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The Persian Wars: A Defining Moment in Greek History. What is the opposite of Greek? What does it take to make the Greeks unite against a common enemy?. Tonight’s Class. The Persian Wars, Part I Movie: Homer’s Odyssey Persian Wars, Part II. Key Questions for Today’s Lecture.

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the persian wars a defining moment in greek history

The Persian Wars: A Defining Moment in Greek History

What is the opposite of Greek?

What does it take to make the Greeks unite against a common enemy?

tonight s class
Tonight’s Class
  • The Persian Wars, Part I
  • Movie: Homer’s Odyssey
  • Persian Wars, Part II
key questions for today s lecture
Key Questions for Today’s Lecture
  • Who are the Persians?
  • What are the causes of war?
  • What key events occur during the war?
  • Who wins the war and what are the consequences?
who are the persians
Who Are The Persians?
  • Absolute Rule of Kings
  • Poverty vs. Decadence
  • Excellence vs. Money
the causes of war
The Causes of War
  • Persians invaded Greece
  • 490 BC (Marathon)
  • 480-479 BC
battle of marathon 490 bce
Battle of Marathon- 490 BCE

Countless Persians vs. 10,000 Athenians

“The magnificent grove of Marathon can confirm his bravery – as well as the long-haired Persian – who remembers it well.”

- Epitaph of Aeschylus

Where were the Spartans?

the consequences of war
The Consequences of War
  • History changes as a result of this battle
  • Athenians = great political confidence
  • Athenian wealth, greatness + power reflected in literature + building projects
athens as a naval power
Athens as a Naval Power
  • 482 BCE
  • Silver Mines
  • Aristides’s Plan
  • Themistocles’s resolve
the madness of xerxes
The Madness of Xerxes
  • Bridge over the Hellespont
  • 40,000 hoplites + 366 ships
  • 200,000 + 1000 ships
  • Ships destroyed
thermopylae 480 bce
Thermopylae – 480 BCE
  • Trap the army, destroy the fleet
  • 300 men, 2 days, one fight to the death
  • “Go tell them in Sparta, stranger, that we lie here obedient to their orders.”

Simonides

salamis 480 bce
Salamis – 480 BCE
  • Themistocles’s Brilliant Plan
  • Greek Fleet vs. Persian Fleet
  • Persia loses the battle
479 battle of plataea
479 Battle of Plataea
  • Spartans win
  • But Athens still has naval superiority
  • Greeks win war, but lose internal unity
sparta vs athens
Sparta vs. Athens
  • Sparta won the deciding battle but . . .
  • Athens had the navy
  • 478 - Delian League
  • One vote each = democratic alliance
why is this a defining moment in greek history
Why Is This A Defining Moment in Greek History?

Athens - cultural center of the Greek World . . . with the common enemy vanquished, Greeks will fight amongst themselves.

coming next week
Coming Next Week . . .
  • ATHENIAN LEADERSHIP
  • WOULD THE ATHENIANS HAVE ELECTED ARNOLD?
ad