Assimilation:. the process of inclusion through which newcomers become full members of another group or society. Does America have an assimilation problem? Debate. Theory of the cycle of race relations.
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1. Anglo-conformity model: basic assumption: complete assimilation of the minority group into the Anglo patterns of culture, etc.
Most widely accepted ideology—colonial period
13 colonies—northeastern states
English as common language—unityEthnocentric—values & customs—modified Englishman
2. Melting-pot ideology: basic assumption: belief that the culture and society of each ethnic group should be blended with the culture and society of the host group to produce a new and different culture and society. This ideology lost favor with the rise of political liberalism in the 1960s.
3.Cultural pluralism: Horace Kallen (1915), Jewish philosopher, argued that members of every American ethnic group should be free to participate in all of the society’s major institutions while simultaneously retaining or elaborating their own ethnic heritage.
Basic assumption: a salad bowl analogy, i.e., each ingredient in the salad retains its distinct flavor but adds a new essence to the salad. The ideology can work best in New York, California, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and some of the Southern states.