Three Major Monotheistic Religions. Mr. Nabors Social Studies. Why Religion?. Religious, sacred, stories that provide basis for beliefs/practices Origins of humanity, creation of the universe, nature of death/illness Lay the founding for values/morals. Why Religion? continued.
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Three Major Monotheistic Religions Mr. Nabors Social Studies
Why Religion? Religious, sacred, stories that provide basis for beliefs/practices Origins of humanity, creation of the universe, nature of death/illness Lay the founding for values/morals
Why Religion? continued All religions serve a number of important functions: It offers comfort in times of crisis. They tell us what is right and wrong, sets standard for acceptable behavior.
Polytheism Belief in several gods and/or goddesses Examples are: Hinduism Shintoism
Monotheism • Belief in one god or goddess • Examples are: • Islam • Judaism • Christianity
Animism belief in spirit beings who are believed to animate all of nature. belief that the world is animated by impersonal supernatural powers. (I.e. “The Force”)
Main Menu Islam Judaism Christianity
Judaism • JUDAISM is the oldest of the three religions • JUDAISM was the first monotheistic religion. Two other religions developed from Judaism: Christianity and Islam.
Judaism • The "Torah," is the most important Jewish book. • It contains the basic laws of Judaism.
Judaism • The Jewish house of worship is called a synagogue. • Rabbis act as spiritual leaders • Abraham, the prophet, was born under the name Abram in the city of Ur in Babylonia see here • Christians believe that Jesus was the son of god while Jewish believers disagree and think he is yet to come
Jewish Beliefs • God is unique • God is the creator • God is lawgiver • God is personal • All have an obligation to worship • The Torah is God's law • God is judge • The Messiah will come.
Christianity • Early Hebrews (Jewish) became the foundation of Christianity. • Jesus (the Messiah), was a Jewish boy who disagreed with Jewish beliefs. • Led to the beginning of the Christian religion.
Christianity • Christianity started about 2000 years ago (same time of Jesus). • The central belief is that God (the Father) had a Son (Jesus), who later rose as the Holy Spirit.
Christian Beliefs • God is the Creator of the universe. • Jesus was the son of god. • The Bible is the Holy Book that records God's story • Christians Worship in a church
Islam • ISLAM is the name given to the religion preached by the prophet Muhammad in the 600s A. D. • started in an area known as Palestine
Islam • The holy book of Islam is the Quar’an (Koran). • Allah, is the Islamic God. • People who believe these ideas are called Muslims.
Islamic Beliefs • Muslims worship in mosques or Masjids • While praying, followers kneel and face the direction of the holy city of Mecca (in Saudi-Arabia). • All Muslims need to make a pilgrimage (trip to a sacred place) to Mecca at least once in their life.
Islamic Beliefs The 'Five Pillars' of Islam are the foundation of Muslim life: • Faith or belief in the Oneness of God and the belief in Muhammad, the prophet; • Establishment of daily prayers; • Concern for the needy; • Self-purification through fasting; and • The pilgrimage to Mecca for those who are able