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Reflections on African Positions / Programmes: What Bolts need to be fastened?(E.GS from REDD + / AFOLU) Peter A Minang ICRAF / ASB Partnership (AMCEN Addis meeting, October 2009)
Africa has never done better at negotiations • Congratulations to our negotiators • CAN WE DO BETTER? • YES WE CAN
Building our Positions on sound analysis and experience • REDD Readiness / demonstration projects • Africa = <25% of the 179 national activities and projects surveyed, or 45% less than Indonesia. • Does this imply same for AIJ and CDM?
REDD+ and REDD ++ (AFOLU) are complementary for Africa • Rainforests =100 Million people • Other forest outside of rainforests= 500 Million • Agroforestry = 1.9m sq Km • Agriculture= 1.8m sq km • Agroforestry = Adaptation and mitigation
Mitigation Potential of Agriculture in Africa • Congo Basin countries also need agriculture (e.g Cameroon is 50% non rainforest, Katanga province in DRC is not rainforest) • Agriculture 1004 Mt CO2-eq/yr until 2030 • At $ 10 =
Hence • Please see these as opportunities for every one and support each others perspective • It is just a question of speed: REDD at 80km/hr and Agric at 10 km/hr • AMCEN in May recommended broadening to include agroforestry and agriculture
Funds and Markets are complementary and necessary for Africa Available for REDD so far= 2- 3 Billion Adaptation fund= 300 m World Bank System= 1.2 Billion Pledged (GEF ? Etc) • So far our finance emphasis has been on funds (RIGHT and LEGITIMATE) • BUT • What does experience tell us • Carbon Market + 126 Billion USD in 2008 • If Africa targets and accesses10% = 12.6 Billion
When is a number not enough? – 67 Billion for Adaptation? • Yes there has been good discussion on the governance- Who manages and how to access? • BUT • Why have we been funding this within the UNFCCC? (Except for NAPA) • How do we distribute these funds? What criteria for G77 group of countries • What are we going to spend this on in our countries?
Are we paying attention to NAMAs? If no why? • Yes, South Africa, Algeria, Senegal • OUT of 53? • But others are doing that big time • Do we see the advantages for the energy sectors for which we have great potential- Solar, wind etc • Do we have thoughts about mechanisms for conditional / non-conditional funding for NAMAs?
Some final thoughts to keep in mind!!!! • THE DEVIL IS IN THE DETAIL • ADAPTING TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN AFRICA WOULD ONLY HAPPEN IF AND WHEN WE DO THE WORK
THANK YOU MERCI www.asb.cgiar.org