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Colonial Latin America. Economy, Church, and State. The Aftermath of Conquest. The Legacies of Contact The “Columbian Exchange” Ecological Conquest? Physical and Psychological Effects. Slave & Master, late 18 th c. Quito. Castas, Eighteenth-Century Mexico. The Emerging Colonial Economy.

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Colonial Latin America


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. Colonial Latin America Economy, Church, and State

    2. The Aftermath of Conquest • The Legacies of Contact • The “Columbian Exchange” • Ecological Conquest? • Physical and Psychological Effects

    3. Slave & Master, late 18th c. Quito

    4. Castas, Eighteenth-Century Mexico

    5. The Emerging Colonial Economy • The Example of Cortés • The Encomienda • Iberian Precedents • Abuses and “Reform” • The Rise of the Landowning Class • The Hacienda and Hacendados • Colonial Agriculture • Sugar: “Sweetness and Power”

    6. The Mining Sector • Mineral Wealth in the Americas • The European Ideal (“Mercantilism”) • The Mineral Cycle • Indigenous Effects • European Effects • Financing Empire • Long-Term Fiscal Trends

    7. La Valencia Silver Mine, Guanajuato, Mexico

    8. Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    9. Colonial Administration • The Council of the Indies • The Casa de Contratación • Closed Ports and Monopolies (The Ideal) • The Reality • Colonial Administration: Viceroys and Audiencias→Corregidores and Cabildos, local power networks • The Republica de los Indios • Caciques

    10. Portugal and Colonial Brazil • Pedro Álvarez Cabral’s “discovery,” 1500 • The “Factory” Period • The feitoria • Economic and Political Motivations • Proprietary Settlements (“Captaincies”) • The Addition of Royal Administration • The French Threat • The Indian Question • Tomé de Sousa (admin. 1549-1553) • The Sugar Cycle and African Slavery

    11. Church and State • The Role of the Church • Patronato Real • The Incomplete “Spiritual Conquest” of America • Syncretism • Church vs. Landowners • “Just War” and the “Indian Question” • Bartolome de las Casas (vs. Sepúlveda) • “New Laws” of the Indies, 1542

    12. Alcoman Monastery

    13. Altar at National Cathedral

    14. Interior View, Cholula Cathedral

    15. Cuernavaca

    16. San Jose Mission, San Antonio

    17. Valladolid

    18. Yaxcabá (in the Yucatán)