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Types of Psychotherapy . Part 2. Objectives. Analyze cognitive therapy for disorders Analyze the Humanistic Theory Describe Extextential therapy Summarize Family and couples therapy. Cognitive Techniques.

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Types of Psychotherapy


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objectives
Objectives
  • Analyze cognitive therapy for disorders
  • Analyze the Humanistic Theory
  • Describe Extextential therapy
  • Summarize Family and couples therapy
cognitive techniques
Cognitive Techniques
  • Cognitive therapy is a form of therapy designed to identify and change irrational, unproductive ways of thinking and, hence, to reduce negative emotions and their behavioral consequences
  • Clients examine beliefs-”Love is doomed, everyone mean and selfish”
  • Learn to consider other explanations of behavior of people that annoy them: fathers discipline meant to protect them not control them
  • Requiring identifying bias, assumptions, EXAMINE THE EVIDENCE= Critical thinking (cougar score)
cognitive techniques1
Cognitive Techniques
  • Cognitive therapy is a form of therapy designed to identify and change irrational, unproductive ways of thinking and, hence, to reduce negative emotions and their behavioral consequences
  • Clients examine beliefs-”Love is doomed, everyone mean and selfish”
  • Learn to consider other explanations of behavior of people that annoy them: fathers discipline meant to protect them not control them
  • Requiring identifying bias, assumptions, EXAMINE THE EVIDENCE= Critical thinking (cougar score)
cognitive techniques2

chapter 12

Cognitive techniques

Examine the evidence for beliefs.

Consider other explanations for the behavior of other people.

Identify assumptions and biases.

cognitive technique
Cognitive technique
  • Rational emotive behavior therapy is a form of cognitive therapy devised by Albert Ellis, designed to challenge the clients unrealistic or irrational thoughts
  • Clients often Overgenerialize- one bad trait means whole person bad
rational emotive therapy

chapter 12

Rational emotive therapy

A form of cognitive therapy devised by Albert Ellis, designed to challenge the client’s unrealistic or irrational thoughts

humanistic treatment for disorders
Humanistic treatment for disorders
  • Humanist therapy is a form of psychotherapy based on the philosophy of humanism, which emphasizes peoples free will to change, not past conflicts
  • Values and needs, self-concept
  • Warm genuine
  • Self-actualization and self fulfillment
  • Don’t dig in past; feel better about themselveves, free themselves from self imposed limits
humanist therapy

chapter 12

Humanist therapy

Humanist therapy

Based on assumption that people seek self-actualization, self-fulfillment

Emphasized people’s free will to change, not past conflicts

Client-centered therapy

Developed by Carl Rogers, emphasizes therapist’s empathy with client, and communication of unconditional positive regard

who and what
Who and What
  • Client centered (nondirective) therapy is a humanistapproach to therapy devised by Carl Rogers, which emphasizes the therapists empathy with the client and use of unconditional positive regard
  • Listen and accept, nonjudgmental
  • Unconditional positive regard
effective therapy rodgers humanist
Effective therapy – Rodgers Humanist
  • Listen carefully Then restate accurately the clients remarks
  • “ you tell me your frustrated _____ because no matter hard you try, you don’t succeed
  • Now show meaning in therapists analysis!
  • “Working that hard without results must really make you unhappy and maybe make you feel a bit sorry for yourself”
ex therapy
Ex. Therapy
  • Existential therapy- helps clients explore the meaning of existence and face with courage the graver questions of life: death, freedom, alienation from others, loneliness, meaninglessness= existential crisis
  • Ex. Therapists, like humanists, believe lives not determined by past or circumstance= have power to choose own destiny
existential therapy

chapter 12

Existential therapy

Helps clients explore the meaning of existence and face with courage the great issues of life such as death, freedom, free will, alienation, and loneliness

ex philosophy
Ex. Philosophy
  • “The crucial first step in therapy is the patients assumption of responsibility for his/her life predicament. As long as one believes that one’s problems are caused by some force or agency outside oneself, there is no leverage in therapy” Irvin Yalom
  • Cope with life and death= seeds of wisdom
family couples therapy
Family Couples therapy
  • Family therapist– says problem developed in the context of family
  • Family systems perspective - an approach to doing therapy with individuals or families by emphasizing how each family member forms part of a larger interacting system
  • Interconnected like two dancers
  • As a result when one member changes= everyone else in family changes
family and couples therapy

chapter 12

Family and couples therapy

Assumes that problems develop in the context of family, that they are sustained by family dynamics, and that any changes will affect whole family

Can look for patterns of behavior across generations and create a family tree of psychologically significant events

more family psychotherapy
More family psychotherapy
  • Couples Therapy- understand and resolve inevitable conflicts
  • Therapist objective
  • Work on functioning of family
  • Openly listen to everyone
  • Focus on relationship not personality
family systems perspective

chapter 12

Family-systems perspective

Therapy with individuals or families that focuses on how each member forms part of a larger interacting system

summary
Summary
  • Humanistic
  • Existentialism
  • Family Therapy
  • Cognitive