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Monotheistic Religions Islam, Judaism, and Christianity. Ms. Hunt 7 th Grade Humanities 2011-2012. Agenda: Wednesday, September 14 th , 2011. OBJ: To outline the major factors of the World’s most practiced monotheistic religions. 1. Journal 2. Notes- Monotheistic Religions

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monotheistic religions islam judaism and christianity

Monotheistic Religions Islam, Judaism, and Christianity

Ms. Hunt

7th Grade Humanities 2011-2012

agenda wednesday september 14 th 2011
Agenda: Wednesday, September 14th, 2011
  • OBJ: To outline the major factors of the World’s most practiced monotheistic religions.
  • 1. Journal
  • 2. Notes- Monotheistic Religions
  • 3. Review of Religion Chart
  • 4. Poster Races!
  • 5. Unit 1 Study Guide
  • HW: Work on Study Guide (Due on test day!)
journal wednesday september 14 th 2011
Journal: Wednesday, September 14th, 2011
  • What is a religion?
  • Do you think culture effects the development or belief in a religion?
monotheistic religions
Monotheistic Religions
  • Islam
    • “Submission to the will of Allah”
    • Muslim- someone who practices Islam
  • Founder- Muhammad
    • Very wealthy merchant, did not like the troubles in society… Went to seek answers!
islam practices
Islam Practices
  • Holy text- Koran/ Qu’ran (Written in Arabic)
  • Founded/ Place of Origin- Arabian Peninsula (Mecca)
  • Basic Belief- Live a good life
  • Five Pillars of Islam
    • Declaration of Faith
    • Prayer- 5 times a day facing Mecca
    • Alms- giving to charity
    • Fasting
    • Pilgrimage- travel to Mecca
  • Caliph (Ruler) governs the religion
    • Shari’ah- code of laws (used in religious and government ways)
division in islam
Division in Islam
  • Sunni- believe that rulers of Islamic nations must practices Islam and believe in Allah
  • Shia- believe that rulers of an Islamic nation must be a direct descendent of Muhammad
israelites
Israelites
  • Exodus 1300 B.C.
  • Leader- Moses led them out and to current day Israel
    • Mt. Sinai- 10 commandments (basis for religious life and daily practices)
judaism
Different views of Judaism

Orthodox

Conservative

Reform

Rabbi’s - Jewish priests

Judaism
  • Monotheistic- Adonai (God)
    • Founder- Abraham Covenant with God only worship him, no others
      • Hebrews- people who practice Judaism
      • Holy Text- Torah and Ten Commandments
    • Main Idea- Live a good and moral life
christianity
Christianity
  • Holy text- Bible (Gospel and New Testament)
  • Basic Belief- Have a personal relationship with god
  • Believe in God, Jesus, and the Trinity

*Place of Origin/ Holy City- Jerusalem

divisions in christianity
Divisions in Christianity
  • Christians- those who practice Christianity
  • All churches led by priests
  • Catholic/ Orthodox- Believe in saints and the role of the Pope
  • Protestant- do not believe in the Pope as a government official
    • Methodist, Presbyterian, Lutheran, Baptist, etc.
    • More personal form of worship