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Monotheistic Religions Islam, Judaism, and Christianity. Ms. Hunt 7 th Grade Humanities 2011-2012. Agenda: Wednesday, September 14 th , 2011. OBJ: To outline the major factors of the World’s most practiced monotheistic religions. 1. Journal 2. Notes- Monotheistic Religions
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Monotheistic Religions Islam, Judaism, and Christianity Ms. Hunt 7th Grade Humanities 2011-2012
Agenda: Wednesday, September 14th, 2011 • OBJ: To outline the major factors of the World’s most practiced monotheistic religions. • 1. Journal • 2. Notes- Monotheistic Religions • 3. Review of Religion Chart • 4. Poster Races! • 5. Unit 1 Study Guide • HW: Work on Study Guide (Due on test day!)
Journal: Wednesday, September 14th, 2011 • What is a religion? • Do you think culture effects the development or belief in a religion?
Monotheistic Religions • Islam • “Submission to the will of Allah” • Muslim- someone who practices Islam • Founder- Muhammad • Very wealthy merchant, did not like the troubles in society… Went to seek answers!
Islam Practices • Holy text- Koran/ Qu’ran (Written in Arabic) • Founded/ Place of Origin- Arabian Peninsula (Mecca) • Basic Belief- Live a good life • Five Pillars of Islam • Declaration of Faith • Prayer- 5 times a day facing Mecca • Alms- giving to charity • Fasting • Pilgrimage- travel to Mecca • Caliph (Ruler) governs the religion • Shari’ah- code of laws (used in religious and government ways)
Division in Islam • Sunni- believe that rulers of Islamic nations must practices Islam and believe in Allah • Shia- believe that rulers of an Islamic nation must be a direct descendent of Muhammad
Israelites • Exodus 1300 B.C. • Leader- Moses led them out and to current day Israel • Mt. Sinai- 10 commandments (basis for religious life and daily practices)
*Temple of King Solomon- thought to hold the key to the monotheistic faiths
Different views of Judaism Orthodox Conservative Reform Rabbi’s - Jewish priests Judaism • Monotheistic- Adonai (God) • Founder- Abraham Covenant with God only worship him, no others • Hebrews- people who practice Judaism • Holy Text- Torah and Ten Commandments • Main Idea- Live a good and moral life
Christianity • Holy text- Bible (Gospel and New Testament) • Basic Belief- Have a personal relationship with god • Believe in God, Jesus, and the Trinity *Place of Origin/ Holy City- Jerusalem
Divisions in Christianity • Christians- those who practice Christianity • All churches led by priests • Catholic/ Orthodox- Believe in saints and the role of the Pope • Protestant- do not believe in the Pope as a government official • Methodist, Presbyterian, Lutheran, Baptist, etc. • More personal form of worship