Crime rates increased • Cramped tenements in overcrowded neighborhoods (slums) • Alcoholism increased • Disease spread quickly • Pollution
City planners created parks, boulevards, public buildings • Safety improved with street lights, police forces and expanded fire protection • Sewage systems cut death rates • Trolley lines allowed people to move further from their work
7. How did the Industrial Revolution change the old social order and long-held traditions in the Western World?
Three distinct social classes emerged – upper, middle & working • Middle class tastes and values became a measuring stick for the working class • “Cult of domesticity”
Women sought a political voice, the right to vote, the chance to attend universities • Temperance movement • Women’s suffrage
Late 1800s – improvements to public education – more children attended school, teacher training schools were set up • Colleges & universities expanded as well
Social Darwinism Social Gospel
8. What artistic movements emerged in reaction to the Industrial Revolution?
Romanticism • Reaction to the Enlightenment • Writers = combined history, legend, folklore • Music & art – emphasized feelings
Realism • Represent the world as it was, not idealistic • Often portrayed the poor and their struggles
Impressionism • The first “impression” of a scene from the viewer’s perspective