AMCEN MEETING ADDIS-ABABA, OCTOBER 19-24, 2009 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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AMCEN MEETING ADDIS-ABABA, OCTOBER 19-24, 2009

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  1. AMCEN MEETING ADDIS-ABABA, OCTOBER 19-24, 2009 GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY (GEF) SekouToure

  2. The GEF • Financial mechanism of four Multilateral Environment Agreements • Track-record on investments over more than 15 years • Strong financing and leveraging performance • Innovative programs • Expanding responsibilities – POPs, Land degradation, Adaptation Funds

  3. The GEF • Guidance from Conventions • Governance • Assembly • Council • GEF Focal points & Link to Conventions FP • Secretariat and Agencies • Other partners • Balanced decision making between developing and developed countries

  4. GEF Focal Areas • Climate change • Biological diversity • International waters • Land degradation, primarily desertification and deforestation • Ozone layer depletion • Persistent organic pollutants

  5. Climate Change Mitigation – main achievements • $2.5 billion invested in more than 130 countries • Climate Change Mitigation : energy efficiency, renewable energies, clean transport, Sustainable Forest Management and LULUCF • National communications to the UNFCCC • Technology Needs Assessments • Transfer of more than 30 environmentally sound technologies • More than 2.5 billion tons of CO2 avoided from GEF projects

  6. Adaptation to Climate Change – main achievements Least Developed Country Fund • 48 NAPAs financed, 42 completed • 33 concrete adaptation projects approved, 9 under implementation and at least 12 more by the end of 2009 • $369 million total ($113 LDCF and $256 co-financing ) Strategic Climate Change Fund • 22 concrete adaptation projects approved, 13 under implementation • $683 million total ($91 SCCF and $592 co-financing)

  7. GEF in Africa • Since 1991, GEF has invested in 750 Projects in Africa • Total amount invested by the GEF in Africa : $2.3 billion • Africa represents nearly 30% of the global GEF funding

  8. GEF in Africa Climate Change 230 projects in Climate Change Total GEF Amount = $600 million in Climate Change Adaptation to climate change : projects to adapt agriculture and water management, fight desertification, prevent coastal erosion, cope with drought, flooding and sea level rise Forest and climate change : projects to develop sustainable forest management through local communities Climate change mitigation : projects to develop renewable energy (solar, biomass, mini-hydro, wind…), energy efficiency (CFL programs…) and clean transport. Regional projects to have synergies on regional issues (forest..)

  9. The Least Developed Countries Fund/Africa Range: $1.1 to 4.5 million

  10. Adaptation Fund • Secretariat (interim) • Organize Board Meeting • Undergoing work to make operational • Monetization • Modalities for direct access • Administrative issues with trustee and secretariat

  11. Challenges for GEF-5 • Increase the level of replenishment • Strengthen the GEF through a significant set of reforms • Responsiveness to Conventions • From RAF to STAR and other technical and operational improvements • Governance, engagement with countries and stakeholders • Reflect the new international context • Meet expectations of stakeholders

  12. GEF Replenishments Pilot Phase (1991-1994) , $1.100 GEF-1 (1994-1998), $2.023 GEF-2 (1998-2002), $2.075 GEF-3 (2002-2006), $3.000 GEF-4 (2006-2010), $3.135 GEF-5 (2010-2014), ??????

  13. Replenishment Scenarios – GEF-5

  14. Key GEF-5 Innovation: Transformational Scaling-up

  15. Proposed Reforms for GEF-5 Responsiveness to Conventions and countries Strengthening and Widening GEF Partnership Enhancing Strategic and Operational Policies Transformational approaches

  16. Enhancing Strategic & Operational Policies/Gains for Africa- GEF-5 • Programming, Closer engagement with countries, Business Plan, Flexible GEF-wide allocation system, Refine and expand GEF focal areas, Reforming project cycle • From projects to integrated programs, Multi-focal area programs (e.g., SFM), • Special and expanded window for the private sector, Expanded engagement in adaptation, NGOs engagement

  17. Adaptation : priority sectors of intervention – GEF-5 Requested : $500 million Replenishment Requested : $500 million Replenishment

  18. Mitigation: priority sectors of intervention – GEF-5

  19. THANK YOU

  20. LDCF Projects by Country • Guinea-Bissau: Strengthening Resilience and Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change in Guinea-Bissau's Agrarian and Water Sectors. • Guinea: Increased resilience and Adaptation to Adverse Impacts of Climate Change in Guinea's Vulnerable Coastal Zones • Gambia: Strengthening of the Gambia's Climate Change Early-warning Systems • Eritrea: Integrating Climate Change Risks into Community-Based Livestock management in the Northwestern Lowlands • Djibouti :Reducing Impacts and Vulnerability of Coastal Productive Systems • DRC: Building the Capacity of the Agriculture Sector to Plan for and Respond to the Additional Threats Posed by Climate Change on Food Production • Comoros :Adapting Water Resource Management in Comoros to Increase Capacity to Cope with Climate Change • Cape Verde : Building Adaptive Capacity and Resilience to Climate Change in the Water Sector • Burkina Faso : Strengthening Adaptation Capacities and Reducing the Vulnerability to Climate Change • Benin: Integrated Adaptation Programme to Combat the Effects of Climate Change on Agricultural Production and Food Security • Lesotho: Improvement of Early-Warning System to Reduce Impacts of Climate Change and Capacity Building to Integrate Climate Change into Development Plans • Liberia : Enhancing Resilience of Vulnerable Coastal to Climate Change Risks in Liberia • Malawi: Climate Adaptation for Rural Livelihoods and Agriculture • Mali: Enhancing Adaptive Capacity and Resilience to Climate Change in the Agriculture Sector in Mali • Mali: Integrating Climate Resilience into Agriculture Production for Food Security in Rural Areas of Mali • Mauritania : Reducing Vulnerability of Arid Oasian Zones to Climate Change and Variability through Improved Watershed Management • Niger: Implementing NAPA Priority Interventions to Build Resilience and Adaptive Capacity of the Agriculture Secotr to Climate Change • Rwanda :Reducing Vulnerability to Climate Change by Establishing Early-Warning and Disaster Preparedness Systems and Support for Integrated Watershed Management in Flood-Prone Areas • Sao Tome and Principe : Adaptation to Climate Change • Sierra Leone : Integration Adaptation to Climate Change into Agricultural Production and Food Security • Sudan : Implementing NAPA Priority Interventions to Build Resilience in the Agriculture and Water Sectors to the Adverse Impacts of Climate Change • Zambia : Adaptation to the Effects of Drought and Climate Change in Agro-Ecological Zones 1 and 2 in Zambia