Part- “with the NOUN VERBing” WHILE the NOUN was VERBing PPP – “With the NOUN having been VERBed” When the NOUN had been VERBed

  13. E.g. • poeta recitante, fur pecuniam auferebat. • milite pugnante, hostes discedebant. • domino laborante, servi fessi erant.

  14. A NOUN in the Ablative Maybe just two words then a comma + A, O, E, IS, IBUS A PARTICIPLE in the Ablative Pres Part- “with the NOUN VERBing” WHILE the NOUN was VERBing PAP- With the NOUN having VERBed PPP – “With the NOUN having been VERBed” When the NOUN had VERBed When the NOUN had been VERBed

  15. E.g. • domina egressa, servi ludere coeperunt. • domino locuto, servi riserunt. • leone ingresso, spectatores clamaverunt.

  16. Ablative Absolutes A NOUN in the Ablative Maybe just two words then a comma + A, O, E, IS, IBUS A PARTICIPLE in the Ablative Pres Part- “with the NOUN VERBing” WHILE the NOUN was VERBing PAP- With the NOUN having VERBed PPP – “With the NOUN having been VERBed” When the NOUN had VERBed When the NOUN had been VERBed

  17. Of course pronouns can replace the noun… quo facto, servi clamaverunt.

  18. But what about “to be” • Caesare duce, hostes perterriti erant. • me custode, omnes gaudebant. • inscia matre, discessi.

  19. Achilles and Patroclus Graeci urbem Troiam oppugnabant. multi vires fortes inter eos erant, sed nemo fortior quam Achilles. rex tamen, nomine Agamemnon, iniuriam magnam ei intulerat. iratus, igitur, Achilles in bello pugnare cupiebat. mox Graeci a Troianis paene victi sunt. Patroclus, amicus Achillis, vidit Troianos naves Graecorum incendere. itaque ad Achillem adiit, nam ex omnibus amicus carissimus erat: “trade mihi, ” inquit “arma tua.” Patroclus, hoc modo armatus, militibus Achillis eductis, Troianos vicit. tandem Hector, fortissimus e Troianis, eum hasta necavit. Patroclo ita necato, arma a corpore cepit. statim Achilles tristissimus, armis novis a deis datis, Hectorem petivit. Hectore interfecto, arma sua receipt. itaque pro amico mortuo Troianos vicit.