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Growth of International Trade. 1000-1500 CE. Objectives. Establish interconnectedness of global trade prior to European maritime exploration Show trade links from Greenland to Japan to Madagascar Link cultural diffusion to the rise of Western Europe by 1500

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objectives
Objectives
  • Establish interconnectedness of global trade prior to European maritime exploration
    • Show trade links from Greenland to Japan to Madagascar
  • Link cultural diffusion to the rise of Western Europe by 1500
  • Show influence of trade routes on GO PERSIA
viking atlantic trade 900 1450
Viking Atlantic Trade 900-1450
  • Furs, fish, and ivory from Greenland
  • Iron, wood, glass, and grain from Norway
  • Spread Christianity to Greenland
  • Norwegian ties to Hanseatic League and prosperity of Northern Europe
asian land river trade routes
Asian Land/River Trade Routes
  • Silk Roads
    • Silks, teas and porcelain from Guangzhou,China
    • Woolen cloth, horses, and ivory from Central Asia
    • Rubies, silver, and ebony from India
    • Carpets, linen, brocade, and ceramics from the Abbasids-Samarkand, Uzbekistan
    • Wine, perfume, glass, silk, and slaves(Slavs) from the Byzantines
    • Furs,wood, amber, and grain from Kievan Russia
significance of asian land trade
Significance of Asian land trade
  • Spread Buddhism,Christianity and Islam to China
  • Created cultural diffusion of technology from East Asia to Europe
  • Pax Mongolica (c1227-1478) kept trade routes open and flowing
  • Created European desire for a water route to China to cut out Islamic middlemen
indian ocean trade routes
Indian Ocean Trade Routes
  • Slaves, ivory, gold, and iron from East Africa
  • Porcelain, tea and silk from China
  • Pottery from Burma
  • Cloth, spices (pepper), and jewels from Calicut, India
significance of indian ocean trade routes
Significance of Indian Ocean trade routes
  • Caused cross-cultural contact throughout the coastal areas from East Asia to East Africa using the monsoon winds
  • Opened African interior to trade with coast
  • Caused rise of East African trading cities of Kilwa, Sofala, and Mogadishu
  • Spread Islam to coastal Bantu speakers
trans saharan trade
Trans-Saharan Trade
  • Gold, ivory, slaves, exotic feathers and spices from Sub- Saharan Africa-Timbuktu
  • Salt, cloth, and metalwork from Ceuta, North Africa
significance of trans saharan trade
Significance of Trans-Saharan Trade
  • Aided in the rise of West African Empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai
  • Caused cross-cultural contact between the Mediterranean world and West Africa
  • Provided most of Europe’s pre-Columbian gold
  • Spread Islam through West Africa
mediterranean trade
Mediterranean Trade
  • Constantinople/Byzantine Empire-Silk major terminus on the Silk Roads until 1206
  • Venice-Fine glass and naval fleet (mude) to transport goods
  • Spices, silks, and other Asian goods
  • Cairo & Alexandria, Egypt-The commercial centers between Europe, Southwest Asia and East Asia via Indian Ocean trade
portuguese atlantic trade
Portuguese Atlantic Trade
  • Early exploration establishes colonies at Madereis and Canary Islands
  • Create sugar plantation systems using African slaves-precursor to New World acquisitions
  • Raids and contacts along West African coast strengthens resolve for water route to Asia
  • African slave network tied to Europe
  • 1500-Vasco da Gama reaches Calicut