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The OGT. Reading Component Writing Component. Key points. Take your time! Carefully read the selections, DON’T SKIP QUESTIONS! Skim the test to see length and variety. Pay careful attention to directions! Do exactly what the question asks. On multiple choice, read all 4 choices!

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the ogt


Reading Component

Writing Component

key points
Key points
  • Take your time!
  • Carefully read the selections, DON’T SKIP QUESTIONS!
  • Skim the test to see length and variety.
  • Pay careful attention to directions! Do exactly what the question asks.
  • On multiple choice, read all 4 choices!
  • Remember literary elements:

Conflict, metaphor, simile, cause and effect, compare and contrast, order of importance, and spacial order.

glossary of reading and writing
Glossary of reading and writing
  • Active reading graph
  • Analogical statements hyperbole
  • Audience metaphor
  • Bifurcated thesis narrative
  • Character onomatopoeia
  • Context opinion
  • Diagram personification
  • Edit persuasive techniques
  • Expository writing plot
  • Extended response propaganda
  • Fact point of view
  • Purpose revise
  • Setting short answer
  • Simile style
  • Table theme
reading for information
Reading for information
  • Take the quiz!
  • Preview the text.
  • Note bold face type, titles, or paragraph headings.
  • Underline or note in the margins, facts and details.
  • Did the author achieve purpose? How well?
  • Purposes: To inform, to persuade, to entertain.
  • Order? Chronological, order of importance, general to specific
  • Read: A Brief Biography. Answer questions. (key word strategy.) (read questions first)
vocabulary in context
Vocabulary in Context
  • Use context clues.
  • Synonym/ Antonym
  • Read for topic/tone
  • Use biography to define 8 words/ 3 groups/ 3 minutes
  • Wetlands/ complete on own.
improve your reading
Improve your reading
  • Determine who the author is and what their point of view is on the topic.
  • Consider what you know, think, or feel on the topic.
  • What is the writer’s purpose? Audience?
  • Consider content and organization.
  • Mark and highlight the text.
  • Practice one of the passages.
communicating with graphics technical material
Communicating with graphicsTechnical material
  • 1. Preview titles and headings.
  • 2. concentrate and read actively.
  • 3. reread
  • 4. Use graphic elements to enhance understanding.
    • Use bulleted lists, numbered lists, bold headings.
    • Tables: list and organize data.
      • Read the title. Find the source of information. Read the data.

Graphs: visual representation of data. (trends, sizes)

Read the title. Read the x-axis and y-axis. Read any other labels. Read the data.

literary devices figures of speech
Literary Devices (figures of speech)
  • Simile/ metaphor
  • Personification
  • Hyperbole
  • Onomatopoeia

Why do they use them?

To connect with our senses

To convey personal qualities.

To set the mood or make an impact

To say it in a new, original way

Use this link to practice : Figurative language

structural literary devices
Structural Literary Devices
  • Flashback
  • Foreshadowing
  • Irony
  • Repetition
  • Symbolism
writing component
Writing component
  • 6 point rubric
    • 6: prompt is directly addressed, response adapted to audience/purpose, developed, great ideas, examples, and details. Well organized, engaging, unified, understandable. Uses variety, word choice and style.
    • 5: Clearly, well developed. (difference)
    • 4: Occasional inconsistency.
    • 3: adequate, inconsistencies in response’s plan, repetitive, unevenly developed, occasionally inappropriate.
    • 2: Marginal, attempt, repetitive, unevenly developed, limited organization, not unified, lapses in sentence structure.
    • 1: inadequate, weak, little awareness of audience, purpose, no development, severe lapses in sentence structure.
    • 0: off-task, illegible, no response
writing conventions
Writing Conventions
  • 3 point rubric
  • 3: free from errors in capitalization, punctuation, spelling
  • 2: Occasional
  • 1: Frequent errors
  • 0: illegible, not long enough.
short answer extended response
Short Answer/Extended Response
  • Short answers: 2 points: 2-3 sentences
  • Extended response: 4 points. 4-5 sentences.
  • Consider your handwriting. Write clearly.
  • Steps: 1. Identify what the question is asking and begin to formulate an answer. Return to the text and use it to find specific details to answer the questions.
timed writing
Timed Writing
  • 2 ½ hours per test.
  • Prewriting is important. Organize your work.
  • Use the prompt to write the thesis. (echo the question strategy.)
  • Analyze the question.
  • Control the idea by making a list of facts, ideas.
  • Draft your essay. (intro: grab reader’s attention, body: support your idea, conclusion: summarize, reinforce)
  • Revise. Ask yourself: What would reader expect to see next? Or This is true because?
  • Edit. Look for mechanical mistakes. (read aloud strategy)
writing a letter
Writing a letter
  • Letters will be graded just like an essay. (intro, body, conclusion)
  • Remember that the reader is the grader not the person they are asking you to address.
  • Use prewriting.
  • Make it look like a letter. (date, salutation, body, closing, signature)
  • Correct style, formal language, and good organization.
spelling grammar
  • Grammar, punctuation, spelling.
  • Make sure you spell the basic words correctly. Don’t use the advance word and misspell it.
  • Use synonyms that you know how to spell.
  • Sincerely (know it)

Review Punctuation with this link.

Punctuation rules

denotative connotative meanings
Denotative/Connotative Meanings
  • Denotative: dictionary meaning
  • Connotative: Personal meaning
  • Use this link to help see the difference.
  • Denotation vs. connotative
persuasive techniques
Persuasive Techniques
  • State the facts.
  • State the benefits to the audience.
  • State the expertise as author.
  • Connect emotionally with the reader.
  • Present facts that support your argument.
writing an intro conclusion
Writing an Intro/ Conclusion
  • Introduction
  • Begin with a thesis statement that states the main idea of the essay.
  • Identify the topic of each paragraph that will follow.
  • Don’t provide details. (Body)
  • Conclusion
  • Summary: restate the main points.
  • Highlight most interesting point.
  • Call to action: used in persuasive
  • Recommendation: logical end
  • Quotation: supports the main idea
expository writing inform narrative tells a story
Expository Writing (inform), Narrative (tells a story)
  • Expository
  • Explain something with facts, ideas, supporting details.
  • Narrative
  • Tells a story. (Prewrite, Draft, Revise, Edit)
    • Write in chronological order.
    • Limit the number of characters.
    • Provide details.
    • The story does not have to be true.
    • Use variety of sentences/ vocabulary.
    • Watch the time.
paragraph development
Paragraph Development
  • Facts: give statistics/ data
  • Definition: restate the main idea
  • Several examples that support the topic
  • An anecdote (personal example0
  • Timeline of events.
  • A comparison
  • Contrast
  • quotations