how did the berlin blockade worsen superpower relations n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
How did the Berlin Blockade worsen Superpower Relations? PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
How did the Berlin Blockade worsen Superpower Relations?

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 12

How did the Berlin Blockade worsen Superpower Relations? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 134 Views
  • Uploaded on

How did the Berlin Blockade worsen Superpower Relations?. L/O – To identify the causes and effects of the Berlin Blockade 1948-49. Problems with Berlin. Berlin was deep inside the Soviet sector, yet it was divided between the four Allied powers (USA, USSR, Britain and France).

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'How did the Berlin Blockade worsen Superpower Relations?' - alesia


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
how did the berlin blockade worsen superpower relations

How did the Berlin Blockade worsen Superpower Relations?

L/O – To identify the causes and effects of the Berlin Blockade 1948-49

problems with berlin
Problems with Berlin
  • Berlin was deep inside the Soviet sector, yet it was divided between the four Allied powers (USA, USSR, Britain and France).
  • Germany was now run by a joint Allied Control Commission.
  • Berlin was run by a joint Allied Kommandatura.
  • Each country differed as to how they felt Germany should be governed.
rebuilding germany
Rebuilding Germany
  • After the war, Germany was crippled and each of the four occupation zones was in economic chaos.
  • Stalin feared a recovering Germany. He wanted to keep it crippled.
  • The West knew that Germany could not feed its people unless it could rebuild its industries. By 1947, the US and Britain combined their zones to form one ‘bizonia’. France joined in 1949 to form ‘Trizonia’.
rebuilding germany1
Rebuilding Germany
  • During 1948, it became clear that the USSR intended to turn its zone into a communist satellite state.
  • Britain, France and the USA decided to firstly set up a German assembly to create a German constitution.
  • They then introduced a new currency – the Deutschmark – which became the official currency of Trizonia. Germany was becoming permanently divided.
stalin s opposition
Stalin’s Opposition
  • The new currency was a step too far for Stalin. It was seen as a real threat.
  • West Berlin was a ‘window into the West’ for those living in the Soviet sector. The Western allies had invested heavily to help West Berlin recover. This showed those in East Germany the higher standard of living in the West.
  • West Berlin was thus a continual embarrassment to Stalin – it was a showpiece of capitalism. He was determined to do something about it.
the berlin blockade
The Berlin Blockade
  • Stalin could do nothing about these developments but he could stamp his authority on Berlin.
  • Stalin hoped to prove that a divided Germany could not work in practice. So he blockaded Berlin in June 1948.
  • He used the Soviet military to block off all supply routes (road, rail, canal) to Berlin, leaving the 2 million population of West Berlin stranded.
the berlin airlift
The Berlin Airlift
  • The choice was taken to fly supplies in. This meant the Western Allies wouldn’t give into Stalin, but also wouldn’t provoke war.
  • It placed pressure back on Stalin – he couldn’t just shoot down planes!
the berlin airlift1
The Berlin Airlift
  • For 11 months food and other supplies like coal were flown into Berlin by the Allies.
  • Inhabitants of West Berlin depended on these flights for everything. In Winter 1948 they survived on dried potatoes, powdered eggs and cans of meat, with just four hours of electricity a day.
  • 275,000 flights carried 1 ½ million tons of supplies. At its peak, 1 plane landed every 3 minutes and they had 7 minutes to unload.
  • The airlift cost $100 million, and 79 servicemen who died in accidents.
was the airlift a success
Was the airlift a success?

Relations worsened – war had almost broken out.

Germany would now be split up into West and East Germany.

  • In May 1949, Stalin called off the blockade. It was a major propaganda victory for the West.
  • The impact of the blockade should not be underestimated. It highlighted divisions between East and West – and made those divisions more permanent.

Results of the Airlift

NATO and the Warsaw Pact – defensive alliances would be set up.

Arms Race – both sides focused on building nuclear weapons and conventional forces.

after the blockade
After the Blockade
  • The West set-up NATO in 1949. The ‘North Atlantic Treaty Organisation’ was a military alliance that offered mutual support in the event of an attack. The Warsaw Pact was set up in 1955 by the USSR.
  • In May 1949 the Western Allies formal created the new Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) – West Germany.
  • In October 1949, the USSR responded by creating the German Democratic Republic (GDR) – East Germany.
  • The Blockade also led to an arms race. Stalin knew that he would need an atomic bomb to win any further conflicts. In 1949 the USSR created one.