ch 8 sect 3 4 n.
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Ch.8 Sect. 3 &4. Troubles at Home and Abroad. EQ1: How did the U.S. handle conflicts with the Natives, France, and Britain? EQ2: How did disagreements over states rights intensify the conflict between Federalists and Republicans?. Internal vs. External Challenges.

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ch 8 sect 3 4
Ch.8 Sect. 3 &4

Troubles at Home and Abroad

EQ1: How did the U.S. handle conflicts with the Natives, France, and Britain?

EQ2: How did disagreements over states rights intensify the conflict between Federalists and Republicans?

internal vs external challenges
Internal vs. External Challenges
  • What’s the difference between an internal and an external challenge? (for the nation)

The U.S. was faced with many internal and external challenges at the beginning of the new nation.

internal challenges
Internal Challenges
  • Debate over states’ rights
  • Interpretation of the Constitution
  • Washington’s Retirement
external challenges
External Challenges
  • Problems with France and Britain
  • Territorial Wars with Native Americans
conflicts in the northwest territory
Conflicts in the Northwest Territory
  • British soldiers wouldn’t leave the Northwest Territory
  • The British were supplying the Native Americans with guns and ammunition
  • Natives refused to give up land

In August of 1794, General Anthony Wayne won a victory against the Native Americans at the Battle of Fallen Timbers

  • Native Americans agreed to the Treaty of Greenville (1795)
  • Gave up most of their lands from the Ohio River to Lake Erie
the french revolution
The French Revolution
  • Most Americans at first supported the French Revolutionaries, especially Republicans
  • The French Revolution became controversial when more violent
  • Federalists feared same thing would happen in the U.S.
war between britain and france
War Between Britain and France
  • Both countries began stopping American ships and seizing their cargo
  • The British made matters worse by impressment of sailors (seizing sailors and forcing them to serve in the British navy)
  • Washington sent John Jay to London to solve the most serious problems

The Jay Treaty of 1795

    • The British agreed to pay for the ships it seized and withdraw its troops in the Northwest Territory
    • But refused to stop impressment
the xyz affair
The XYZ Affair
  • French still attacking American merchant ships
  • In 1797, Adams sent a three-person mission to France
  • The French government demanded the U.S. pay a bribe

As a result, Adams increased the size of the army and navy and began an undeclared naval war with France

the alien and sedition acts
The Alien and Sedition Acts
  • Federalists fear of revolutionary France made them fear immigrants and Republicans
  • The Alien Act was directed at immigrants
    • Increased the duration from 5 to 14 years to become a citizen
    • President given the power to deport or imprison any alien

The Sedition Act targeted Republicans

    • It made it a crime to write or say anything insulting or false about the government
virginia and kentucky resolutions
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
  • The Republicans claimed acts violated the Constitution, especially the First Amendment
  • Republicans James Madison and Thomas Jefferson led the campaign against the Alien and Sedition Acts

The Virginia and Kentucky resolutions stated Alien and Sedition acts were unconstitutional

  • The resolutions claimed that the states could nullify a law passed by Congress