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FIRE GROUND STRATEGY AND TACTICS. THE BASICS. DEFINITIONS I. DEFINITIONS II. STRATEGY = Incident Commander. Decides the Goal (RECEO/REVAS) TACTIC = Operations/Division Officer. Chooses objectives to reach goal (interior attack, roof ventilation, etc).

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Presentation Transcript
definitions ii
DEFINITIONS II
  • STRATEGY = Incident Commander. Decides the Goal (RECEO/REVAS)
  • TACTIC = Operations/Division Officer. Chooses objectives to reach goal (interior attack, roof ventilation, etc).
  • TASK = Group/Firefighters. Perform the functions to reach objective
basic fire ground strategy and tactics5
(Fire Attack)

Strategy: The Goal, what has to be done

Tactic: the objective,how will it be done

Task: the assigned activity, who will do it

Strategy = The Incident Commander

Tactic: The Operations/Division Officer

Task:: The Firefighters, perform the functions

Basic Fire Ground Strategy and Tactics
command sequence think plan act
Think:: Size Up, Pre-Fire Plan, and Goal

Plan: Strategy and Tactics

Act: Implementation

Incident Commander

to

Operations

to

Firefighter/

Groups

Command SequenceThink! Plan! Act!
primary factors to determine strategy
Rescue

Exposures

Confinement

Extinguishment

Overhaul

Ventilation

Salvage

(FEMA)

Rescue

Evacuation

Ventilation

Attack

Salvage

(Fire Attack)

Primary Factors to Determine Strategy
questions to ask
Questions To Ask
  • What do I Have?
  • What am I doing
  • What do I need?
  • Where is it going?
  • How do I control it?
  • Who is in command?
strategic concepts in firefighting mcaniff
Strategic Concepts In Firefighting (McAniff)
  • OFFENSIVE: Direct attack at seat of fire. Normally at Incipient Stage, this solves all problems.
  • OFFENSIVE/DEFENSIVE: An attack on the main body of fire, while taking measures to control extension.
  • DEFENSIVE/OFFENSIVE: A holding action,it keeps fire in reasonable bounds while more forces are called.
  • DEFENSIVE: Surround and Drown, protect the exposures.
  • INDIRECT: A Contained/Confined smoldering fire, where use of steam expansion is taken advantage of and there is no rescue.
general principles of firefighting norman
General Principles of Firefighting (Norman)
  • Lacking sufficient manpower,rescue takes precedence.
  • Remove those in greatest danger first!
  • With insufficient manpower to perform needed tasks, perform those that protect the most first.
  • When sufficient manpower is available coordinate both rescue and fire attack.
  • If there are no threats to occupants or no occupants, Firefighters should no be unduly endangered.
engine company operations

Engine Company Operations

Aggressive attacks are a necessity.

Begin suppression as soon as possible.

Choose the proper operating mode

OFFENSIVE

DEFENSIVE

INDIRECT

basic fire ground strategy and tactics12
Basic Fire Ground Strategy and Tactics
  • When a human life is at stake an interior attack is mandated.
  • 1st hose line to worst case before worrying about other hose lines.
  • If attack stalled increase ventilation or water flow, or both. If not working CHANGE TACTICS!
  • When effectiveoffensive attack is not possible or has not succeeded in 20 minutes, prepare defensive positions
  • When forced to defensive mode consider the possible effect of total structure involvement.
locate confine extinguish

LOCATE CONFINE EXTINGUISH

“LET CIRCUMSTANCES DICTATE PROCEDURES…ERR ON THE SIDE OF SAFETY.”

sources
Sources:

IMS by NFPA

Fire Attack by Emergency Resources Inc.

Fire Officer’s Handbook of Tactics by John Norman

Strategic Concepts in Fire Fighting by Edward P. McAniff

discussion
DISCUSSION
  • Residential Garage
  • Car Fires
  • Strip Mall/Deluge gun
  • Mid-Rise/Outside balcony
  • Nursing Home
slide16

The Plaza: 8220-8224-8228 Jog Rd. Boynton Beach

Q.A.S. Strategy and Tactics Exercise

slide17

Assisted Care Living Facility

  • 3 Story Building: Type 5P – Concrete and wood – 1 hour. Ext. block walls, poured conc. Floors.
    • 1st fl. 53,000 #ft (core style hallways)
    • 2nd & 3rd flrs. @37,8000 #ft (center style hallways
    • Roof: Tile, wood truss/joist
  • Standpipes/Sprinklers
  • 145 apartments